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Transcript of Baroque Opera
Baroque OperaOpera is the delight of princes.1OperaLarge-scale musical drama, that combines poetry, acting, scenery, and costumes with singing and instrumental music.Orchestra plays the overtureArias are sung (songs) da capo ariaRecitatives are speechlike declamations of the text which often move the story line alongSecco OR accompagnatoEnsembles (group singing)Choruses2More definitionsThe writer of the text of an opera is called ________________, and the text is called the _________________.
3Opera in other countriesEngland Got a slow start, because Puritans thought that theatre was an invention of the devil.The spoken word took precedence over the sung.John Blows Venus and Adonis, which was sung throughout; this work paved the way for . . . 4Henry Purcells (1659-1695) Dido and Aneas, p. 115-117First performed at a girls school.Heard over a repeating ground bass.Much chromaticismemotional aria
5When I Am Laid in earthDescription on pp. 116-117
Johann Sebastian Bach(1685-1750) The aim and final reason of all music should be nothing else but the Glory of God and the refreshment of the spirit.
7Bachs musicSacred vocal works, including over 200 church cantatas, 7 motets, Magnificat, St. John Passion, St. Matthew Passion, Christmas Oratorio, Mass in B MinorSecular worksOrchestral works (Brandenburg concertos)Chamber musicKeyboard and Organ music (MUCH OF THIS!)8Bach and the Sacred CantataDevout Lutheran and Church MasterCantatas based on Lutheran ChoraleChorale Hymn tune (came from Martin Luther) (origins of the hymn, p. 422)Like Mozart, in that he raised existing forms to the highest level.
9Bachs Wachtet auf (Sleepers, Awake) 1731, pp. 121-125Cantata No. 140 (comes from cantare)Integral part of church service (wrote about 60)Seven Movements multi-movement, structured with chorus 1, 4, 7Unified by a chorale (a recognizable tune, this one written by Philipp Nicolai)Ritornello10George Frideric Handel(1685-1759)Composer of the famous Messiah
11The OratorioWord is derived from the Italian word for a place of prayer.Large-scale, dramatic work with a religious or Biblical text performed by solo voices, chorus, and orchestra; it is not staged or costumed.Originally known for opera, but turned to oratorio.Handel makes the chorusthe peoplethe center of the drama. As in Greek tragedy, it serves as both protagonist and spectator. 12The MessiahWritten in 24 daysLibretto from both Old and New TestamentsWritten in three parts:ChristmasEasterRedemption of the World through faithp. 128-12913