Action learning and problem-based learning

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Action learning, problem-based learning, classroom practice, case study

Transcript of Action learning and problem-based learning

Management Consulting Masterclass

Teaching & Learning for high performance academicians

Eric SandelandsDirectorCorporate learning consultants ltd

www.yourclearadvantage.comHow does action learning and problem-based learning support the development and performance of students?What will be addressedImplementing effective learning in the classroom based upon the principles of action learning and problem-based learningSmall group discussions will follow

Corporate Learning Consultants Ltd.

Opening thoughtWe cant solve problems by using the same kind of thinking we used when we created them

Albert Einstein(From Marquardt & Teo, forthcoming)

Corporate Learning Consultants Ltd.

Application of action learning to classroom setting

Corporate Learning Consultants Ltd.Action learning and experienceAction learning elementsCorporate Learning Consultants Ltd.Preparing to learn (Raelin)ExperienceClassroomExperienceClassroomCan These Be Combined?Corporate Learning Consultants Ltd.6The question next turns to "how" to create a learning environment within the community. For so many individuals, learning is equated with classroom education, whether the classroom be at a school or a university or at a training site. Although some useful concepts and practices can be picked up in a classroom, for the most part, it represents a sterile environment far removed from the wild and woolly world of the workplace.

Without a real-time demonstration of an illustrated tool or concept, the effectiveness of any classroom lesson could be at best temporary.

Action learning in a classroom settingLearning in a classroom environment can feel sterileIts removed from the realities of the workplace and life outsideAction learning can bring life, interest and meaning

Corporate Learning Consultants Ltd.

TheoryLEARNING ExperimentationExperienceReflectionAdapting the action learning cycle (Raelin) R e T h e o r i z i n gCorporate Learning Consultants Ltd.8The Ultimate Goal: To Learn Together Constitute students working on real problems where possible. Discuss not only the practical dilemmas arising from actions in their work settings, but the applications or misapplications of theories and concepts to these actions. Develop a social culture in their own right. Afford real-time experience in group dynamics, such as providing and accepting feedback. Provide a base of support.Corporate Learning Consultants Ltd.(Adapted from Raelin)Learning in teams9Learning teams assemble participants who as operating managers are working on real problems occurring in their respective organizations either as an individual on a project or as part of a team project.

A move towards facilitationOpportunity to facilitate rather than direct as the expertOpportunity to instil learning principles rather than subject knowledgeOpportunity to help teams maximize learning from their time together

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Experiential inquiry

Corporate Learning Consultants Ltd.Problem-based learningProblem-based learningCorporate Learning Consultants Ltd.What is problem-based learning?In problem-based learning (PBL), small groups of students are presented with contextual situations and asked to define the problem, decide what skills and resources are necessary to investigate the problem and then pose possible solutions.(Duch, Groh & Allen, 2001)

PBL courses start with the problems rather than with exposition of disciplinary knowledge.

Students acquire knowledge skills and understanding through a staged sequence of problems presented in sequence.

(McCarthy)Corporate Learning Consultants Ltd.13Work on problem scenarioLead through the processStudents pose questions, learning issues, identifying what they need to knowrank the learning issues in terms of importance and decide who will investigate which issueidentify needed resources and where they might be foundgather needed information through individual and group investigation

reconvene to integrate informationgenerate and evaluate possible solutionsmake needed decisions or take agreed upon actionscommunicate results as appropriate for problem resolutiondebrief on problem solving experience(Howard)

Learning is initiated with a problemCorporate Learning Consultants Ltd.The process of problem-based learning?Problem EngagementInquiry and Investigationproblem definitionProblem ResolutionProblem DebriefingStepien & GallagherCorporate Learning Consultants Ltd.15What is problem-based learning?Visual representation of the PBL process: The graphic shown here has been adapted from those found in Stepien, W.J., & Pyke, S.L. (1997). Designing problem-based learning units. Journal for the Education of the Gifted, 20(4), 380-400; and in units designed as part of Project P-BLiSS, a project funded by the Jacob K. Javits Gifted and Talented Program, Shelagh Gallagher, Project Director.The four phases includeEngagement Students become interested in problem situation and begin posing questions that lead to investigation.Investigation Students explore problem to extend their knowledge & skills. Toward the end of this phase, they frame a problem statement.Resolution Students make a decision with regard to a solution and decide how best to represent their solution.Debriefing Students step outside problem to reflect and generalize both content and process.A suggested PBL processSmall groups of students (