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    CELL PHONE OPERATED ROBOT

    PROJECT REPORT ON

    SUBMITTED BY:

    NAME ROLL NO. Kuldeep 3 AMOL BOTIKAR 4 PRALHAD JAGTAP 1

    GUIDED BY:

    P!"#. M!. P!$%&' M$((eDepartment of Electronics and Telecommunication

    G.H.R.C.E.M. !a"#oli Pune

    U'&%e!)&(* "# Pu'e

    Academic $ear %&&'(%&&)

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    *NTROD+CT*ON

    Radio control ,often a--reiated to R/C or simpl0 RC1 is t#e use ofradio si"nals to remotel0 control a deice. T#e term is usedfre2uentl0 to refer to t#e control of model e#icles from a #and(#eld radio transmitter. *ndustrial militar0 and scienti3c researc#

    or"ani4ations ma5e 6tra7c8 use of radio(controlled e#icles as9ell.

    A remote control e#icle is de3ned as an0 mo-iledeice t#at is controlled -0 a means t#at does not restrict its

    motion 9it# an ori"in e:ternal to t#e deice. T#is is often a radiocontrol deice ca-le -et9een control and e#icle or an infraredcontroller. A remote control e#icle ,Also called as RC;1 di

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    TECHNOLOG$ +=ED

    Du$l+T"'e Mul(&+,!e-ue'* /DTM,0

    Dual(tone multi(fre2uenc0 ,DTM>1 si"nalin" isused for telecommunication si"nalin" oer analo"

    telep#one lines in t#e oice(fre2uenc0 -and -et9eentelep#one #andsets and ot#er communications deicesand t#e s9itc#in" center. T#e ersion of DTM> used for

    telep#one tone dialin" is 5no9n -0 t#e trademar5ed termTouc#(Tone ,canceled Marc# ?@ ?)'1 and is

    standardi4ed -0 *T+(T Recommendation .%@. *t is also5no9n in t#e + as M>. Ot#er multi(fre2uenc0 s0stems

    are used for si"nalin" internal to t#e telep#one net9or5.

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    T#e contemporar0 5e0pad is laid out in a @ "ridalt#ou"# t#e ori"inal DTM> 5e0pad #ad an additional column for fourno9(defunct menu selector 5e0s. !#en used to dial a telep#onenum-er pressin" a sin"le 5e0 9ill produce a pitc# consistin" of t9osimultaneous pure tone sinusoidal fre2uencies. T#e ro9 in 9#ic# t#e5e0 appears determines t#e low fre2uenc0 and t#e columndetermines t#e highfre2uenc0. >or e:ample pressin" t#e F?F 5e0 9illresult in a sound composed of -ot# a ) and a ?%&) #ert4 ,H41 tone.

    T#e ori"inal 5e0pads #ad leers inside so eac# -utton actiated t9ocontacts. T#e multiple tones are t#e reason for callin" t#e s0stemmultifre2uenc0. T#ese tones are t#en decoded -0 t#e s9itc#in"center to determine 9#ic# 5e0 9as pressed.

    A DTM> Telep#one e0pad

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    DTM> E$PAD >RE+ENC*E=

    1209 Hz 1336 Hz 1477 Hz 1633 Hz

    2 H ? % @ A

    5 H I B

    67 H ' ) C

    241 H J & K D

    T"'e) 89 9 A9 B9 C9 $'d DT#e en"ineers #ad enisioned p#ones -ein" used to

    access computers and sure0ed a num-er of companies to see9#at t#e0 9ould need for t#is role. T#is led to t#e addition of t#e

    num-er si"n ,K sometimes called Foctot#orpeF in t#is conte:t1and asteris5 or star ,J1 5e0s as 9ell as a "roup of 5e0s formenu selection A B C and D. *n t#e end t#e lettered 5e0s 9eredropped from most p#ones and it 9as man0 0ears -efore t#ese5e0s -ecame 9idel0 used for ertical serice codes suc# as J

    in t#e +nited =tates and Canada to suppress caller *D.

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    BLOC D*AGRAMCELL PHONE

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    ;ALUE

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    CIRCUIT DIAGRAM

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    PCB LAYOUT

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    =O>T!ARE= +=ED

    1. D&pT!$e

    ROLE *N THE DE=*GN

    DipTrace ?.I& proed to -e a er0 #and0 eas0(to(usetool for t#e PCB la0out process. Man0 of its features 9ereutili4ed leadin" to an accurate e7cient desi"n. *t #asDesi"n Error C#ec5 Electrical Rule C#ec5 tools 9#ic#proed to -e #elpful in t#e desi"n. *t is loaded 9it# a #u"e

    component list t#at is cate"ori4ed in arious li-raries for"iin" simplicit0. Placement of components is also er0eas0 t#e0 can -e rotated in @&Q to customi4e t#e desi"n.

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    . =;&)&"' Ke&l

    ROLE *N THE DE=*GN

    ;ision eil proides *DE for '&I? pro"rammin" is er0eas0 to use. !#en startin" a ne9 proect simpl0 select t#emicrocontroller 0ou use from t#e Deice Data-ase and t#e;ision *DE sets all Compiler Assem-ler Lin5er andMemor0 options. *tSs deice data-ase is lar"e 9#ic#

    supports man0 *Cs of t#e '&I? famil0. A HE 3le can -ecreated 9it# t#e #elp of eil 9#ic# is re2uired for -urnin"onto c#ip. *t #as a po9erful de-u""in" tool 9#ic# detectsmost of t#e errors in t#e pro"ram.

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    3. ,l$)>M$?&

    ROLE *N THE DE=*GN

    >las# Ma"ic is a PC tool for pro"rammin" Uas#-ased microcontrollers from NP usin" a serial orEt#ernet protocol 9#ile in t#e tar"et #ard9are. *t #assome e:cellent features li5e c#an"ea-le -aud rate

    erase all Uas# -efore pro"rammin" settin" securit0-its etc. T#e HE 3le created 9it# t#e #elp of 5eil9as selected t#rou"# it for pro"rammin" t#emicrocontroller.

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    APLL*CAT*ON=

    10 S&e'(&

    Remote control e#icles #ae arious scienti3c usesincludin" #a4ardous enironments 9or5in" in t#edeep ocean and space e:ploration. T#e maorit0 of

    t#e pro-es to t#e ot#er planets in our solar s0stem#ae -een remote control e#icles alt#ou"# some oft#e more recent ones 9ere partiall0 autonomous. T#esop#istication of t#ese deices #as fueled "reaterde-ate on t#e need for manned spaceUi"#t and

    e:ploration.

    0M&l&($!* $'d L$ E'#"!ee'(

    Militar0 usa"e of remotel0 controlled militar0 e#icles

    dates -ac5 to t#e 3rst #alf of %&t# centur0. =oiet RedArm used remotel controlled Teletan5s durin ?)@&s

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    30 Se$!> $'d Re)ue

    +A;s 9ill li5el0 pla0 an increased role in searc# andrescue in t#e +nited =tates. T#is 9as demonstrated -0t#e successful use of +A;s durin" t#e %&&' #urricanest#at struc5 Louisiana and Te:as.

    40Re!e$(&"' $'d H"*

    =ee Radio(controlled model. =mall scale remotecontrol e#icles #ae lon" -een popular amon"#o--0ists. T#ese remote controlled e#icles span a

    9ide ran"e in terms of price and sop#istication. T#ereare man0 t0pes of radio controlled e#icles. T#eseinclude on(road cars o

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    >+RTHER *MRO;EMENT= >+T+RE

    =COPE

    1. IR Se')"!):

    *R sensors can -e used to automaticall0 detect aoido-stacles if t#e ro-ot "oes -e0ond line of si"#t. T#is aoidsdama"e to t#e e#icle if 9e are maneuerin" it from adistant place.

    . P$))"!d P!"(e(&"':

    Proect can -e modi3ed in order to pass9ord protect t#ero-ot so t#at it can -e operated onl0 if correct pass9ord isentered. Eit#er cell p#one s#ould -e pass9ord protected ornecessar0 modi3cation s#ould -e made in t#e assem-l0lan"ua"e code. T#is introduces conditioned access increases securit0 to a "reat e:tent.

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    3. Al$! P>"'e D&$le!: B0 replacin" DTM> Decoder *C CM''& -0 aFDTM> Transceier *CS CM'''& DTM> tones can -e"enerated from t#e ro-ot. =o a proect called FAlarmP#one DialerF can -e -uilt 9#ic# 9ill "eneratenecessar0 alarms for somet#in" t#at is desired to -emonitored ,usuall0 -0 tri""erin" a rela01. >ore:ample a #i"# 9ater alarm lo9 temperature alarm

    openin" of -ac5 9indo9 "ara"e door etc.!#en t#e s0stem is actiated it 9ill call anum-er of pro"rammed num-ers to let t#e user5no9 t#e alarm #as -een actiated. T#is 9ould -e"reat to "et alerts of alarm conditions from #ome

    9#en user is at 9or5.

    4. Add&'? $ C$e!$:

    *f t#e current proect is interfaced 9it# a

    camera ,e.". a !e-cam1 ro-ot can -e drien -e0ond