By Maram Alabdulaaly

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The Present Perfect & The Present Perfect Progressive. By Maram Alabdulaaly. Outline. FIRST. How is each tense formed?. SECOND. When is each tense used?. Third. Comparisons. Present Perfect Tense. Affirmative Sentences. Negative Sentences. Yes/No Questions. Information Questions. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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By Maram AlabdulaalyThe Present Perfect &The Present Perfect ProgressiveBy Maram Alabdulaaly11

How is each tense formed?

FIRSTWhen is each tense used?

SECONDOutlineComparisons..

ThirdBy Maram Alabdulaaly2To view this presentation, first, turn up your volume and second, launch the self-running slide show.2

Present Perfect TenseBy Maram Alabdulaaly3SubjectVerb (past participle)Optional: the rest of the sentenceIhaveWorkedsince 2007.Singular:(Maram, Fahad.. etc)(He, She, it)haseatenburgers before.Plural:(The girls..etc).(We, you, they)havedonehomework since the beginning of the term.Affirmative SentencesSubjectVerb (past participle)Optional: the rest of the sentenceIhavenotWorkedsince 2007.Singular:(Maram, Fahad.. etc)(He, She, it)has eatenburgers before.Plural:(The girls..etc).(We, you, they)havedonehomework since the beginning of the term.Negative SentencesBy Maram Alabdulaaly4SubjectVerb (past participle)Optional: the rest of the sentenceHaveIWorkedsince 2007?HasSingular:(Maram, Fahad.. etc)(He, She, it)eatenburgers before?HavePlural:(The girls..etc).(We, you, they)doneany homework since the beginning of the term?Yes/No QuestionsInformation QuestionsQuestion wordSubjectVerb (past participle)Optional: the rest of the sentenceWhatWhereWhoWhyWhenHowhaveIdone?hasSingular:(Maram, Fahad.. etc)(He, She, it)eatenburgers before?havePlural:(The girls..etc).(We, you, they)studiedfor the exam?By Maram Alabdulaaly5

Present Perfect ProgressiveBy Maram Alabdulaaly6SubjectVerb (infinitive)+ingOptional: the rest of the sentenceIhavebeenworkingsince 2007.Singular:(Maram, Fahad.. etc)(He, She, it)hastravelingfor 2 weeks.Plural:(The girls..etc).(We, you, they)havesittingin class for 10 minutes.Affirmative SentencesNegative SentencesSubjectVerb (infinitive)+ingOptional: the rest of the sentenceIhaveNot beenworkingsince 2007.Singular:(Maram, Fahad.. etc)(He, She, it)hastravelingfor 2 weeks.Plural:(The girls..etc).(We, you, they)havesittingin class for 10 minutes.By Maram Alabdulaaly7SubjectVerb (infinitive)+ingOptional: the rest of the sentenceHaveIbeenworkingsince 2007?HasSingular:(Maram, Fahad.. etc)(He, She, it)travelingfor 2 weeks?HavePlural:(The girls..etc).(We, you, they)sittingin class?Yes/No QuestionsInformation QuestionsSubjectVerb (infinitive)+ingOptional: the rest of the sentenceWhatWhereWhoWhyWhenHowhaveIbeendoingsince morning?hasSingular:(Maram, Fahad.. etc)(He, She, it)travelingfor 2 weeks?havePlural:(The girls..etc).(We, you, they)sitting?By Maram Alabdulaaly8

When to use the present perfect?By Maram Alabdulaaly9

When is it used? P38To talk about situations that began in the past and continued up to now.I have been in the city since last May.Use Since/ For with it:Since + Specific point of time. Since last year, since 1881.. etcFor + a length of time.For three years, for two years.. etc

By Maram Alabdulaaly10

When is it used? P38Use: ever, never, yet, still and already.2. To talk about events that happened before now. The exact time is not specified.She has tasted SUSHI.PastFutureNow?By Maram Alabdulaaly11

When is it used? P383. To express an event that has occurred repeatedly in the past and may happen again.We have taken two tests so far this term.

PastFutureNowTest 2Test 3Term StartedBy Maram Alabdulaaly12

When is it used? P383. To express an event that has occurred repeatedly in the past and may happen again.We have taken two tests so far this term.

To talk about situations that began in the past and continued up to now.I have been in the city since last May.

2. To talk about events that happened before now. The exact time is not specified.She has tasted SUSHI.By Maram Alabdulaaly13

When to use the present perfect progressive?By Maram Alabdulaaly14

When is it used? P46Time expressions used: since, for, All day/ morning/ week..etc It expresses the duration of an activity that began in the past an continued to the present.It has been raining all day.PastFutureNowXHow long?By Maram Alabdulaaly15

When is it used? P46When the tense is used without any mention of time, it expresses a general activity in progress recently, lately.The students have been studying hard.PastFutureNowXrecentlyBy Maram Alabdulaaly16

When is it used? P38

For non-progressive verbs, use the present perfect tense.I have known Alex since he was a child.By Maram Alabdulaaly17Simple FutureLets compare it with the other tenses.Simple PastPast ProgressiveSimple PresentPresent ProgressiveFuture Progressive

By Maram Alabdulaaly18

PastFutureNow?To talk about past events when theres no specific mention of time.I have met the girl.Used when theres a specific mention of time.I met the girl yesterday.PastFutureNowXTo talk about situations that began in the past and continued up to now.May has been a teacher since 2009.PastFutureNowXTo talk about situations that began and ended in the past.Najd was a teacher.PastFutureNowXXSimple Past P43

Present PerfectBy Maram Alabdulaaly19Using the Simple Past & The Present Perfect.Did it rain today?Yes, it did.When did it start raining?Im not sure but it has rained today as the ground is wet.Simple PastPresent Perfect

By Maram Alabdulaaly20Using the Simple Past & The Present Perfect.I was 60 CM high last year.I have grown one millimeter in one year.Simple PastPresent Perfect

I was 60 cm high.By Maram Alabdulaaly21

Expresses how long an activity has been in progress. (The duration)I have been talking for an hour.Expresses an activity in progress right now.Im talking now.PastFutureNowXPresent progressive

Present Perfect ProgressivePastFutureNowHow long?By Maram Alabdulaaly22Using the Present Progressive& The Present Perfect Progressive.It is raining now. It began raining two hours agoand it is still raining.How long has it been raining? It has been raining for two hours

Present ProgressivePresent Perfect ProgressiveBy Maram Alabdulaaly23