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Transcript of Ancient egypt
- 1.IntroductionAncient Egypt was a civilization that lasted about from 2800Bc to 1300Bc.It developed along the River Nile in northern Africa. It is interesting tostudy ancient Egypt to learn about the legacies, food, architecture andpharaohs who lived in ancient times.
2. ArchitectureThe Ancient Egyptians were very clever builders and architects.They didnt have trucks or cranes but they still managed to moveheavy blocks of stone using logs. Also, the Egyptians used simpletools to make enormous buildings. They usedlogs, ropes, ramps, and spoons to make lifting easier. Prisonerswere forced to be builders or a farmers. In Ancient Egypt therewere 3 different types of stones. There was limestone, sandstoneand granite. Sandstone was used for making pyramids and otherpublic buildings. They used rectangular shaped stone to makepyramids. When a Pharaoh died, they put the pharaoh in amummy. But the builders didnt want the Pharaoh to be stolenso, they made secret rooms to put pharaohs in. They put themummy in the center of the pyramid because, it will be harder forthe robbers to steal the mummy. As you can see, the pyramids arefamous and amazing pieces of ancient architecture. 3. FoodIn Ancient Egypt many different crops were grown in the rich soilaround the river Nile. The most important crops were grains. PoorEgyptians bought grain and made bread because it was cheap.Rich Egyptians bought expensive wine and bread. The Egyptianfarmers loved it when the Nile flooded because it made the soilmore fertile. But the Egyptians had to harvest every crop beforethe next flood. In cooking, Ancient Egyptians used many spicesand also used honey to sweeten their food. People used spices toput on chicken and ate many of their meats with wine. TheEgyptians didnt have forks so they used their hands to eat. Richpeople even had servants who were slaves or criminals. They hadto bring napkins and water and even had to cook for the richperson. Therefore, the river Nile provided the Egyptians with ahealthy diet of vegetables each year and their cooking methodsmade the foods delicious. 4. Writing Ancient Egypt was the first civilization to invent writing. TheEgyptians began writing 5,500 years ago. Their writing was calledhieroglyphics and it had 700 words. You could read it from top tobottom, left to right or right to left! But only the Egyptians couldtell which way the writer was writing! Historians only began tounderstand hieroglyphics when they discovered a rock called theRosetta Stone. The Rosetta Stone has three different languageson the one stone. It has Greek, Hieroglyphics and demotic withthe same exact text on the stone. This helped historiansunderstand the meaning of Egyptian hieroglyphs. So, that is whywe can read hieroglyphics today. 5. LegaciesThe Ancient Egyptians left many great inventions as legacies forthe future civilization. For example, the ancient Egyptians werethe first to invent boats. Egyptians used boats to trade, carrypassengers and to carry stones. Also, Ancient Egypt was one ofthe first civilizations to use paper called papyrus. Egyptian wrotehieroglyphics on papyrus and children used papyrus as theystudied. The Egyptian also invented many newmedicines, canals, the shaduf (for irrigation) and even the 365 daycalendar! Also Egyptian invented toys. They invented dolls, ballsand chess. But the Egyptians most important legacy was the ruler.Egyptian used rulers for math, school and for building thepyramids. If the Egyptian didnt invent the ruler there wouldnt beany pyramid in Ancient Egypt! 6. ConclusionIn conclusion, Ancient Egypt left many legacies for the future.They were the first to invent writing and grow crops sosuccessfully. The ancient Egyptians were very clever to buildarchitecture that lasted for thousands of years and the lives oftheir pharaohs are still fascinating today. 7. Reference ListAuthorDate TitleJames Mason 1999 Ancient Egypt Resource BookJoanna Defrate1993What Do We Know About The EgyptiansAnnabel Martian 1995 The EgyptiansJane Shutter1998 The Ancient EgyptiansKate Graham 1995 Ancient EgyptDate accessed Website25.10.12www.historyforkids.org