Community-driven health assessment & improvement: A unique model of tribal collaboration in...

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  • Community-driven health assessment & improvement: A unique model of tribal collaboration in Michigan Shannon Laing, MSW a Kathy Mayo, RN b Open Forum for QI in Public Health November 2013 Memphis, TN 1 a Michigan Public Health Institute b Keweenaw Bay Indian Community Department of Health and Human Services
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  • Acknowledgements American Indian Health and Family Services Bay Mills Indian Community Hannahville Indian Community Keweenaw Bay Indian Community Little Traverse Bay Bands of Odawa Indians Lac Vieux Desert Band of Lake Superior Chippewa Saginaw Chippewa Indian Tribe 2 This work was supported by Cooperative Agreement 5U58DP003004-02 from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and an award from the National Network of Public Health Institutes. Its contents are solely the responsibility of the authors and do not necessarily represent the official views of the CDC or NNPHI. Inter-Tribal Council of Michigan (ITCM)
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  • About the Partnership ITCM Healthy Start 1993: Started receiving HRSA Healthy Start funds and began delivering coordinated tribal maternal-child health services Partnership with MPHI 2005: MPHI began working closely with ITCM and Michigan tribes on health promotion projects Capacity building 2008: MPHI partnered with ITCM Healthy Start on program and staff capacity building Enhancement 2010: MPHI applied for CDC Racial and Ethnic Approaches to Community Health: Communities Organized to Respond & Evaluate (REACH CORE) 3
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  • Healthy Native Communities, Healthy Native Babies (HNCHNB) CDC REACH CORE grant Sept 2010-Sept 2012 Required a community health assessment and community action plan MPHI subcontracted with 7 ITCM Healthy Start sites Multi-level structure and process Statewide Consortium 7 Local consortia 4
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  • 5 MPHI Grant management Reporting Training MAPP Action Planning Evidence-based strategies Technical Assistance Data Facilitation Action Planning Evaluation ITCM Training and technical assistance Lead the Statewide consortium Align HNCHNB with other efforts with shared goals Represent SC on state-level initiatives Statewide health system action plan Liaison Communities Coordinate local consortium Participate in Statewide Consortium Engage community members in state and local process Complete community health assessment Develop focused Community Action Plans
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  • Capacity Building CIRCLE: Community Involvement to Renew Commitment, Leadership, and Effectiveness 2 A model of program design and community development for indigenous people Building Relationships Building Skills Working Together Promoting Commitment 6 2 Chino, M. & DeBruyn, L. (2006)
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  • Community Capacity & Ownership Building Relationships: Compensated costs of participating in consortia Cultural sensitivity and tailoring Being present in the community Shared vision Building Skills: Training community members through all phases Roles defined by communities Shared decision-making Providing tailored, site-specific technical assistance Working Together Partnership Principles Plans reviewed and approved by consortium Using consensus Promoting Commitment Performance measures Sharing results and being accountable Continued relationship and commitment to ITCM Healthy Start and tribal health more broadly 7
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  • And the Creator gave humans the ability to have visions, to find their purpose or reasons for being here, knowing all along that people sometimes lose their wayWe all stray from the Good Path. Then we dream of better times and of a better life, for ourselves and for all who are important to us. And we live to make it real. That is what makes us human... Thomas Peacock 1 Fond du Lac Band of Lake Superior Chippewa 8
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  • Completing MAPP Mobilizing for Action through Planning and Partnerships (MAPP) 3 1.Organize for Success 2.Visioning 3.Four Assessments 4.Identify Strategic Issues 5.Formulate Goals and Strategies 6.Action Cycle Coordinator in each local site to lead MAPP Training of coordinators and local consortium members Provided resource materials and TA throughout the process 9 3 National Association of County & City Health Officials
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  • Adapting MAPP Each site defined community and their tribal public health system Modified or replaced templates and tools Modified or replaced language, terms, images, and concepts Adapted phases and components of MAPP to each sites needs Applied a maternal- child health lens to the process Honored experience, cultural values, wisdom 10
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  • Organizing for Success Formed local consortium with existing groups Defined own community by geography, population, or characteristics Tribes decided who to engage and how best to engage them Focus on only tribal versus including non- tribal partners decided by site 11
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  • Visioning Defined their own community, timeframe, and focus Large group discussion: brainstorm, check-in, dialogue, and consensus Facilitated group process to create an asset map Our community will support balance of physical, emotional, mental, and spiritual wellbeing through: Available healthy, whole, and traditional foods; Access to safe, clean, drug-free, green space to promote physical activity; A nurturing and respectful social environment, rooted in tradition, that empowers individuals to fulfill their hopes and dreams; Providing quality, comprehensive health care that is available to all. 12
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  • MAPP Assessments Grant Year Assessments CompletedTailoring Year 1 Community Health Status Assessment (CHSA) Assessed, discussed, and selected short list of indicators for use Community Themes and Strengths Assessment (CTSA) Used a variety of formal and informal methods to gather qualitative information Most adaptable and accessible to community members Year 2 Forces of Change (FOC) Local Public Health System Assessment (LPHSA) Replaced NPHPSP instrument with tribal-specific tool (PHAB Standards & Measures v. 1.0) 4 13 4 Public Health Accreditation Board (2011)
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  • Evolving discussion about root causes Compiled and reviewed assessment information in multiple phases Synthesized and organized all results into diagrams for key topic areas Facilitated consortia meetings to prioritize issues using ToP Consensus Workshop method 14 Strategic Issues
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  • Goals and Strategies Relational Worldview Model 3 Training on evidence-based and best practice strategies Local consortia brainstorm, discuss, and select strategies 16 3 Cross, T. L., Earle, K. A., Echo-Hawk Solie, H., & Manness, K. (2000)
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  • Planning for Action Each local community consortium: Prioritized their strategic issues Selected 1 - 4 issues to develop a detailed action plan Completed an action plan with timelines, responsibilities, and outcome measures MPHI supported their efforts by: Providing templates and resources Reviewing or drafting SMART objectives Conducting lit review on strategies and examples Reviewing plans and providing feedback Providing site-specific TA as requested 17
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  • Overall Challenges 18 Keeping realistic and feasible timelines Dedicated staffservices came before assessment Presenting technical public health concepts in a way that engages community members Balancing capacity building and empowerment with TA Tailoring TA to each unique community
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  • Overall Lessons Learned Priorities of the community must come first Flexibility, adaptability of process, timelines, and methods Communicating key messages continuously, using different words, approaches, and modalities Engaging community members, practitioners, and decision makers 19
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  • Overall Successes Enhanced partnerships at multiple levels Community ownership Increased staff capacity Improved understanding of health issues Increased buy-in for importance of public health strategies Mutual learning: non-Native partners increased understanding of tribal sovereignty and tribal perspectives Good public health practice Sustainability 20
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  • 21 Sustaining Momentum
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  • About KBIC PHAB Beta Test site Working toward PHAB accreditation Worked with Tribal Epi Center to strengthen their Community Health Assessment Worked with MPHI with funding from NNPHI Community Guide grant Continue working to complete a comprehensive Community Health Improvement Plan 22
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  • Our Story Keweenaw Bay Indian Community 23
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  • Preparing for CHIP Planning calls to assess capacity and decide on process Recruitment to enhance the consortium and form an advisory group Orienting advisory group to key concepts and process Staff training on evidence based strategies and The Community Guide 24
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  • 25 Review CHA results Identify underlying factors Select priorities
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  • 26 Consensus Workshop: Action areas for the CHIP
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  • 28 Meeting to review the workbook and steps Formed action planning teams for each strategic issue More recruitment of key people Team meetings to select goals, objectives, strategies Drafting action plans using workbook