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  • Dublin City Spatial Energy Demand Analysis

  • Dublin City Spatial Energy Demand Analysis

    Report prepared by Codema in association with Dublin City Council.

    Author: Donna Gartland, Strategic Sustainable Energy Planner June 2015

  • Dublin City Spatial Energy Demand Analysis

    Report prepared by Codema in association with Dublin City Council.

    Author: Donna Gartland, Strategic Sustainable Energy Planner June 2015

  • Copyright © 2015 Codema

    All rights reserved

    Report developed by Codema with support from the INTERREG IVB North West Europe programme through the Academy of Champions for Energy (ACE)

    Reproduction of the contents is permissible provided the source is acknowledged.

    Disclaimer

    While Codema considers that the information given in this work is sound, all parties must rely upon their own skill and judgment when making use of it. Codema does not make any representation or warranty, expressed or implied, as to the accuracy or completeness of the information contained in this report and assumes no responsibility for the accuracy or completeness of such information. Codema will not assume any liability to anyone for any loss or damage arising out of the provision of this report.

    Contents Executive Summary ................................................. 7 Introduction ........................................................... 9

    Context ............................................................................................................. 9 Relating Policy ................................................................................................. 12

    Spatial Energy Demand Analysis ............................ 15 Introduction ..................................................................................................... 15

    Residential Sector Energy .................................................................................. 19 Methodology ................................................................................................ 19 Results ......................................................................................................... 20

    Commercial Sector Energy ................................................................................ 33

    Methodology ................................................................................................ 33 Results ......................................................................................................... 33

    Municipal Sector Energy ................................................................................... 41 Total Energy in all Sectors ................................................................................. 45

    Renewable Energy Potential ................................... 55 Conclusion .......................................................... 61

  • Copyright © 2015 Codema

    All rights reserved

    Report developed by Codema with support from the INTERREG IVB North West Europe programme through the Academy of Champions for Energy (ACE)

    Reproduction of the contents is permissible provided the source is acknowledged.

    Disclaimer

    While Codema considers that the information given in this work is sound, all parties must rely upon their own skill and judgment when making use of it. Codema does not make any representation or warranty, expressed or implied, as to the accuracy or completeness of the information contained in this report and assumes no responsibility for the accuracy or completeness of such information. Codema will not assume any liability to anyone for any loss or damage arising out of the provision of this report.

    Contents Executive Summary ................................................. 7 Introduction ........................................................... 9

    Context ............................................................................................................. 9 Relating Policy ................................................................................................. 12

    Spatial Energy Demand Analysis ............................ 15 Introduction ..................................................................................................... 15

    Residential Sector Energy .................................................................................. 19 Methodology ................................................................................................ 19 Results ......................................................................................................... 20

    Commercial Sector Energy ................................................................................ 33

    Methodology ................................................................................................ 33 Results ......................................................................................................... 33

    Municipal Sector Energy ................................................................................... 41 Total Energy in all Sectors ................................................................................. 45

    Renewable Energy Potential ................................... 55 Conclusion .......................................................... 61

  • Dublin City Spatial Energy Demand Analysis

    4

    Table of Figures

    Figure 1: Final Energy by Fuel Type Dublin City (2011) ......................................................................... 10 Figure 2: Heat Density Map of Skelleftea Municipality in Sweden (Source: Ranhagen & Ekelund (2004)) ..... 12 Figure 3: Maps Showing Examples of Small Area (SA) Breakdown in Dublin City ..................................... 15 Figure 4: Average C ratings (Green) in areas around the newly developed Dublin Docklands Area ............. 20 Figure 5: Average G ratings (Red) in areas in the older north inner city area ............................................ 20 Figure 6: Average BER of All Dwellings in Each Small Area ................................................................... 21 Figure 7: Average Annual Energy Use per Dwelling in Each Small Area .................................................. 23 Figure 8: Average Floor Area of Dwellings in Each Small Area .............................................................. 24 Figure 9: Average Annual Energy Costs per Dwelling in Each Small Area ................................................ 25 Figure 10: Areas Most at Risk of Energy Poverty ................................................................................... 28 Figure 11: Total Annual Residential Energy Demand (MWh) .................................................................. 29 Figure 12: Total Annual Residential Electricity Demand (MWh) ............................................................... 30 Figure 13: Total Annual Residential Fossil Fuel Demand (MWh) .............................................................. 31 Figure 14: Zoom-in Section of Map shown in Figure 15 ........................................................................ 34 Figure 15: High Energy Users within City Centre and Docklands ............................................................ 34 Figure 16: Annual Energy Use (MWh) and Location of Each Commercial Premises Analysed ...................... 35 Figure 17: Areas of Highest Annual Commercial Energy Use ................................................................. 36 Figure 18: North Dock Area with Highest Energy Demand in Commercial Sector ...................................... 37 Figure 19: Total Annual Commercial Energy Demand (MWh) ................................................................ 38 Figure 20: Commercial Sector Heat Demand Density (TJ/km2) ............................................................... 39 Figure 21: Total Annual Commercial Heat Demand (MWh) ................................................................... 39 Figure 22: Total Annual Commercial Energy Costs (1000s €) ................................................................. 40 Figure 23: Zoom-in Section Showing Large Energy Users ....................................................................... 41 Figure 24: Municipal Energy Use (MWh) and Locations of Each Account ................................................. 43 Figure 25: Total Annual Municipal Energy Demand (MWh) ................................................................... 44 Figure 26: Section of Dublin City Map with High Heat Demand Densities and Clustered Commercial Activity 45 Figure 27: The Greater Copenhagen DH System (Danish Energy Agency) ................................................ 46 Figure 28: Total Heat Demand Density of All Sectors (TJ/km2) ................................................................ 47 Figure 29: Potential Anchor Loads and Industrial Waste Heat Resources for DH ........................................ 48 Figure 30: Total Annual Energy Demand of All Sectors (GWh) ............................................................... 50 Figure 31: Total Annual Fossil Fuel Use (GWh) of All Sectors ................................................................. 51 Figure 32: Total Annual Electricity Use (GWh) of All Sectors .................................................................. 52 Figure 33: Electricity Share (%) of Total Energy Demand of All Sectors .................................................... 53 Figur