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  • The Wagner Companies is a Registered Provider with the American Institute of Architects Continuing Education Systems. Credit earned on completion of this program will be reported to CES Records for AIA members. Certificates of Completion for non-AIA members are available upon request.

    This program is registered with AIA/CES for continuing professional education. As such, it does not include content that may be deemed or construed to be an approval or endorsement by the AIA of any material of construction or any method or manner of handling, using, distributing, or dealing in any material or product. Questions related to specific materials, methods, and services will be addressed at the conclusion of this presentation.

  • Copyright MaterialsThis presentation is protected by US and International copyright laws. Reproduction, distribution, display and use of the presentation without written permission is prohibited.

    The Wagner Companies 2017

  • Learning ObjectivesContemporary Railing SystemsPost Mounted Systems

    Cable Railing

    Structural Glass Railing

    Adding Illumination

  • Learning ObjectivesCode and Safety IssuesAccessibility

    Code Requirements

    Structural and Testing Criteria

    Sustainability and LEED

  • Post Systems

    Post TypesSquare (Tubing)Round (Pipe/Tube)Flat Bar (Solid)Custom Designs

  • Post Selection

    SizePipe vs. TubeThicknessPost SpacingAttachment to substrate

  • Attachment to Substrate

    Surface MountFascia MountEmbedded Mount

    Core Drilled

    Anchor Sleeves

  • Brass and Stainless Tube RailingPopular in HospitalityRound Tube/Thin WallSimple ComponentsEasy to AssembleNot recommended for structural applications

  • Pipe RailingsAluminum, Red Brass, Stainless Steel and Steel

    Heavy WallRecommended for structural applications

    Components or welded assembly

    Multiple infill design and mounting options

  • Infill Options Glass


    Vertical Pickets/Balusters

    Horizontal Rails

    Woven Wire

    Perforated Panels

  • Uses Vertical PostsRound TubeSquare TubeFlat BarCustom Designs


    Glass Panel Railing

  • Uses Vertical Posts

    Glass Panels inserted between posts using glass mounting hardware

    Very good sightlines

    Typical Glass size: 3/8 to Tempered/laminated is now required

    when above a walking surface.

    Provide holes/slots in glass


    Glass Panel Railing

  • 141/20/2017

  • Uses Vertical PostsTypical cable size: 3/16Range: 1/8 to 3/8

    Stainless Steel cable and fittings

    Very good sightlines


    Cable Railing

  • This


    Cable Railing

    Not This

  • Climbability restrictions are not in in any current model code.

    However, local jurisdictions may limit the use of horizontal cable railing.


    Vertical Cable Railing

  • A guard may not have an opening through which a 4 sphere can pass.

    Cable must be:

    Properly tensioned

    Spaced at 3 clear between cables

    Supported as required by manufacturer


    Opening Limitations

  • 1/20/2017 19

    Woven Wire Infill

  • 1/20/2017 20

    Horizontal Mid Rails

    For handrailor OSHA applications onlyNot suitable for guards

  • 1/20/2017 21

    Horizontal Bars

    Not recommendedSubject to bending and stress, very unforgiving relative to cable rails

    Use cable instead

  • Glass Railing

    Dry GlazeWet Glaze

  • Glass Shoe Mount Detail

    1/20/2017 23

  • Typical Assembly

    1/20/2017 24

    No Vertical Posts Tempered Glass is the structural


    Note: 2015 IBC requires laminated

    Will meet load requirements when properly installed and specified

    May be Wet or Dry Glazed

    Excellent sightlines

  • Uses Standard Base Shoe

    Wet Glaze Options Quick Setting Expansion Cement (gypsum based)

    Do not use Portland based cements with laminated glass.


    Do not use epoxy fillers

    Best suited for exterior applications and curved railings


    Wet Glaze Solution

  • 261/20/2017

    Dry Glaze Solution

  • 271/20/2017

    Dry Glaze Solution

    80% labor savings Lighter weight

    No special tools No mess

  • Lighted Railing

    LowVoltage LEDs incorporated into railing to illuminate walkways and stairs. Linear light sticks or pods

    Handrail or Guard applications

    Improve safety or provide accent

    Remote or Integral Power Supply

    Emergency Lighting Option

  • Pods (Point Source)

    Available in symmetric and asymmetric throw patterns

    Optional Color TemperaturesMay be retrofit into existing railings

    May be used in curved railingsDramatic Architectural Illumination

  • Alloy Selection


    Stainless SteelType 304, 316 or 316L

    1/20/2017 32

    Aluminum6063 or 6061

    Copper AlloysC230 Yellow Brass, C385 Architectural Bronze

  • Anti-Microbial Properties of Copper

    1/20/2017 33

    Stainless Steel6 vs. 24 hours

    Copper Alloy1 vs. 6 hours

    Minimum 70% Copper

  • Code Bodies and Standards International Code Council (ICC)

    International Residential Code (IRC)

    International Building Code (IBC)

    National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) NFPA 101

    NFPA 5000

    Accessibility ANSI-A117.1 Accessible and Usable Buildings and Facilities

    Americans with Disabilities Act Accessibility Guidelines (ADAAG)

    Architectural Barriers Act (ABA)

  • International Code Council

    Created one uniform building code by combining:Building Officials Code Administrators International (BOCA) National Building Code (NBC)

    Southern Building Code Congress International (SBCCI) Southern Building Code (SBC)

    International Conference of Building Officials (ICBO) Uniform Building Code (UBC)

  • The I Codes The International Building Code (IBC) and International Residential Code


    First published in 2000 and most recent is 2012 3 year cycle

    The IBC and IRC publish model codes that are then adopted or modified by code bodies and local jurisdictions

    Anyone can submit a code change

  • National Fire Protection Association Known for NFPA 101 and NFPA 1

    Released NFPA 5000 Building Construction and Safety Code

    Fire inspectors, firefighters and government agencies

    NFPA 5000 did not gain general acceptance. However, some elements of NFPA 5000 have been pulled into NFPA101

    Lighting Level Standards : Means of Egress, Emergency

  • NFPA Lighting Code Requirements Means of Egress

    (1)During conditions of stair use, the minimum illumination for new stairs should be at least 10 ft-candle, measured at the walking surfaces.

    (2)The minimum illumination for floors and other walking surfaces, other than new stairs during conditions of stair use, should be to values of at least 1.0 ft-candle, measured at the floor.

  • ANSI A117.1 2009 and ICC

    Accessible and Usable Buildings and Facilities

    Now overseen by ICCPublished on a five year cycle1986 standard had incorrect handrail dimension 1-1/4 to 1-1/2 OD with a 1-1/2 clearance between wall and rail.

  • Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA)

    Signed into law in July 1990

    Civil Rights Law -- prohibits discrimination on the basis of disability

    Applies to facilities in the private sector -- places of public accommodation and commercial facilities -- and to state and local government facilities.

    Overseen by the Access Board

    Standards issued by the Department of Justice (DOJ)

  • Americans with Disabilities Act Accessibility Guidelines (ADAAG)

    Created in 1991; revised in 1994; updated in 2004

    Originally based on 1986 ANSI A117 which had incorrect dimensions for handrail 1 to 1 OD

    1 absolute between wall and handrail

    Clarification of acceptability of pipe sizes (1.66 and 1.90) published in July 1998.

    New ADA approved July 23, 2010

  • 2010 ADA Standards for Accessible Design (ADASAD)

    Went into effect on March 15, 2011Compliance was permitted as of September 15, 2010 but not required until March 15, 2012.

    States can be more stringentFlorida, California and Texas updated

  • Ramps

    Clear Width The clear width of a ramp run and, where handrails are provided, the clear width between handrails shall be 36 minimum.

  • Handrail

    To provide guidance

    Required on stairs with 2 or more risers and ADA ramps with a rise of 6 inches Handrails are not required on walking surfaces with

    running slopes less than 1:20

    Intermediate Rails: All portions of an egress path must be within 30 inches

    of a handrail

    On both sides of stairs and ramps.

  • Handrail Placed between 34 inches and 38 inches

    For children, the 2010 ADASAD recommends a maximum height of 28 inches with a minimum of 9 inches of clearance between the childs rail and the adult rail (not required).

  • Handrail Size Limitations

    1 inch to 2 inch diameter

    Or provide Equivalent graspability Handrail gripping surfaces with a non-

    circular cross section shall have a perimeter dimension of 4 inches (100 mm) minimum an