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  • THE SECOND INTERNATIONAL FORUM OF THE QURANIC BOTANIC GARDENISLAMIC PERSPECTIVES ON ECOSYSTEM MANAGEMENT

    Quranic Botanic Garden, member of Qatar Foundation for Education, Science and Community Development, in collaboration with Commission on Ecosystem Management of International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN)22nd - 24th April, 2014Doha, Qatar

    ISBN: 978/9927/4050/2/0

    PROCEEDINGS OF THE SECOND INTERNATIONAL FORUM OF THE QURANIC BOTANIC GARDENISLAMIC PERSPECTIVES ON ECOSYSTEM MANAGEMENT

    22 - 24 2014

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    ISBN: 978/9927/4050/2/0

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    Edition No. 1, 2015

  • PROCEEDINGS OF THE SECOND INTERNATIONAL FORUM OF THE QURANIC BOTANIC GARDENISLAMIC PERSPECTIVES ON ECOSYSTEM MANAGEMENT

    EDITORS PIETER WIT & MOHAMED M. HASSONA REVISED BY FATIMA BINT SALEH AL-KHULAIFI

    THE SECOND INTERNATIONAL FORUM OF THE QURANIC BOTANIC GARDENISLAMIC PERSPECTIVES ON ECOSYSTEM MANAGEMENT

    Organized by:Quranic Botanic Garden, member of Qatar Foundation for Education, Science and Community Development, in collaboration with Commission on Ecosystem Management of International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN)22nd - 24th April, 2014Doha, Qatar

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    Foreword

    FORUMS BRIEF

    LECTURE 1: CONSERVATION OF THE ENVIRONMENT IN ISLAM Dr Zaghloul El-Naggar

    Lecture 2: MUGHAL GARDENS: THE EPITOME OF ISLAMIC VISION OF CONNECTING PEOPLE WITH ENVIRONMENT THROUGH EX SITU CONSERVATIONDr Sanjay Deshmukh

    Lecture 3: CONSERVATION VALUES AND ECOLOGICAL ETHICS IN THE HOLY BIBLEDr Lytton John Musselman

    Lecture 4: REFLECTIONS ON CULTURAL AND SPIRITUAL VALUES, TRADITIONS AND CUSTOMS IN CONSERVATIONDr Gonzalo Oviedo

    Lecture 5: MANGROVE ECOSYSTEMS AND DISTRIBUTION IN THE ARABIC REGION: INSTRUMENT FOR FACING EROSION AND CLIMATE CHANGE ALONG ARABIC COASTAL AREASDr Hany El Shaer

    Lecture 6: INSPIRATION IN A BUSINESS MODEL FOR ECOSYSTEM RESTORATION: FOUR RETURNS FROM LANDSCAPE RESTORATIONMr. Willem Ferwerda

    Lecture 7: A CASE STUDY FROM NORTH AMERICA: PUBLIC-PRIVATE COLLABORATION IN MANAGEMENT OF WALLOWA WHITMAN NATIONAL FORESTDr Stephen R. Edward

    Lecture 8: MYTHICAL DISTRIBUTION OF PLANTS, ANIMALS AND TRIBES IN THE COLOMBIAN AMAZONMr. Carlos Alberto Rodrguez | Mrs. Maria Clara Van der Hammen

    Lecture 9: ROLE OF BOTANIC GARDENS IN THE CONSERVATION OF PLANTS OF HISTORICAL AND CULTURAL IMPORTANCEDr Shahina A Ghazanfar

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    CONTENTS

    Title: PROCEEDINGS OF THE SECOND INTERNATIONAL FORUM OF THE QURANIC BOTANIC GARDEN Islamic Perspectives on Ecosystem Management

    Edited by: Dr Pieter Wit, Chair, Commission on Ecosystem Management, International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN).

    Mr. Mohamed M. Hassona, Horticulturist, Quranic Botanic Garden, Qatar Foundation for Education, Science and Community Development (QF).

    Revised by: Ms. Fatima bint Saleh Al-Khulaifi, Project Manager of Quranic Botanic Garden, Qatar Foundation for Education, Science and Community Development

    With contribution of: Mr. Ahmed E. El-Gharib, Assistant Researcher, Quranic Botanic

    Garden, Qatar Foundation for Education, Science and Community Development (QF).

    Dr Edmund Barrow, Director, Global Ecosystems Management Programme, International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN)

    Dr Said A. Damhoureyeh, Associate Professor of Plant Ecology, Department of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Science, University of Jordan.

    Dr Stephen R. Edwards, Commission on Ecosystem Management, International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN).

    Published in 2015 by the Quranic Botanic Garden, Member of Qatar Foundation for Education, Science and Community Development, Doha, Qatar.

    Edition No. 1, 2015

    Legal Deposit No: 95/2015ISBN: 978/9927/4050/2/0

    All Rights Reserved 2015 Quranic Botanic Garden, Doha, QatarNo part of the material protected by this copyright notice may be reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording or by any information storage and retrieval system, without written permission from the copyright owner.

    DisclaimerThe designations employed and the presentation of the material in this publication do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Quranic Botanic Garden. The named authors alone are responsible for the views expressed in this publication.

    Quranic Botanic GardenMember of Qatar Foundation for Education, Science and Community DevelopmentP.O. Box: 5825, Doha QatarPhone: +974 44548301 Fax: +974 44548304Email: [email protected]

    Designed and printed by Digital Print House (DPH) - QF Publishing Center (QFPC)

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    A Poetic Rendering of Islamic Principles, Values and Ethics Promoting Plant and Ecosystem ConservationMrs. Diana Woodcock

    CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS

    SPEAKERS LIST

    FORUM GALLERY

    LECTURES IN ARABICCONSERVATION OF THE ENVIRONMENT IN ISLAM Dr Zaghloul R. M. El-Naggar

    ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION LEGISLATIONS IN ISLAM Dr Ali Al-Qaradaghi

    HISTORY OF BOTANIC GARDENS IN EGYPT FROM ANCIENT EGYPTIANS GARDEN TO MODERN BOTANIC GARDEN Dr Hesham El-Tayeb

    THE ROLE OF BOTANIC GARDENS IN ENVIRONMENTAL AWARENESS, NATURAL HISTORY & BOTANICAL MUSEUM IN SHARJAH A CASE STUDY Mrs. Shamsa Mohamed Al-Ketbi

    WILD PLANTS AND TRADITIONAL KNOWLEDGE: WITH AN ANALYSIS OF MODELS OF FLORA PLANTS MENTIONED IN THE QURANDr Kaltham Ali Al-Ghanim

    Lecture 10: CONTEMPORARY CHALLENGES FOR BOTANIC GARDENS IN EDUCATION, ENVIRONMENTAL AWARENESS-BUILDING, AND PLANT CONSERVATION ACTIONDr Peter Wyse Jackson

    Lecture 11: THE VARIOUS ROLES OF BOTANICAL GARDENS IN THE CONSERVATION OF BIODIVERSITY THE BOTANICAL GARDENS OF BONN UNIVERSITY AS AN EXAMPLEDr Maximilian Weigend | Dr Wolfram Lobin

    Lecture 12: THE IMPORTANCE OF TREES AND FORESTS FOR FAITH BASED GROUPS AND SPIRITUAL TRADITIONS ACROSS THE GLOBE Dr Edmund Barrow

    Lecture 13: SPIRITUAL VALUES IN CONSERVATION-A CASE STUDY FROM MONGOLIA Dr Piet Wit

    Lecture 14: MANAGEMENT OF LANDSCAPES OF SPIRITUAL IMPORTANCE FOR DIFFERENT FAITH GROUPS: BEST PRACTICES AND SOURCES OF INSPIRATION Mr. Josep-Maria Mallarach

    Lecture 15: ACCESSING KNOWLEDGE AND LESSONS LEARNED: A GLOBAL NETWORK OF SPECIALISTS. COMMISSION ON ECOSYSTEM MANAGEMENT- IUCN Dr Angela Andrade

    Lecture 16: SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN ISLAM Dr Iyad Abumoghli

    Lecture 17: A WHOLE-SYSTEMS APPROACH AT THE ROYAL BOTANIC GARDENHRH Princess Basma bint Ali

    Lecture 18: CONSERVATION, ECOLOGICAL RESTORATION AND PARTICIPATION THE CHANGING ROLES OF BOTANIC GARDENSDr Sara Oldfield

    Lecture 19: THE QURANIC BOTANIC GARDEN; A GATE FOR AN EFFICIENT FRAMEWORK, GARDENS CONCEPTMs. Fatima bint Saleh Al-Khualaifi

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  • And the earth - We have spread it and cast therein firmly set mountains and caused to grow therein [something] of every well-balanced thing. And We have made for you therein means of living and [for] those for whom you are not providers.

    Sura Al-Hijr, verses 19 20 the Holy Quran

    IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, THE MOST GRACIOUS, A MOST MERCIFUL

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    entire humanity. Humans should exhibit virtuous values and sublime morals when dealing with their surroundings of solids or plants and should not destroy the inte-grated relationship between these entities. Allah, the Most Sublime, says [Indeed, in the creation of the heavens and earth, and the alternation of the night and the day, and the [great] ships which sail through the sea with that which benefits people, and what Allah has sent down from the heavens of rain, giving life thereby to the earth after its lifelessness and dispersing therein every [kind of] moving creature, and [His] directing of the winds and the clouds controlled between the heaven and the earth are signs for a people who use reason. [Al-Baqara - 164] shows how delicate the sys-tem linking these entities and nature is.

    This book contains a number of papers and research works which were discussed during the Forum on Islam and environmental conservation, Islamic values and principles, and the perspective of Abrahamic religions on ecosystems conservation. The book shows examples from different ecosystems and explores the opportunities and challenges of managing them. It also contains a number of papers on the sus-tainable management of botanic gardens, in addition to the traditional knowledge and its role in ecosystem management. The book also includes academic papers by a number of local agencies and regional and international organizations, which show their plans and perspectives on the management and support of ecosystems and bo-tanic gardens.

    Finally, I would like to extend my sincerest thanks and appreciation to the QBG team and CEM for organizing this forum and preparation of this book which enriches the global library in ecosystems and botanic gardens alike.

    The last of our prayer is: Praise be to Allah.

    Fatima bint Saleh Al Khulaifi Chairperson of the Forum Project Manager of Quranic Botanic Garden Qatar Foundation for Education, Science and Community Development

    In the name of Allah, the Most Meciful, the Most Gracious

    Prais