Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design ( · PDF fileCrime Prevention Through...

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  • Prepare to Learn Learn to Prepare

    Kim Vann Fred Ellis

    Henric o County Polic e Division Fa irfax County

    Pub lic Sc hools

    C rim e Pre ve ntion Throug h

    Environm e nta l De sig n (C PTED) for

    Sc hools

    http://vefp.org/home

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    CPTED Definition

    CPTED is based on the theory that the proper design and effective use of the built environment can lead to a reduction in the incidence and fear of crime and an improvement in the quality of life.

    - Strategies are site specific

    - Can be applied to new and

    existing projects

    - Takes an inter-disciplinary

    approach to crime prevention

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    CPTED Emphasizes

    Physical environment Behavior of people

    Productive use of space Crime & loss prevention

    CPTED draws from

    several fields in order

    to derive solutions to

    crime problems. Psychology

    Sociology

    Criminology

    Architecture

    CPTED

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    Concepts of

    Crime

    Prevention

    Through

    Environmental

    Design

    Activity

    Support

    Natural

    Access

    Control

    Territorial

    Reinforcement

    Natural

    Surveillance

    Maintenance

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    Natural Surveillance

    The placement of physical features, activities and people in such a way as to maximize visibility.

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    Natural Surveillance

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    Natural Surveillance

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    Natural Access Control

    The physical guidance of people

    coming and going from a space by

    the judicial placement of

    entrances, exits, fencing,

    landscaping and lighting.

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    Natural Access Control

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    Lucille

    Brown

    Middle

    School

    Natural Access Control

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    Territorial Reinforcement The use of physical attributes that express ownership such

    as fencing, pavement treatments, signage and landscaping.

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    Territorial Reinforcement

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    Territorial Reinforcement

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    Maintenance

    Allows for the continued use of a space for its intended purpose. Serves as an additional expression of ownership.

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    Maintenance - Activity Support

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    Efforts in Virginia

    Zoning Enabling Legislation

    Zoning 15.2-489 (Virginia)

    . . .such ordinances shall be designed to give considerable consideration to each

    of the following purposes where applicable: (i.) to provide for adequate

    light, air, convenience of access, and safety from fire, flood, crime and other dangers;

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    National Efforts in Safer Designs

    American Planning Association

    Policy Guide on Security

    National Fire Protection Association

    NFPA 730 Guide for Premises Security

    American Society of Landscape Architects

    Security Design (white paper)

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    Security Design IssuesApproach

    Perimeter

    Fenc ing

    Property entranc es

    Door numbers

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    Security Design IssuesAccess Control

    Build ing perimeter doors

    Proximity c a rds

    Video interc om

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    Security Design IssuesVideo

    CCTV

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    Security Design IssuesIntrusion Detection

    Intrusion a la rm c omponents

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    Security Design IssuesAccess to Assets

    Roof ac c ess

    HVAC

    ac c ess

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    Security Design Issues--Communication

    Rad io amp lific a tion systems

    Hard line phones, PA & bac kup ana log

    phone

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    Security Design IssuesInterior

    Initia l routinginto front

    offic e

    Classroom doors

    Classroom func tion loc kset

    Proprieta ry keyway

    Trad itiona lkeep loc ked

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    Questions?

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    Kimberly L. Vann

    County Planner III CPTED

    Crime Prevention Specialist

    Henrico County Police Division

    P.O. Box 90775

    Henrico, VA 23273-0775

    804.501.5370

    van06@co.henrico.va.us

    l

    C rim e Pre ve ntion Throug h

    Environm e nta l De sig n (C PTED) for

    Sc hools

    Frederick E. Ellis

    Director, Office of Safety & Security

    Fairfax County Public Schools

    8115 Gatehouse Road

    Suite 3674

    Falls Church, VA 22042

    571-423-2010

    fred.ellis@fcps.edu

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