Conservation and breeding of Red Panda in Sikkim and Darjeeling

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Transcript of Conservation and breeding of Red Panda in Sikkim and Darjeeling

  • Welcome

  • Conservation Breeding Program of Red Panda in Sikkim and DarjeelingPresented ByJagat Bahadur DebbarmaRange Forest OfficerDepartment of ForestsGovernment of Tripura

  • Red Panda : Biology, Distribution and Status

    Role of Zoological Parks in conservation of Red Panda

    Conservation through Breeding Programs

    Case Study

    ConclusionFlow of the Topic

  • Scientific name: Ailurus fulgens Biology: Smaller animal than giant Panda weighs 3 kgsMainly arboreal in natureGestation period - 131 days Requires 18 months to attain maturity

    Distribution: Moutainous forests with bamboo under-storeyVegetation types - Temperate montane, Sub tropical & Tropical forestsDistributed in mountainous band of Nepal, through North -East India, Bhutan and in China.

    Threats: Loss of habitat fragmentation Poaching for skins and for pet trade Predation

    Status: Schedule-I of Wildlife Protection Act,1972 Vulnerable


  • Red Panda - Ailurus fulgens

  • Global Range Map of Red Panda

  • Role of Zoological Park???1. Padmaja Naidu Himalayan Zoological Park, Darjeeling, West Bengal

    2. Himalayan Zoological Park, Gangtok, SikkimStatus of captive Red Panda population in Indian Zoo as on 31st March,2009(Srivastav et al., 2009)

    Zoological ParkMaleFemaleTotalPNHZP10313HZP718Total17421

  • Important and valuable activity used to save species from extinction.

    Effective management of captive population can leads to re-introduction of the species.

    Conservation breeding programme in India is a joint venture of in-situ and ex-situ wildlife managers.

    Chief wildlife wardens and protected area managers to identify the species

    Conservation Breeding programmes

  • Animal: Identify the species for breeding programmesIdentify the habitat of the speciesConduct the census of the targeted speciesAnalyse the habitat of the speciesTake correct measures to address the cause of decline of the wild populationSelect the localized population

    Zoo:2 to 4 zoos in habitat range of targeted species should be selected as coordinating and participatory zoo.25 founder animals should be selected.Satellite facility or off display breeding facility should be selected.

    Steps for Conservation Breeding Programmes

  • Ex-situ conservation of red panda in PNHZP DarjeelingA planned conservation breeding project was initiated in 1990

    Initially the park had 4 red pandas of wild origin in the stock

    5 more red pandas were added at different times to continue planned breeding

    Total enclosures -7

    Total animals 12(4:8)

    By 2003, there were 22 red pandas in PNHZP

    Population was therefore considered well enough to release two zoo born red panda into wild

    Two females, SWEETY and MINI were selected to release

    Case Study

  • Singalila National Park was selected for reintroduction to wild.

    Preliminary investigation of Singalila NP were collected based on secondary information.

    Floristic and faunal studies were conducted in red panda range.

    Threats assessment was conducted.

    Population census of red panda was conducted through direct and indirect methods.

    Suitability and need for the red panda into national park was analysed.

    Steps followed for Re-introductionContd

  • Area of 5 ha in Gairbas range in Singalila National Park was selected for final release.

    SWEETY and MINI, two selected female red pandas were radio collared for further monitoring.

    They were kept in soft release for 7 months after that they released to wild.

    Continuous monitoring on alternate days.

    Mini was more mobile, travelled to Nepal side and poached.

    Sweety mated with wild panda and gave birth to single cub.ContdSteps followed for Re-introduction

  • Maintenance of records on feeding behavior is followed in prescribed format.

    Regular information in captive stock sent to WII for genetic and demographic analysis.

    Updates also sent to the International Stud Book Keeper, who facilitates exchange programme.

    Analysis of genetic viability of the stock is done at CCMB Hyderabad.

    Regular health checkup was conducted.

    Population Management in Captivity

  • Present In-situ StudiesIn 2002, Red Panda Census 2 phases

    Conduct meeting & train locals for census

    Assess population number

    Assess habitat

    Further verification of population status by genetic analysis through fecal samples

    Other existing animals in Red Panda habitat

    Threat analysis

    GIS mapping of National park

  • Outcome of ProjectHelp to understand behaviour, habit & habitat of species.

    Gives baseline data for species management.

    Helps in management of National Park.

    Helps in study of vegetation communities, composition, species distribution, abundance & richness of park.

    Assessment of anthropogenic impact & vegetation mapping of park.

    Conserve flora & fauna of species habitat.

    Conservation of Red Panda helps in conservation of biodiversity.

  • ConclusionRed Panda a charismatic animal Mountainous forests with bamboo under-storey Schedule-I of WPA,1972 Vulnerable

    Threats: Loss of habitat fragmentation Poaching for skins and for pet trade Predation

    Conservation Breeding Programs (CBPs) mainly done byPadmaja Naidu Himalayan Zoological Park, Darjeeling, West BengalHimalayan Zoological Park, Gangtok, Sikkim

    CBPs helps to save species from extinction and effective management of captive population can leads to re-introduction of the species.

  • Thank you