Basic Mandarin Chinese | Lesson 1 | Grasp the tones in Mandarin!

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Learn Mandarin Chinese for free using self-paced audio-visual lessons and interactive practice exercises - CultureAlley - master conversations, grammar, vocabulary and more! This lesson introduces you to Mandarin Chinese and covers the tones and pronunciation aspects of the language. To study this lesson at your own pace and take quizzes on it go to www.culturealley.com. See you at the Alley!

Transcript of Basic Mandarin Chinese | Lesson 1 | Grasp the tones in Mandarin!

  • 1. To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin

2. N ho Lesson 1 on Basic Mandarin! To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin 3. Welcome to Culture Alley - MandarinWelcome to your first Mandarin lesson! We hope you're as excited as we are about your cultural voyage to China! Today, we will introduce you to Mandarin and discover different tones in the language! So lets get startedTo view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin 4. Mandarin There are about 13 sub-languages within the Chinese languageThe most spoken is Mandarin (about 850 million), followed by Wu (90million), Cantonese (Yue) (70 million) Mandarin has the largest number of native speakers in the worldMandarin is the official language of China and SingaporeTo view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin 5. Pinyin Pinyin is the official system to transcribe Chinese (including Mandarin) characters into Latin scriptIt is often used to teach Chinese (including Mandarin) and spell names in foreign publications and used as an input method to enter Chinese characters into computers You = (Chinese characters) To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin You = n (Pinyin) 6. Lesson objectives1Tones in MandarinTo view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin 7. Tones in Mandarin Let's get started by understanding the concept of tones in Mandarin You will usually encounter symbols on certain characters, eg: , , etc Each letter in Mandarin has a distinct tone (pitch of voice) associated with it Pinyin uses four easily - remembered marks to tell you what the tones of words are To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin 8. Tones in Mandarin Eg: 'm' means 'Mother' But 'm' means 'Horse' So if you don't say the word right, you'd end up calling your mother a horse and land into trouble! :)To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin 9. Tones in MandarinLet's look at the tonal variations of 'ma' m m m m ma Meaning : 'mother', 'hemp', 'horse', 'scold' and a question particle respectivelyTo view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin 10. As we saw...Each syllable in Mandarin has a distinct tone (pitch of voice) associated with it Let's now look at the easily - remembered marks which will help us in identifying the tonesTo view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin 11. Tones in MandarinWe shall now take a look at various tones using 'Ma' as an example Lets begin!To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin 12. Tones in Mandarin - First tone The first tone ( ) starts at a high level and remains constant at that level It is the same as saying 'Aaaaa' without a change in voice Say it as if singing a high note This will now be referred to as the 'high level tone (1st)' To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin 13. Tonal tipMother = M It is pronounced using a high level tone (1st)To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin 14. Tonal tipLet's try and say M It is said with a high level tone - also known as the first tone, MTo view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin 15. So remember! The first tone is denoted by ( ) It is a constant, high level tone It is said as 'Aaaaa' For example : MTo view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin 16. Tones in Mandarin - Second tone The second tone () starts at the middle of the tone and goes to the top It is similar to saying 'Wht?' in English This will now be referred to as the 'mid rising tone (2nd)' To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin 17. Tonal tipHemp (type of fabric) = M It is pronounced using a mid rising tone (2nd)To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin 18. Tonal tipLet's try and say M It is said with a mid rising tone - or second tone, MTo view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin 19. So remember!The second tone is denoted by () It is said with a mid rising tone It is similar to the a in Wht? For example : MTo view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin 20. Tones in Mandarin - Third tone The third tone () starts at the middle, drops and picks up againIt is a falling-rising tone Say it by pushing the tone and then letting go, '' This will now be referred to as the 'falling rising tone (3rd )' To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin 21. Tonal tipHorse = MIt is pronounced using a falling rising tone (3rd )To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin 22. Tonal tipLet's try and say M Once again,with a falling rising tone - also known as the third tone, MTo view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin 23. So remember! The third tone is denoted by () It is said in a falling rising tone It is said by pushing the tone and then letting it go For example : MTo view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin 24. Tones in Mandarin - Fourth tone The fourth tone () starts at a high level and falls sharp at the bottom It has a rapidly falling pitch, like while saying a command, example (Stop!) This will now be referred to as the 'falling tone (4th )'To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin 25. Tonal tipScold = M It is pronounced using a falling tone (4th)To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin 26. Tonal tipLet's try and say M It is said with a falling tone - also known as the fourth tone, MTo view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin 27. So remember! The fourth tone is denoted by () It is a falling tone It shares intonation with commands such as Stop! For example : MTo view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin 28. Revision - Tones in Mandarin 1.High level tone (1st) ( ) : Say the first tone as if you were singing a high note 2.Mid rising tone (2nd) () : Pronounced like a question in English, with your pitch rising at the end of the syllable (Wht?)To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin 29. Revision - Tones in Mandarin 3. Falling rising tone (3rd) ( ) : middle to low to high, dipping pitch 4. Falling tone (4th) () : high to low, rapidly falling pitch that is pronounced like a command (Stop!)To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin 30. Did you notice?To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin 31. Let's see if you rememberTo view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin 32. Pick the right optionHow do we say 'mother' in Mandarin?123MMMTo view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin 33. SolutionHow do we say 'mother' in Mandarin?1 M23MMTo view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin 34. So remember!Mother = M is said with a constant high level tone - also known as the first toneTo view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin 35. Pick the right optionHow do we say 'horse' in Mandarin?123MMMTo view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin 36. SolutionHow do we say 'horse' in Mandarin?123MMMTo view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin 37. So remember!Horse = M is said with a falling rising tone - also known as the third toneTo view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin 38. Pick the right optionWhat tone does 'M' carry?123High level (First)Falling (Fourth)Mid rising (Second)To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin 39. SolutionWhat tone does 'M' carry?123High level (First)Falling (Fourth)Mid rising (Second)To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin 40. So remember!The mid rising tone is the second tone In this tone 'M' means 'Hemp'To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin 41. Pick the right optionWhat tone does 'Scold' = M carry?123High levelMid risingFallingTo view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin 42. SolutionWhat tone does 'Scold' = M carry?123High levelMid risingFallingTo view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin 43. So remember!'M' means 'Scold' and carries the falling tone The falling tone is also known as the fourth toneTo view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin 44. Tones in MandarinIt might seem overwhelming, but don't worry, you will get a hang of the tones as you go along! They are important as different tones convey different meaningsTo view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin 45. Let's revise!To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin 46. Revision - TonesTo view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin 47. Revision-VocabularyEnglishMandarinMotherMHempMHorseMScoldMTo view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin 48. Culture LeafTo view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin 49. Culture leaf- History of China China boasts of more than 5000 years of history beginning with the semi-mythological Shang dynasty around 1500 B.C It was at this time that the Chinese symbolic w