Bibliography on prestressed concrete - core.ac.uk...

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  • TC^r. f'OOt'1^ If f

    COb. 2.ENGINEERING EXPERIMENT STATIONSTRUCTURAL RESEARCH SERIES NO. S-10 .c^

    .nw

    mwMi mENG/NEBR/NG L/BRARy^'VERsiTy OF ILLINOIS

    WBANA, ILLU

    BIBLIOGRAPHY ON PRESTRESSED CONCRETE

    iHitQu;.

    APRIL 1952

    UNIVERSITY OF ILLINOIS

    URBANA, ILLINOIS

    ENGINEERING

    UBRARV

  • ENGINEERINQ

    UBRARY

    BIBLIOGRAPHY ON PRESTRESSED CONCRETE

    Prepared by

    E . M . ZwoyerResearch Assistant of

    Civil Engineering

    and

    I. M. ViestResearch Assistant Professor ofTheoretical and Applied Mechanics

    Prepared as a part of the First Progress Report of theInvestigation of Prestressed Concrete for Highway Bridges

    Conducted by

    THE ENGINEERING EXPERIMENT STATIONUNIVERSITY OF ILLINOIS

    In cooperation with

    THE DIVISION OF HIGHWAYSSTATE OF ILLINOIS

    and

    THE BUREAU OF PUBLIC ROADSU. S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE

    April 1952

  • Digitized by the Internet Archive

    in 2011 with funding from

    University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign

    http://www.archive.org/details/bibliographyonpr10zwoy

  • ENGlNEtKKtti

    UBhARY "C-1

    BIBLIOGRAPHY ON PRESTRESSKD

    > CONCRETE

    All references included in this Bibliography are classified into six

    groups. The full title of references which contain material falling into

    several groups appears in one group only; in other groups cross-reference is

    made by number only.

    A. Research

    This group includes references on theoretical and experimental

    investigations of the materials for and the behavior of prestressed

    concrete structural members and structures

    .

    B

    .

    Construction

    This group includes references describing construction and

    manufacture of prestressed concrete structures; the prestressing

    methods; and finished structures of prestressed concrete.

    C. Design

    This group includes references on the design of prestressed

    concrete structures; it includes also specifications, economical

    studies and general textbooks on prestressed concrete

    .

    D. Miscellaneous

    This group includes general references on prestressed concrete

    and all references which do not fall into any other group.

    E

    .

    Circular Structures

    References concerned with circular structures, such as tanks.

  • C-2

    pipes, pressure vessels and txinnels, are included in this group.

    F . Unclassified

    This group includes references which were not available to

    the authors of this bibliography and therefore could not be

    classified.

  • C-3

    A . Research .

    1896-1955

    Al. Mandlj, J.^ "Zur Theorie det Cementeisen-Constructionen",Zeitschrift des Oesterrechischen Ingenieur- und Architekten- Yereines,(Vienna), I896, Vol. 48, Nos . k^-k6, pp. 595-596, 605-609.

    Section III of this paper (pp. 605-606) deals with prestressingof reinforcement for the purpose of counteracting the deficiency of concretein tensile strength. It is suggested that prestressing may be done tystretching the wires mechanically or by heat. Historically interesting.

    A2. Bach, C; Graf, 0., "Versuche mit Balken, deren EiseneinlagenVorspannung Besitzen, und mit Balken derselben Bauart ohne Vorspannung,

    "

    Mitteilungen uber Forschungsarbeiten (Berlin), 19IO, Ko. 90-91? PP" 6I-86-

    Tests of 12 rectangular beams, 6 prestressed, 6 without prestress-ing, 5 of each with end anchorages. Steel of structural grade pre-tensionedto 600 kg/cm^, the prestress transferred to concrete 6 hours before the test.Results: prestressing raised the cracking load by about 50 percent, but theultimate was the same for both prestressed and ordinary reinforced beams

    ,

    End anchored beams failed by crushing of concrete, others by bond.Measured: Deflections, some strains, loads at first cracking, ultimateloads. Data on materials given, tests description good.

    A5. Moersch, E., "Der Eisenbetonbau, " Vol. 1, Fifth Edition,Stuttgart 1920, pp. 371-577, (K, Wittwer),

    A short summary of the Bach-Graf tests

    .

    A^o Freyssinet, E., "Idees et Voles Nouvelles", Science et Industrie(Paris), 1935, Vol. 17, No. 1, pp. 1-17-

    Freyssinent presents his theory of hardening of concrete. Des-cription of curing concrete under pressure and steam. Discussion of the useof high strength steel in prestressed concrete and why it cannot be used inordinary reinforced concrete . Examples of structures of prestressed con-crete . Emphasis on the economy of prestressed concrete and of its appli-cability in the industry.

    A5. Hatt, W. K., "Concrete Beam with Prestressed Bars Tested",,Engineering News Records, September I5, 193^4-, Vol. II5, No. 11;, p. ^k^.

    Comparative test of a reinforced concrete beam and a prestressedunbended beam . The initial prestressed of the mild steel did not exceed15j572 psi. Scant information given in form of moment-strain and moment-deflection curves

    .

    a6. Anderegg, F. 0.; Dalzell, C. L., "Prestressed Ceramic Members",Proceedings Amer. Soc Test. Materials, 1955, Vol. 55> PP- 4^7-^56.

    Ceramic tile grouted together and prestressed with solid rods bytightening the end nuts. Beams were short and failed by diagonal tension.Test results for 8 beams. Properties of materials uncertain.

  • C-1+

    1936

    AT- Freyssinet, E.^^ "Aspects nouveaux des problemes du ciment

    arme";, International Association Bridge and StructursuL Engineering, Publi-cations, Vol= k, pp. 26'^-J>0k, 1956.

    Explanation of Freyssinet 's theory of hardening and deformation

    of concrete

    .

    a3. Freyssinet j E.? "Developments in Concrete Making" Concreteand Construction Engineering, (London), 1956, Vol. 5I, No. k. pp. 209-220.

    Essentially the same as "A Revolution in the Technique of theUtilization of Concrete" PP > 125-l60c

    From Freyssinet 's paper "A Revolution in Technique of Concrete".

    AlO. Lossier^ H.> "Les ciments sans retrait et a expansion"-Genie Civil (Paris )^ I956., Vol, 109, No. ik, ppo 285-87

    -

    This article is an extract of the paper "Les ciments sans retraitet a expansion" published by the same author in Revue Universelle des Mines,1957-

    All" Thomas, F. G., "Cracking in Reinforced Concrete", InternationalAssociation of Bridge and Structural Engineering, oecond Congress, PreliminaryPublications, Berlin, I956, (W Ernst).

    Tests of cracking of the reinforced concrete - some of them con-ducted on prestressed members Studies concerned with shrinkage It wasfound in these tests that an original prestress of l+O.OOO psi is reducedty one third in 28 days

    .

    1958

    A12., Senn, A , "Die Wirksamkeit der Vorspannung im -einfach und imsymmetrisch bewehrten Eisenbeton-Rechteckquerschnitt" , SchweizerischeBauzeitung (Zurich), I936, Vol. Ill, No- 6, pp. 6I-62,

    Theoretical study of the loss of prestressing due to creep of con-crete

    1959

    A15 Anderegg, F, L,; Weller, R.; Fried., B,. "Photoelastic Analysisof Prestressed Beam", Proceedings of American Society of Testing Materials1959, Vol, 59, pp. 979-986,

  • C-5

    Photoelastic analysis of the stress distribution ir: nonprestressedbeams and prestressed beams at zero stress in top fibres, zero stress in bottomfibres and with tension in bottom fibres.

    Al^. Emperger, F . von, "Stahlbeton mit vorgespannten Zulagen ausHSherwertigem Stahl", Forscherarbeiten aiif dam Gebiete des Eisenbetons, Hefthj, Berlin I959, (W. Ernst).

    Report of tests of reinforced concrete rectangular and T-beamswith varying amounts of reinforcement added. Maga3.tude of prestress variedfrom up. Principal findings: the ultimate load may be calculated byadding the yield strength of the ordinary steel and the ultimate strengthof the high strength steel; the ultimate is independent of the amount ofprestress; prestress is very effective in delaying and reducing cracking.

    A15- Emperger, F. von, "Vorgespannte Armierungs -Zulagen in denTragwerken aus Eisenbeton", Schweizerische Bauzeitung (Zuxich), 1939? Vol.114, Fo. 15, pp. 151-153.

    Short summary of the material published in die Forscherarbeitenby Emperger: "Stahlbeton mit vorgespannten Zulegen aus hSherwertigen Stahl"

    o

    AI6, Hoyer, E.; Friedrich, E., "Beitrag zur Frage der Haftspannungin Eisenebtonbauteilen", Beton und Eisen (Berlin), 1939^ Vol. ^Q, No. 6,pp. 107-110.

    Theory of bond in wires of pretensioned beams and wires withoutprestress . Bond strength of a pretensioned wire on the free end is supposedlyincreased due to the lateral expansion of the wire. Equation is given forcomputing the necessary length for anchoring the wire.

    AI7. Mills, R. E.; Miller, W. B., "Prestressed Reinforced Joistsunder Loading Tests", Proceedings, American Concrete Institute, 1959^ Vol.36, No. 11, pp. 205-212.

    Tests of three joist, two prestressed one of ordinary reinforcedconcrete. All of haydite concrete, All beams tested to failure. Com-parisons between the theoretical and measured values as well as between thevalues measured on prestressed beam and beam without prestressing are given.

    19^0

    AL80 Abeles, P. W., "Saving Reinforcement by Prestressing",Concrete and Construction Engineering, (Lon'^nn), 19^0, Vol. 35> No. 7 PP-328-333.

    Theory for beams at low loads. Short description of prestressingmethods

    .

    Discussion by Mautner, ibid, 19^1^ Vol. 56, pp. 73-950

    AL9. Opperman, R., "Grundlagen fur die Ausfuhrung von Spannbeton-tragern", Beton and Eisen (Berlin), 19^0, Vol. 39> No. 11, pp. liH-150.

  • c-6

    Tests of two pre-tensioned unanchored beams with, the steel on thetension side only. Both beams tested to failure; one failed by crushing,the other by breaking of wires