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  • Bookbinding, and the Care of BooksDouglas Cockerell

  • Table of ContentsBookbinding, and the Care of Books.................................................................................................................1

    Douglas Cockerell....................................................................................................................................2EDITOR'S PREFACE.............................................................................................................................4AUTHOR'S NOTE..................................................................................................................................5

    PART I. BINDING...............................................................................................................................................7CHAPTER I. INTRODUCTION.............................................................................................................8CHAPTER II. EnteringBooks in SheetsFoldingCollatingPulling to PiecesRefoldingKnocking out Joints............................................................................12CHAPTER III. GuardingThrowing OutParing PaperSoaking off India ProofsMounting very Thin PaperSplitting PaperInlayingFlattening Vellum..................................................................................................................................................17CHAPTER IV. SizingWashingMending.......................................................................................21CHAPTER V. End PapersLeather JointsPressing.........................................................................24CHAPTER VI. Trimming Edges before SewingEdge Gilding.........................................................27CHAPTER VII. Marking upSewingMaterials for Sewing............................................................29CHAPTER VIII. Fraying out SlipsGlueing upRounding and Backing.........................................33CHAPTER IX. Cutting and Attaching BoardsCleaning off BackPressing...................................35CHAPTER X. Cutting in BoardsGilding and Colouring Edges........................................................38CHAPTER XI. Headbanding.................................................................................................................40CHAPTER XII. Preparing for CoveringParing LeatherCoveringMitring CornersFillingin Boards.................................................................................................................42CHAPTER XIII. Library BindingBinding very Thin BooksScrapBooksBinding on VellumBooks covered with Embroidery.........................................................................46CHAPTER XIV. DecorationToolsFinishingTooling on VellumInlaying on Leather..................................................................................................................................................50CHAPTER XV. LetteringBlind ToolingHeraldic Ornament.........................................................56CHAPTER XVI. Designing for GoldTooled Decoration....................................................................60CHAPTER XVII. Pasting down End PapersOpening Books............................................................64CHAPTER XVIII. Clasps and TiesMetal on Bindings.....................................................................66CHAPTER XIX. Leather.......................................................................................................................68CHAPTER XX. PaperPastesGlue..................................................................................................72

    PART II. CARE OF BOOKS WHEN BOUND.................................................................................................74CHAPTER XXI. Injurious Influences to which Books are Subjected..................................................75CHAPTER XXII. To Preserve Old BindingsRebacking.................................................................78

    Bookbinding, and the Care of Books

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  • Bookbinding, and the Care of Books

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  • Douglas Cockerell

    This page formatted 2007 Blackmask Online. http://www.blackmask.com

    EDITOR'S PREFACE. AUTHOR'S NOTE. PART I. BINDING

    CHAPTER I. INTRODUCTION CHAPTER II. EnteringBooks in SheetsFoldingCollatingPulling toPiecesRefoldingKnocking out Joints

    CHAPTER III. GuardingThrowing OutParing PaperSoaking off India ProofsMountingvery Thin PaperSplitting PaperInlayingFlattening Vellum

    CHAPTER IV. SizingWashingMending CHAPTER V. End PapersLeather JointsPressing CHAPTER VI. Trimming Edges before SewingEdge Gilding CHAPTER VII. Marking upSewingMaterials for Sewing CHAPTER VIII. Fraying out SlipsGlueing upRounding and Backing CHAPTER IX. Cutting and Attaching BoardsCleaning off BackPressing CHAPTER X. Cutting in BoardsGilding and Colouring Edges CHAPTER XI. Headbanding CHAPTER XII. Preparing for CoveringParing LeatherCoveringMitring CornersFillinginBoards

    CHAPTER XIII. Library BindingBinding very Thin BooksScrapBooksBinding onVellumBooks covered with Embroidery

    CHAPTER XIV. DecorationToolsFinishingTooling on VellumInlaying on Leather CHAPTER XV. LetteringBlind ToolingHeraldic Ornament CHAPTER XVI. Designing for GoldTooled Decoration CHAPTER XVII. Pasting down End PapersOpening Books CHAPTER XVIII. Clasps and TiesMetal on Bindings CHAPTER XIX. Leather CHAPTER XX. PaperPastesGlue

    PART II. CARE OF BOOKS WHEN BOUND

    CHAPTER XXI. Injurious Influences to which Books are Subjected CHAPTER XXII. To Preserve Old BindingsRebacking

    Produced by Suzanne Shell, Irma Spehar and the OnlineDistributed Proofreading Team at http://www.pgdp.net

    THE ARTISTIC CRAFTS SERIES OF TECHNICAL HANDBOOKS EDITED BY W. R. LETHABY BOOKBINDING

    Bookbinding, and the Care of Books

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  • [Illustration: WHITE PIGSKIN.Basle, 1512.]

    BOOKBINDING, AND THE CARE OF BOOKS A HANDBOOK FOR AMATEURS BOOKBINDERS &LIBRARIANS BY DOUGLAS COCKERELL WITH DRAWINGS BY NOEL ROOKE AND OTHER ILLUSTRATIONS

    [Illustration]

    NEW YORK D. APPLETON AND COMPANY 1910

    COPYRIGHT, 1901, BY D. APPLETON AND COMPANY

    All rights reserved

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  • EDITOR'S PREFACE.

    In issuing this volume of a series of Handbooks on the Artistic Crafts, it will be well to state what are ourgeneral aims. In the first place, we wish to provide trustworthy textbooks of workshop practice, from the points ofview of experts who have critically examined the methods current in the shops, and putting aside vainsurvivals, are prepared to say what is good workmanship, and to set up a standard of quality in the craftswhich are more especially associated with design. Secondly, in doing this, we hope to treat design itself as anessential part of good workmanship. During the last century most of the arts, save painting and sculpture of anacademic kind, were little considered, and there was a tendency to look on design as a mere matter ofappearance. Such ornamentation as there was was usually obtained by following in a mechanical way adrawing provided by an artist who often knew little of the technical processes involved in production. Withthe critical attention given to the crafts by Ruskin and Morris, it came to be seen that it was impossible todetach design from craft in this way, and that, in the widest sense, true design is an inseparable element ofgood quality, involving as it does the selection of good and suitable material, contrivance for special purpose,expert workmanship, proper finish and so on, far more than mere ornament, and indeed, that ornamentationitself was rather an exuberance of fine workmanship than a matter of merely abstract lines. Workmanshipwhen separated by too wide a gulf from fresh thoughtthat is, from designinevitably decays, and, on theother hand, ornamentation, divorced from workmanship, is necessarily unreal, and quickly falls intoaffectation. Proper ornamentation may be defined as a language addressed to the eye; it is pleasant thoughtexpressed in the speech of the tool. In the third place, we would have this series put artistic craftsmanship before people as furnishingreasonable occupation for those who would gain a livelihood. Although within the bounds of academic art, thecompetition, of its kind, is so acute that only a very few per cent. can fairly hope to succeed as painters andsculptors; yet, as artistic craftsmen, there is every probability that nearly every one who would pass through asufficient period of apprenticeship to workmanship and design would reach a measure of success. In the blending of handwork and thought in such arts as we propose to deal with, happy careers may befound as far removed from the dreary routine of hack labour, as from the terrible uncertainty of academic art.It is desirable in every way that men of good education should be brought back into the productive crafts:there are more than enough of us in the city, and it is probable that more consideration will be given in thiscentury than in the last to Design and Workmanship. W. R. LETHABY.

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  • AUTHOR'S NOTE.

    It is hoped that this book will help bookbinders and librarians to select sound methods of binding b