An analytical study of pre buddhist philosophical teachings
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- 1. PRE BUDDHIST PHILOSOPHICAL TEACHINGS ON EPISTEMOLOGY Ven.Dangaswewa Vajira Thero Subject BUPH-22043 Year- Second Year BHIKSU UNIVERSITY OF SRILANKA
- 2. OUTLINES Concept of Pre Buddhism Social status quo of pre Buddhism Philosophical teachings & Epistemology Conclusion references
- 3. CONCEPT OF PRE BUDDHISM Indus valley civilization.(Mohejo daro- harappa) People who have been living in this area are not derived from any civilization Later the ARYANS ,men came from middle east countries, came and invaded . None aryans followed their religious life with concepts of Ascetic life style Aryans followed the way of God concept
- 4. RELIGIOUS STATUS BETWEEN ARYANS & NONE ARYANS Characteristic Indus Valley Aryans Religious practice Meditation Sacrifice (to the gods) Main practitioner Ascetic Priest Purpose of life Liberation This life, then heaven Focus in life Renunciation Rebirth as householder Morals based on Karma Social values Social position Equality Caste (Brahmanic) Origin of Wisdom Own (meditation) experience Scriptures like Vedas
- 5. SOCIAL STATUS QUO OF PRE BUDDHISM THE INDUS VALLEY CIVILISATION People of the Indus Valley Civilization ,called Harappa Civilization after the major city of Harappa, were mainly farmers, although recent finds are indicating a well developed culture. Eminent scholars have concluded that the origins of the practices of yoga and meditation can be traced to the Indus Valley civilization. An image of a human figure has been found that is seated in a cross-legged posture, hands resting on the knees and eyes narrowed ,clearly suggesting meditation. Also, the wandering ascetic is frequently mentioned. These ascetics are said to have practiced methods of mind training, to have been celibate, naked or clothed in the most meager of garments, to have had no fixed abode, and to have taught a way beyond birth and death.
- 6. THE ARYANS According to most scholars, the original Indus Valley civilization was abruptly interrupted sometime between 1800 and 1500 BCE by an invasion of the Aryans ,people from a region somewhere in Eastern Europe. They were warriors and traders, as opposed to the original population of farmers. After the middle of the second millennium BCE, Indian society became largely dominated by Aryan values. Many of the Aryan principles still dominate "orthodox Indian philosophy" and present-day Hinduism; such as the importance of the Vedic scriptures and the supremacy of the Brahmic class ,origins of the caste-system.
- 7. PHILOSOPHICAL TEACHINGS & EPISTEMOLOGY Indus valley The religion of the Indus Valley civilization evidently contained several important elements. meditation, or the practice of training the mind, the practice of renunciation, abandoning household life and living the life of a homeless ascetic, or mendicant conception of rebirth or reincarnation occurring over the course of a countless number of lives, a sense of moral responsibility extending beyond this life, some form of the conception of karma. paramount goal of religious life, namely, the goal of liberation, of freedom from the endless cycle of birth and death.
- 8. Aryans Their origins lay in Eastern Europe, and their religion in many ways resembled that of the ancient Greeks, Greek pantheon Aryans revered a number of gods who were personifications of natural phenomena, including Indra (not unlike Zeus), the god of thunder lightning; Agni, the god of fire, Varuna, the god of water
- 9. while the religion of the Indus Valley civilization stressed renunciation, meditation, rebirth, karma, and the final goal of liberation, the Aryan religion stressed this life, ritual sacrifice, loyalty, wealth, progeny, power, and heaven. Thus it is clear that the sets of religious attitudes, practices, and values professed by these two ancient civilizations of India were almost diametrically opposed to each
- 10. EVIDENCES Buddha's life. For example, after his birth, two distinct types of people made predictions about his future greatness. The first prophesy was pronounced by Asita, who was a hermit and ascetic living in the mountains, although the biographies of the Buddha insist that Asita was a Brahmin, a member of the priestly caste of Aryan society. A little later, we are told that 108 Brahmins were invited to the ceremony for bestowing a name on the young Buddha. There, they also prophesied the future greatness of the child. These men were evidently priests who had not renounced household life and who thus represented the original, orthodox practice accepted in the Aryan fold.
- 11. CONCLUSION What is pre Buddhist period? People ,society, economy, politics, during this era. Pre Buddhist Process of lifestyle of people in India. Religion and epistemology in the contemporary society .
- 12. REFERENCES Brhmajala sutta,silakkandavagga, diganikaya http://www.buddhismtoday.com/english/philosop hy/thera/001-background.htm (00:03 A.M- 02/10/2016) http://www.viewonbuddhism.org/pre_buddhism_ history.html-(00:15A.M-02/10/2016) https://beingtrulyhuman.org/articles/issues/44/0 6-pre-buddhist-thought-in-india 00:15A.M- 02/10/2016)
- 13. THANK YOU