AP Biology Summer Assignment – 2016

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  • AP Biology Summer Assignment 2016

    Welcome!CongratulationsondecidingtotakeonthechallengeofanAdvancedPlacementCourse.ThetwomaingoalsofAPBiologyaretohelpyoudevelopaconceptualframeworkformodernbiologyandtogainadeeperappreciationofscienceasaprocess(asopposedtoanaccumulationoffacts).Becauseoftherapidpaceofdiscoveryinthelifesciencesourprimaryemphasisisondevelopinganunderstandingofunifyingconceptsthatconnectthemajortopicsofbiology.

    Why a summer ass ignment?? APBiologyisavigorous,yetmanageableandrewardingclass.InordertomeetthedemandsofthecurriculumitisnecessaryforyoutocompletesomeworkbeforeyoucomebackinAugust.Yoursummerassignmentwillbebasedonpre-requisiteinformationthatyouneedarefresheronbeforecomingback.Manyofyoumaybewellversedinthesetopicsalreadysoitshouldntbetoodifficult.

    Part 1 : Check out a textbook BEFORE summer vacation!! YouwillneedtocheckoutanAPBiologytextbookbeforeschoolletsoutthisyearsoyoucancompleteyoursummerassignment.AfterMay23rd,Mr.Flores(AssistantPrincipal)willbeabletocheckoutabooktoyou.Pleasebesureandseehimbeforeyouleaveforsummer.TheAPBiologytextbookisthe10theditionofCampbellBiology.

    Part 2 : Introduction EmailIwouldliketoknowalittleaboutwhoyouareandwhyyouaretakingAPBiology,sothesecondpartofyoursummerassignmentistosendmeanemailintroducingyourself.HereiswhatIwouldlikeyoutoemailmeatsarah.westerfield@huttoisd.netBEFOREthebeginningofthe2016-2017schoolyear:SubjectLine:APBiology2016-2017,YourNameBody:Yourfullname(andnicknamethatyougobyifyouhaveone)andstuffaboutyou.

    Whatscienceclasseshaveyoutaken? Areyoutakinganyotherscienceclassesnextyear? Wasthereanythingthatyoulikedordislikedaboutyourearlierbiologyclass? WhatareyoulookingforwardtothemostinAPBiology? WhatareyoumostanxiousaboutinAPBiology? WhyareyoutakingAPBiology?Whatdoyouhopetoaccomplish/gain? Whatdoyouliketodo(hobbies,sports,music,interests,etc.)?

    Remembertouseproperemailetiquette.Iwillreplysoyouhaveanelectronicrecordthatthefirstpartofyourassignmentwasreceived.Iwillbecheckingmyemailmostofthesummersoifyouhaveanyproblemswiththeotherpartsoftheassignment,pleasecontactmethroughemailaswell.

    Part 3 : WebsitesWhileyouareonlinesendingmetheemail,gotothefollowingwebsitesandbookmarkthem.Wewillbeusingthesesitesallyearlonganditwouldntbeabadideatoglancethroughthemthissummer.

  • Bookmarkwww.masteringbiology.com.Wewillusethiswebsiteforsomehomeworkassignments,textbookaccessoverthesummer,andseveralinteractivetutorials.Followtheinstructionsbelowforcreatinganaccounttogainaccess.

    1. Gotowww.pearsonschool.com/access2. Enterthefirst6lettersofthestudentaccesscode:SSNAST3. ClickonCoveredTitles.4. SelectCampbellBiology,10thed.fromtheScienceMenu5. ClickonStudentRegistrationLink6. Acceptterms.7. CreateaPearsonaccount.Isuggestusingyouremailasyourusername.8. Typeinthefullaccesscode:SSNAST-SWANK-FINCH-BOTAN-FIERI-ROSES9. YouhavebeenprovidedacourseID:SWESTERFIELD3636910. Onceyouraccounthasbeencreated,youwillgodirectlytowww.masteringbiology.comtolog

    in.Bookmark:http://www.bozemanscience.com/ap-biology/.Thiswebsitehasmanyusefulvideosthatwewilluseoften.

    Part 4 : Reading Guides for Unit 1Yourassignmentistocompletethereadingguidesforchapters1-5ofyourtextbook(Biology,Campbell10thEd.).Thereadingguidesshouldbeattachedtothisletter.Iexpectyourreadingguidestobecompletedinyourownhandwriting.Thistextbookhasalotoftechnicalvocabularyandcanfelloverwhelming.Thepacketswillhelpyoutoknowwhatpartstofocuson.Youmayfindithelpfultomakealistorvocabcardsofthekeyvocabularytermsforeachchapter.ThisassignmentwillbeduetheFIRSTDAYofschool.DonotwaituntilthentocompletetheassignmentoryouwillfeeloverwhelmedthatiswhyIamgivingittoyounow.

    Itrulyamlookingforwardtoworkingwithyounextyear!Dontprocrastinateonthisassignmentbutdontletitkeepyoufromhavingawonderfulsummer!!!Sincerely,

    Mrs. Westerfield Sarah.westerfield@huttoisd.netClassroom:9-125

  • Page 1 of 4

    AP Biology: Chapter 1 Guided Reading Assignment Chp 1: The Themes of Biology Mrs. Westerfield

    1. Biology is the study of life, but we have to determine what is considered living. List and give a brief description of the properties of life shown in Fig. 1.2.

    2. Figure 1.3 zooms you in from viewing Earth from space all the way to the level of molecules. As you study this figure, list and write a brief definition of each level.

  • Page 2 of 4

    3. In your own words, what is reductionism?

    4. What are emergent properties? Give two examples.

    5. As you read this section, you will probably recognize many things you have learned in earlier science classes. Since this material will be presented in detail in future chapters, you will come back to these ideas, so dont fret if the concepts presented are unfamiliar. However, to guide your study, define these terms as you come to them. a. Eukaryotic cell:

    b. Prokaryotic Cell:

    c. Genes:

    d. Gene expression:

    e. Genome:

    f. Genomics:

    g. Proteomics:

    h. Bioinformatics:

    6. Explain how nutrients cycle within an ecosystem, but energy flows one-way through an ecosystem.

  • Page 3 of 4

    7. Explain and give an example of each type of feedback. a. Positive feedback:

    b. Negative feedback:

    8. What does the statement there is unity in diversity mean in terms of biology and why is it said that Evolution is the unifying theme of biology?

    9. What is natural selection?

    10. In this course, you will be involved with inquiry. What does inquiry mean, and what might be involved?

    11. Distinguish between quantitative and qualitative data. Which kind could be graphed? Which type would you find in field sketches made by Darwin?

    12. Differentiate between inductive and deductive reasoning.

  • Page 4 of 4

    13. What is a control group and why is it important to have in an experiment?

    14. Explain the difference between the dependent and independent variable. Understanding this will be necessary when analyzing and graphing data.

    15. Explain what is meant by a scientific theory by giving three ways your text distinguishes a theory from a hypothesis or mere speculation.

    16. Answer the multiple-choice questions from the Test Your Understanding section below. 1. _________ 2. _________ 3. _________ 4. _________ 5. _________ 6. _________ 7. _________ 8. _________ 9. _________ 10. _________

  • Adapted from L. Miriello by S. Sharp

    Page 1 of 3

    AP Biology: Chapter 2 Guided Reading Assignment Chp 2: The Chemical Context of Life Mrs. Westerfield 1. Contrast the term element with compound. 2. What four elements make up 96% of living matter? 3. Label each diagram below with the following terms and define each term: electron, proton,

    neutron, atomic nucleus

    4. Contrast the terms atomic mass and atomic number. 5. What is an isotope and what is special about radioactive isotopes? 6. Explain how radioactive tracers are used in science?

  • Adapted from L. Miriello by S. Sharp

    Page 2 of 3

    7. What is potential energy? 8. Use the diagram below to explain where an electron would have the most potential energy and

    where it would have the least potential energy.

    9. How do electrons move from one shell to another? 10. What determines the chemical behavior of an atom? Why are some elements said to be inert?

    11. Define the following terms:

    a. Covalent bond

    b. Single bond

    c. Double bond

    d. Valence

    e. Electronegativity

    f. Nonpolar covalent bond

    g. Polar covalent bond

  • Adapted from L. Miriello by S. Sharp

    Page 3 of 3

    12. What is the difference between a structural and molecular formula? 13. How do ionic bonds compare with covalent bonds? 14. Compare and contrast hydrogen bonds and van der Waals interactions. 15. Use morphine and endorphins as examples to explain why molecular shape is crucial in biology. 16. Define a dynamic chemical equilibrium in terms of quantities of reactants and products. 17. Answer the multiple-choice questions from the Test Your Understanding section below.

    1. _________ 2. _________ 3. _________ 4. _________ 5. _________ 6. _________ 7. _________ 8. _________

  • Adapted from L. Miriello by S. Sharp

    Page 1 of 3

    AP Biology: Chapter 3 Guided Reading Assignment Chp. 3: Water and Life Mrs. Westerfield 1. Why is water considered a polar molecule? 2. For each of the below listed properties of water briefly define the property and then explain how

    waters hydrogen bonds contribute to the special property.

    a. Cohesion

    b. Adhesion

    c. Surface tension

    d. High specific heat

    e. Heat of vaporization

    f. Evaporative cooling 3. How do hydrogen bonds explain that ice is less dense than liquid water? 4. Define the following terms:

    a. Solute

    b. Solvent

  • Adapted from L. Miriello by S. Sharp

    Page 2 of 3

    c. Aqueous solution

    d. Hydrophilic

    e. Hydrophobic

    f. Molarity 5. Label the diagram below to demonstrate the dissociation of the water molecule.

    6. What defines an acid and a base? 7. Why are apparently small changes in pH so important in biology? 8. What is a buffer? 9. Write and explain the carbonic acid buffer system in human blood.

  • Adapted from L. Miriello by S. Sharp

    Page 3 of 3

    10. Explain how carbon dioxide emissions are affecting marine life and ecosystems. 11. Answer the multiple-choice questions from the Test Your Understanding section below.

    1. _________ 2. _________ 3. _________ 4. _____