Consumerism - Why Consumer is King

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Transcript of Consumerism - Why Consumer is King


2. Who is a Consumer ? A customer (also known as a client, buyer, or purchaser) is the recipient of a good, service, product, or idea, obtained from a seller, vendor, or supplier for a monetary or other valuable consideration. Customers are generally categorized into two types: - An intermediate customer or trade customer; who is a dealer thatpurchases goods for re-sale. - An ultimate customer; who does not in turn re-sell the things bought but either passes them to the consumer or actually is the consumer. A customer may or may not also be a consumer, but the two notions are distinct. A customer purchases goods; a consumer uses them. 3. For the purpose of "goods", a consumer means a person belonging to the following categories: - One who buys or agrees to buy any goods for a consideration which has been paid or promised or partly paid. - It includes any user of such goods other than the person who actually buys goods. For the purpose of "services", a consumer means a person belonging to the following categories: - One who hires or avails of any service for a consideration which has been paid or partly paid. - It includes any beneficiary of such service other than the one who actually hires or avails of the service for consideration. 4. Consumerism: Consumerism refers to wide range of activities of government , business and independent organizations designed to protect rights of the consumers. It is a process through which the consumers seek redress(to set right) , restitution and remedy for their dissatisfaction and frustration. This term is used to refer to the consumerists movement or consumer protection act, which seeks to protect and inform consumers by requiring such practices as: - Honest packaging and advertising - Product guarantees - Improved safety standards 5. It is a movement or a set of policies aimed at regulating the products, services, methods, and standards of manufacturers, sellers, and advertisers in the interests of the buyer. The consumer is exposed to many hazardous-physical, environmental and exploitation due to unfair trade practices. He needs protection, for instance, against products which are unsafe for consumption and products which may cause badly injury. He needs protection against mal-practices and deceit by sellers. He should have adequate rights and right of recourse to redressal measures against defaulting businessmen. 6. Need for Consumerism: In India the existing markets of products run in shortage , adulteration & black market prices. The profit making attitude of the business failed to discharge social responsibilities of maintaining fair price, quality of goods & providing services etc. For example: - Tooth paste tube filled with air. - Adulteration in Pure ghee etc. To over come from that type of problem consumerism originate. 7. Components of Consumerism : Consumer must be aware of his rights, raise voice against exploitation and seek redressal of his grievances. Consumers' consciousness determines the effectiveness of consumerism. It is the duty of the consumer to identify his rights and to protect them. Voluntary Consumer Organizations engaged in organizing consumers and encouraging them to safeguard their interests is another important element of consumer movement . The success of consumerism lies in the realization of the business that there is no substitute for voluntary self-regulations. 8. Objectives of Consumerism: To educate the consumers about their rights. To ensure fair trade practices and provide complete information to the consumers. To build the confidence of Multinational companies for investing in developing countries. To ensure cooperation between government and producers. To enforce the rights of people as consumers against exploitation like poor quality, over charging etc. 9. Problems faced by Consumer: - Some problems of consumers exploitation Pricing. Adulteration. Duplication. Artificial demand. Ignore standard. Advertising. Product risk. Warranty and Services. 10. Consumer Protection Acts in India : - To protect the consumers from various exploitations, injuries and harm, the Government of India has made many Acts, for this purpose. These are as follows : Consumer Protection Act, 1986. - Replacement of defective goods, Repair or removal of defects. Sale of Goods Act, 1930. - Sale, purchase transactions, Mode of payment, Rights of buyers Drugs & Cosmetics Act, 1940. - Enhances penalties for certain offences related to spurious andadulterated drugs. 11. Prevention of Food Adulteration Act, 1954. - Duplicate food items piracy avoidance. MRTP (Monopolies & Restrictive Trade Practices) Act, 1969. - Checks the misuse of monopoly powers. Agriculture Produce Act, 1937. - Agriculture products must be sealed with Agmark. Essential Commodities Act,1955. - Control of the production, supply and distribution of, and trade andcommerce in certain, commodities. 12. Rights of a Consumer : 13. - As Under section-6 of Consumer Protection Act, consumer has the following rights: Right to Safety: It is Right to safety against such goods and services as are hazards to health, life and property of the consumer. Right to be Informed/ Right to Representation: Consumer has also the right that he should be provided all those information on the basis of which he decides to buy goods or services. Right to Choose: Consumer has the full right to buy good or services of his choice from among the different goods or services available in the market. 14. Right to be Heard: Consumer has the right that his complaint be heard. Under this Right the consumer can file complaint against all those things which prejudicial to his interest. Right to Seek redress: This provides compensation to consumer against unfair trade practice of the seller. Right to Consumer education: Consumer education refers to educate the consumer constantly with regards to their rights and awareness of the loss they suffer 15. Consumer Responsibilities : - Consumer Responsibilities means, that the consumer should keep a few things in mind while purchasing or using any good or service. They are as follows: Consumer should exercise his right: Consumers have many rights with regard to the goods and services. They must be aware of their rights while buying. Cautious consumer/ Do not buy blindly: The consumers should make full use of their reason while buying things. They should not take the sellers word as final truth. It is also the responsibility of the consumers only to buy goods with the ISI, Agmark, Woolmark, FPO etc. printed on them. 16. Filing complaint for the Redressal of genuine grievances: It is the responsibility of a consumer to approach the officer concerned there is some complaint about the goods purchased. Consumer must be quality conscious/Do not compromise on quality: The consumers should never compromise on the quality of goods. Therefore, they should not buy inferior stuff out of greed for less prices. Advertisements often exaggerate/Beware of false advertisement: It is the responsibility of the consumers to recognize the truth of advertisement. Do not forget to get Receipt and Guarantee/warrantee card: One should always get a receipt or bill for the things purchased. In case a guarantee/warrantee card is also offered by seller, it should also be taken. 17. Consumerism, Driving Force Behind Business: Consumerism is one of the important aspects of business as it is related to an economic theory which helps in boosting up the consumption of goods and services among the people. Businessmen use this theory in order to create demand of their goods and services among the people. They use various methods to create demand or to increase the demands of their products or services. 18. Advertisement is one of the mediums used for the purpose of consumerism. - The main objective behind advertising is to augment consumerism in order to promote interests of the consumers. - To disseminate information in a way that they automatically feel attractive towards the particular product and service. - To retain the consumer which is possible only by giving them the worth for their money. Consumerism also involves giving greater value of their goods so that the consumers keep using that product or service for a long period of time. It is also aimed at providing services and worth for money in such a manner that they recommend these goods and services to other people as well. 19. Earlier, businessmen used to take help of only glamorous advertisements in order to increase the demands of their goods. But due to Consumerism, the consumers have become smarter, hence businessmen have to cater to the needs of the consumers in the best possible manner for running a successful business. Thus, such a phenomenon called consumerism is very important to follow in order to run a successful business. 20. Positive Effects of Consumerism: - Consumerism is appreciated , as a persons standard of living is valued by his or her material possessions. There are certain positive effects such as : More industrial production. A higher growth rate economy. More goods and services available. More advertising since goods manufactured have to be sold. Increased production will result in more employment opportunities. A variety of goods and services to choose from. More comforts for a better living style. 21. Negative Effects of Consumerism: - There are always certain pitfalls to a given situation in a society; and thus Consumerism has its negative effects on the people and society at large. These are as follows: The wants and desires of the people increase. Over-dependence on labor saving devices. Crime rate also increases as wants to possess expensive gadgets increase. Cheaper goods are imported rather than other goods, affecting the growth of locally based manufacturing industries. Consumerism has also res