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  • 1. Cooperation and collaboration tostrengthen the global research cycleKay Raseroka and Lucy Browse lbrowse@inasp.infowww.inasp.infoSlide 1

2. The purpose of Higher Education: Higher education institutions haveresponsibility for equipping individuals with the knowledge and skills required for keypositions in government, business, industryand professions. They produce new knowledge through research and can transfer, adapt anddisseminate knowledge as well as being important institutions of civil society. Universities and development: global cooperation Universities UKhttp://www.universitiesuk.ac.uk/Publications/Documents/UniversitiesAndDevelopment20101011.pdfSlide 2 3. What about Higher Education institutions in developing countries? 1960s and 70s institutions of excellence, producing leading researchers Years of neglect 80s, 90s pressure to expand, insufficient funding (government and donor) quality plummeted prospects for research severely damaged 2000 onward Universities slowly being rebuilt Donors return to HE (influential World Bank publications) 2010+ Decade of investment, initiatives, programmes 3 Slide Successes, but still a lot to be done 4. Where we find ourselves: In the context of our continent:Often facing social, political and economic challengesThe impact of the global recession yet to be fully realisedIn the context of scholarly institutions: Historical legacy economically, structurally and institutionallyFor the individual scholar: Pulled between the research requirements and the teaching requirements of his/her institution Skills gained overseas can atrophy without CPD supportSlide 4 5. Exploring the issues UniversityChallengeUniversities are complex fixing them isnt easy. Financial constraints are significant but not the only problem Organisational constraints: structures, systems and university governance Research management critical funding and grant preparation Good libraries access to materials and information Clear research agendas Postgraduate training plans and proper research career structures Incentives to do research enabling an attractive research culture Better data for planning and monitoring Slide 5 6. Some contradictions: (1) Developed world universities wouldclaim to be using an a-historical universal model BUTWhere do developing country universities fit into the game of research rankings ?Slide 6 7. Some contradictions: (2) There is no issue about the basics of what makes for robust research BUT The context within which that research content is made available is very different in the developing worldSlide 7 8. Some contradictions: (3) Research communication infomediarieshave largely achieved availability andquantity of contentBUT Access: i.e. usability, capability and usageare the continuing challengesSlide 8 9. Some more contradictions: (4) Technical access remains a huge challengedespite initiatives like BandwidthManagement and Optimisation (BMO)BUT Although the Eastern / Western African sea boardfibre optic cables are in place, landlockedcountries (at least) will still be disadvantagedbecause of tax-seeking by coastal countriesand/or by their own governments: i.e. passing onthe cost levied on them to institutionsSlide 9 10. UbuntuNet Research & Education Network The first network of its kind in Africa Launched in November 2012 The network will dramatically accelerate thedevelopment of the information society in Africa,providing advanced data communicationsinfrastructure and enabling African researchersto collaborate more easily in advancedInternational Research projects Video: http://www.africaconnect.ue/MediaCenter/Pages/Launch- Event-video.aspx Slide 10 11. Steve Song Map looking at 2014: Download speeds December 2011, journal article from UK-based publisher: 55 seconds at the University of Nairobi 2-4 minutes at two campuses of the University of Malawi in Lilongwe but even with several attempts a user in Uganda (outside of Kampala) was unable to download the article at all.Slide 11 12. And what for the future? The partnerships, cooperation and collaboration thathave been achieved across the global south and northare vital to strengthen research and our work. We must ensure that capacity, expertise and policiesare embedded at a local level. This will include: More southern voices included in debates aroundavailability, access and use of research More advocacy at Govt. level to help build anddevelop the vision of the WSIS knowledge societiesSlide 12 13. What are we already seeing?A large, young,technologically hungryand increasingly media-clevercohort of up-and-comingresearchers needs you to reachout to themTheir aspirations are importantin preparing for our collectivefuture Slide 13 14. Partnerships building bridges Digital Libraries- Green stone (digital library software) - International Network for the Availability ofScientific Publications (INASP) - Electronic Information for Libraries (eIFL) Project DL support organisations- Greenstone support organisation for Africa (GSOA) We now turn to the work of our partners - INASPSlide 14 15. INASP facts and figures Established in 1992 19 permanent staff International Board of Trustees Works in Africa, Asia and Latin America 22 partner countries, over 100 eligible countries Funded mainly by partner countries and EuropeangovernmentsSlide 15 16. Putting research at the heart of development Our aim is that our work is sustainable beyond ourinvolvement We cooperate with local people, institutions andorganisations - supporting them to develop the capacity andrelationships needed for greater global participation andpartnerships We co-design our work for the individual countryinfrastructure, HE policies and socio-economic situation. Slide 16 17. Who is the INASP network?Kindred organisations Librarians at 1600Over 6539 registered HEIs ICT professionalsresearchers, at HEIs, NRENsinc. 800 mentors Library consortiaand NGOs 300+ HEI &Editors of over 675 50 academic parliamentary journals published inpublishers/aggregators policy makersSouthSlide 17 18. Availability international research informationindigenous journals Journals OnlineCommunicationand Uptake AccessBandwidth Managementinto policy and by practitioners Library infrastructureEvidence Informed Policy MakingResearch SystemCreationUsesupport researchers information literacyAuthorAIDpromotion and advocacy Slide 18 19. 3,281,456 scholarly articles were accessed through the PERii programmein 2012AvailabilitySlide 19 Inju, Flikr 20. INASP Research Availability INASP negotiates free or proportionately priced access Funding = real-world economic model: Countries own their budget - transitioning from donor funding to self- funding Consortia development and buy-in to collective purchase/cooperation are key Countries select the resources they want (we respond to requests) Publishers commit to affordable sustainable prices provide COUNTER compliant usage statistics gain a new route for the dissemination of their materials and contribute to the strengthening of global researchSlide 20 21. Interdisciplinary resources: 2012 50+ publishers and aggregators offering 11,000 full text books 31,476 full text journals 23,072 abstracted journals 82 databases Document delivery from 20,000 journals throughthe British Library List of free and Open Access resources Cooperation and collaboration Slide 21 22. The Importance of Advocacywww.pubs-for-dev.info 23. Why PfD? Explore how to contribute beyond availability EditorialITTraMar ketinginin g Sal es A forum for information and discussion for ALL publishersIncrease understanding of theShare best practice,unique challenges developments, developing country libraries,ideas,researchers and publishers experiencefind information, reports and news 24. Annual Conferencein Action: Case StudiesSharing best practicePromoting success storiesOffering guidanceProviding ideasNewsletter Sign-up at: http://eepurl.com/cBoao 25. Core discussions so far: low-bandwidth environments: supporting andencouraging resource interface design to increaseaccess; supporting developing country researchers:encouraging greater visibility, inclusion andcontribution; raising resource awareness: producing low-resolution promotional materials. Use networks! 26. Access in low-bandwidthenvironments what can be done?Launched in 2012:INASP Bandwidth Management and Optimisation Works with institutions to reserve scarcebandwidth for core institutional purposes Encourages strengthening and formation ofNational Research and Education networks 27. Bandwidth mattersAs James Lush of the Biochemical Society, bloggedfollowing a recent bandwidth session:Improving access makes an enormous difference to theprofessional lives of individuals; how they work and think,their research impacts and their reputation and thereputation of their environment.For researchers in developing countries to succeed inresearch on the global stage, the challenges are many. Butcreating usable interfaces seems a simple place to start(http://bit.ly/FPOZpL). 28. Access & Use It will enable me to encourage use of e-resources in my teaching at graduate and undergraduate levels. Workshop participant, ZimbabweSlide 28 29. Unique Institutions Registered Number of eligibleinstitutions from1,622 in 2012partner countrieson the onlineregistration system More institutionsregister each yearas INASPs activityincreases theRipple Effect Slide 29 30. Developing library infrastructure Using OS solutions for; Library automation / resource discovery tools Digitisation and institutional repositories e.g. KOHA, VuFind, Dspace, Drupal2010 Institutional repository training in Sri Lanka > 8 new institutional repositories e.g. University of Moratuwa: all 1650+ dissertations > federated search developed at national levelSlide 30 31. Training & Capacity building Training the trainer & pedagogy skills Marketing and promotion of e-resources Monito