Cassie And Sydneys Project #2

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Cassie and Sydney's research Project

Transcript of Cassie And Sydneys Project #2

  • 1.The Black Death The Bubonic Plague By Sydney Trask Period 6

2. The Beginning

  • The bubonic plague was caused by the bacilli dwelling inside of the blood of a flea
  • The flea fed on rats blood and transferred a virus that will kill off more than half of Europes population
  • Once the rat died, the fleas would feed and spread the disease to other rats
  • There were 3 ways to receive the plague: bubonic, pneumonic, and septimic
  • Rats carried it overseas into foreign countries beginning the spread

3. The Spread of Disease

  • The Black Death reached the shores of Italy in the spring of 1348
  • By 1347, the plague was widespread in the Mediterranean region, and throughout Italy, France, and England

4. Signs of Impending Death

  • A gush of blood from the nose
  • Swellings in the groin or under the armpit swelled to the size of an egg and were called tumors
  • Black or purple spots showed up on the arms or thighs
  • Chills and high fevers
  • A victim had a life expectancy of up to a week or even less

5. A Cure

  • No doctor's advice or medicine could overcome this disease
  • Many ignorant, uncertified men and women set up as doctors to earn a quick money
  • No treatment was possible because most doctors were so ignorant that they did not know what caused it and could not administer the proper cure
  • Very few recovered, but most people died due to their uninformed nature

6. Blaming the Jews

  • Authorities had a no explanation about how the plague was spreading rapidly
  • They blamed the Jews to be the source of how the disease that was spreading throughout Europe
  • Tens of thousands of Jews were ordered to be burned in France, Germany, Switzerland, Spain
  • Pope Clement VI, Emperor Charles IV, and medical experts who said that the Jews were innocent
  • The authorities were largely ineffective because the disease was spread mostly by fleas and rats

7. Mass Burials

  • Many died in the streets at night and during the day
  • Others died in their houses were known to be dead because the neighbors smelled their rotting bodies
  • Since the cemeteries were full, so they dug huge trenches, where they buried the bodies by the hundreds
  • They stowed them away and covered them with a little earth, until the whole trench was full of decaying bodies

8. Diminishing Population

  • Europe experienced great physical and mental hardships
  • 25% to 50% of the total population of Europe died
  • Entire families and villages vanished
  • From 1346 to 1354, an estimated 20 million people died of plague in Europe

9. Works Cited

  • Bishop, Morris.The Middle Ages . Canada: American Heritage Press, 1970. Print.
  • Black Death Pandemics." World of Health. Online ed. Detroit: Gale Group, 2007. Student Resource CenterGold. Gale. Colony High School. 2 Dec. 2009.www.find.galegroup.com/srcx/infomark .
  • Leone, Bruno.The Middle Ages . San Diego, CA: Greenhaven Press, 2002. Print.
  • Plague Decimates European Population, 1347-1352." Discovering World History. Online ed. Detroit: Gale, 2003. Student Resource Center - Gold. Gale. Colony High School. 2 Dec. 2009.www.find.galegroup.com/srcx/infomark .
  • "The Black Death, 1348," EyeWitness to History, Copyright Ibis Communications, Inc. 2001.www.eyewitnesstohistory.com/
  • Thompson, Stephen P.The Renaissance . San Diego: Greenhaven Press Inc., 2000. Print.

10. Astrology Cassie Workman Period 6 Mrs. Nicastro 11. Astrology is

  • Astrology is the art of foretelling events on Earth by observing the movements of the sun, moon, and heavenly bodies, which permeated the outlook of the later middle ages.

12. Origins of Astrology

  • The birthplace of astrology was Mesopotamia, the land between the Euphrates and the Tigris rivers, now occupied by Iraq.
  • Astrology spread to Egypt
  • The Greeks believed the Egyptians and Babylonians had invented astrology.

13. Astrological Mechanisms

  • A mechanism is an assembly of moving parts performing a complete functional motion, often being part of a large machine; linkage.
  • Many people believe that science rejects astrology because it does not present a casual mechanism similar to the more advanced models of standard physical theory.
  • An example of a mechanism for astrology would be the order of our solar system.

This is a picture of our solar system in a astronomical drawling. 14. Ancient Astrology

  • Ancient astrology dealt with the influence of the heavenly bodies on the Earth in general, not just on the lives and fate of human beings.
  • Queen Elizabeth I was advised by astrologists on the date of her coronation and many sea-going vessels were held in port until astrological influences were thought to be favorable.

This is a picture of a astrological chart. 15. The Arabic and Medieval Legacy

  • In addition to adopting orbs and aspects based on degrees rather than signs Arabic astrologers also began using a very complex system of separating and applying aspects and such arcane relationships as translation, abscission and collection of light, referentation, prohibition and frustration. These changes allowed them to extract a great deal of information regarding the interaction, both past and present of the planets involved.

16. Famous Astrologers

  • Thales -[624 to (548-545) BC]
  • Pythagoras[580-500 BC]
  • Anaxagoras[500-428 BC]
  • Plato(428/427-348/347 BC)
  • Hippocrates[460-377 BC]
  • Aristotle[384-322 BC]
  • Hipparchus[190-120 BC]
  • Ptolemy[AD 127-145]
  • Plotinus[AD 205-270]
  • Porphyry[AD 234-305]
  • Proclus[AD 410-485]
  • Johann Muller(Regiomontanus)[June 6, 1436- July 6,1476]

17. Astrology at its Best

  • The Renaissance philosopher and astrologer Marsilio Ficino, his writing in 1492, proclaimed, "This century, like a golden age, has restored to light the liberal arts, which were almost extinct: grammar, poetry, rhetoric, painting, sculpture, architecture, music...this century appears to have perfected [astrology].

Along with literature, painting and sculpture, the art of astrology reached new heights in the rebirth of classical culture in theEuropean Renaissance of 1450-1700. 18. Works Cited

  • Bobrick, Benson.The Fated Sky Astrology in History . New York: Simon and Schuster Publishing House, 2005. Print.
  • Netzley, Partricia D.Life in the Renaissance . San Diego: Lucent Books Inc, 1998. Print.
  • Spitz, Lewis.The Renaissance and Reformation Movements . St. Louis Missouri: Concordia Publishing House, 1971. Print.
  • Warnock, Christopher.Renaissance AstrologyN.p., 2 Dec. 2009. Web. 6 Dec. 2009. .
  • Warnock, Christopher.Renaissance AstrologyN.p., n.d. Web. 6 Dec. 2009. < www.renaissanceastrology.com >.
  • Zoller, Robert.Medieval and Renaissance Astrology and MedicineN.p., 1992. Web. 6 Dec. 2009.