Development of value added product from Banana Pseudostem

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  • Navsari Agricultural University, Navsari

    NAVSARI AGRICULTURAL UNIVERSITY

    Central Institute for

    Research on Cotton

    Technology, Mumbai

    Manmade Textile

    Research Association,

    Surat

    MANTRA

    JK Paper, Ltd.,

    Songadh

    Creating lasting impressions

    PAPER

    March, 2011

    DEVELOPMENT OF VALUE ADDED PRODUCTS

    FROM BANANA PSEUDOSTEM

    (An Overview of Progress)

    National Agricultural Innovation Project

    (Component 2)

  • STATUS OF BANANA PSEUDOSTEM BEFORE NAIP

  • NAIP Team

    NAU, Navsari

    Dr. R. G. Patil (CPI)

    Dr. B. N. Kolambe (CoPI)

    Shri. S. L. Pawar Dr. J. M. Patel

    Dr. D. R. Prajapati Er. N. G. Savani

    Shri. Vijay Anand Shri. K. K. Patel

    Dr. C. S. Desai Shri. H. B. Vaidya

    Shri. P. S. Patel Hardik Shah

    CIRCOT, Mumbai MANTRA, Surat

    J. K. PAPER Ltd., Songadh

    Dr. A. J. Shaikh Dr. S. K. Basu

    Dr. R. P. Nachane (CCPI) Shri. M. K. Parikh

    Mrs. Manisha Kurhade Dr. S. R. Naik (CCPI)

    Shri. Radhamohan (CCPI)

    Shri. Sanjay Chechi

    Shri. Kamlesh Patel

    National Agricultural Innovation Project

    (Component 2)

    DEVELOPMENT OF VALUE ADDED PRODUCTS

    FROM BANANA PSEUDOSTEM

    (An Overview of Progress)

  • Dr. P. Rethinam, Retd. Chairman,

    Coconut Development Board, Kochi

    Dr. R. S. Gandhi, Retd. Director,

    MANTRA, Surat

    Dr. M. M. Mustaffa, Director

    National Research Centre for Banana, Trichy

    Shri. Arvindbhai K. Naik, Progressive farmer,

    Padgha (Navsari)

    Shri. Ashwinbhai B. Patel, Chairman,

    Banana Cooperative, Kamrej (Surat)

    Shri. Deepakbhai S. Patel, Chairman

    Fruit & Vegetable Growers Cooperative, Bardoli (Surat)

    Shri. Dinesh Zaveri, Industrialist

    Palsana (Surat)

    Smt. Deepaben T. Patel, Women SHG,

    Athwa road, Surat

    Dr. R. K. Goyal, National Coordinator (Compt. 2)

    NAIP, New Delhi

    Dr. A. R. Pathak, Hon. Vice Chancellor

    Navsari Agricultural University, Navsari

    Dr. R. G. Patil (CPI)/ Dr. B. N. Kolambe (CoPI)

    Navsari Agricultural University, Navsari

    Chairman

    Member

    Member

    Member

    Member

    Member

    Member

    Member

    Member

    Member

    Member

    Secretary

    Consortium Advisory Committee

  • PREFACE

    Place : Navsari (A. R. Pathak)

    March, 2011 Vice Chancellor

    The Vice Chancellor

    Navsari Agricultural University,

    Navsari - 396450 (Gujarat)

    Banana is one of the important fruit crops grown almost in every

    state of India (7.1 lakh ha). Apart from fruit, it generates huge quantity of

    biomass as waste in the form of pseudostem, leaves, suckers etc., of these,

    on an average about 60 to 80 t/ha is pseudostem alone. Presently, the

    banana pseudostem is absolute waste in most of the states of India. In

    order to develop value added products exclusively from banana

    pseudostem on large scale, a project entitled, A Value Chain on Utilization

    of Banana Pseudostem for Fibre and Other Value Added Products was

    sanctioned during June 2008 under World Bank funded - NAIP

    (Component II), ICAR, New Delhi in consortium mode with Navsari

    Agricultural University , Navsari (Gujarat) as lead centre and Central

    Institute for Research on Cotton Technology (ICAR), Mumbai

    (Maharashtra), Manmade Textile Research Association, Surat (Gujarat) and

    J. K. Paper Mills Ltd., Songadh (Gujarat) as partners.

    The value added products viz., fibre, yarn, fabrics, MCC,

    vermicompost, liquid fertilizer, quality papers, candy and pickles

    developed/ prepared using banana pseudostem under this project is

    culmination of the dedicated team efforts put in by the scientists of the

    consortium. I am happy to note that good beginning has been made in

    developing variety of value added products using pseudostem and hope

    that the information generated will be of immense help to the farmers,

    entrepreneurs, planners, scientists etc. It gives me an immense pleasure in

    commending the efforts put in by the team of scientists actively involved

    in this consortium for developing products from banana pseudostem and

    bringing out this publication on the occasion of Workshop-cum-Training

    Programme on Potential Value Added Products from Banana

    Pseudostem.

  • Navsari Agricultural University

    INDEX

    Title

    INTRODUCTION

    PSEUDOSTEM PROCESSING

    FIBRE BASED PRODUCTS

    SCUTHER BASED PRODUCTS

    SAP

    CENTRAL CORE

    TRANSFER OF TECHNOLOGY

    2.1 Fibre extraction

    Economics of fibre extraction

    3.1 Fabric

    3.2 Quality grade papers

    3.3 Handmade paper and board

    3.4 Handicrafts

    3.5 Microcrystalline cellulose (MCC)

    4.1 Vermicompost

    4.1.1 As organic

    4.1.2 As a fish feed

    4.2 Particle board

    5.1 Enriched sap

    5.1.1 As liquid fertilizer

    5.1.2 Nutrient spray solution

    5.2 As mordant

    6.1 Candy

    6.2 Ready to serve drink

    6.3 Pickle

    7.1 Documentation and dissemination

    7.2 Field demonstration

    7.3 Trainings and visits

    2.2

    No.

    1

    2

    3

    4

    5

    6

    7

    Page No.

    1

    2

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  • 1. INTRODUCTION

    In India, about 7.1 lakh ha area is under banana crop with the total

    fruit production of 26.2 million MT contributing 14.7 per cent of global

    the technological development in banana cultivation, its productivity is

    also showing rising trend (Fig. 1). Apart from fruit, banana crop also

    generate huge quantity of biomass in the form of pseudostem, leaves,

    suckers etc. At present, this biomass particularly pseudostem is

    absolute waste in most of the states of India and Gujarat is not an

    exception to this practice. Not only this, but for disposing pseudostem

    presently farmers are spending about Rs. 8000 to 10000/ha. Disposal of

    pseudostem in a routine ways i.e., dumping on field bunds and burning,

    disposing in nalla/natural drains etc. causing environmental problems.

    The baseline survey conducted in Gujarat covering 53 banana growers

    during 2008-09 revealed that 33 per cent are either composting the

    pseudostem or chopping and incorporating it into soil while rest of the

    farmers are disposing it either on field bunds or in nallas. Among the

    farmers interviewed, no one knew about preparing any value added

    Anonymous (2009) Indian Horti. Data Base, NHB, New Delhi.

    production, (Anon.,

    2009). In India, the

    area under banana is

    increasing steadily

    (Fig. 1) because of

    higher return as

    compared to other

    crops. Similarly, with

    Fig. 1 : Area and production trend of banana in India

    Area (lakh ha)

    Production (million tonnes)

    Are

    a8.0

    7.0

    6.0

    5.0

    4.0

    3.0

    2.0

    1.0

    0.0

    30.0

    25.0

    20.0

    15.0

    10.0

    5.0

    0.0

    7.8

    14.213.3

    13.916.7

    18.9

    21.0

    23.8

    26.2

    1991-92 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 2008-09

    Year

    3.84.7 4.8 5.0

    5.9 5.7 6.06.6

    7.1

    Pro

    du

    ction

    1

  • products from it. Further, at national level work related to developing

    value added products from banana pseudostem is mostly restricted to

    fibre extraction and products like handicrafts, hand woven fabrics, paper

    products etc, are prepared on a small scale. With the sizable area under

    banana (0.61 lakh ha) along with excellent network of banana

    cooperatives in Gujarat, it was thought to develop variety of value added

    products from banana pseudostem. In this context, a World Bank funded

    project entitled, A Value Chain on Utilization of Banana Pseudostem for

    Fibre and Other Value Added Products was sanctioned by NAIP (ICAR)

    under Component 2 in consortium mode with Navsari Agricultural

    University, Navsari as lead centre and Central Institute of Research on

    Cotton Technology (CIRCOT, Mumbai), Manmade Textile Research

    Association (MANTRA, Surat) and JK Paper Ltd. (Songadh) as consortium

    partners with the following objectives.

    - Standardize processes for extracting textile grade fibres

    from pseudostem and prepare home furnishings

    - Standardize processes of pulp and paper making from

    pseudostem, fibres and scutching waste both at hand made

    and industrial levels

    - Develop value added edible products from central core

    - Preparation and evaluation of enriched sap and scutching

    waste based vermicompost

    - Develop linkage for marketing of pseudostem based

    products

    After harvesting of fruits and leaves, pseudostem is cut near to

    the ground level. On an average, the yield of pseudostem ranges from 60

    to 80 t/ha. Presently, fibre extraction from pseudostem is being done

    mostly by hand extraction in villages of Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Karnataka,

    2. PSEUDOSTEM PROCESSING

    2

  • Andhra Pradesh and Maharashtra. The major

    drawback of this method is extremely poor

    fibre output (0.5 kg/day/man). In order to

    mechanize the f ibre extraction