10.11.11 acct meeting

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Deck on technogolies ability to transform higher education

Transcript of 10.11.11 acct meeting

  • 1.
    • Disruptive Innovation:
  • A Different Way to View Higher Education Change
  • ACCT
  • Symposium on Student Success
  • Generating A Policy Agenda
  • October 11, 2011
  • Louis Soares
  • Director -Postsecondary Education Program
  • Center for American Progress

2. What Students/Society Want from College?

  • Content
  • Skills
  • Socialization
  • Credentials

Do these deliverables need to be done in the same place at the same time? Or Can they be unbundled? 3. Unbundling College:Service By Service

  • Instruction delivery
  • learning content publishing and library services
  • career and educational management services
  • tutoring/mentoring and test-prep services
  • academic and technical standards
  • assessment, and certification services
  • learning management
  • enterprise platform services
  • quality assurance services


  • Disruptive Innovation Process
  • Non-consumption
  • Functionality
  • Reliability
  • Simplicity
  • Cost Reduction


  • Process Of Disruptive Innovation
  • Sophisticated customers not interested
  • New Customers, less complex needs, expectations
  • Move up market without replicating cost structure

6. Enablers of Disruptive Innovation

  • Technology Enabler
  • Business Model

7. Technology Enabler Online Education 2003 10 % 2014 50 % 8. 2009 37% of all courses 9. Business Models How Value is Delivered 10. Three Basic Type of Business Models

  • Solution Shops
    • diagnose and solve unstructured problems
    • consulting firms, advertising agencies, hospital diagnoses
    • Deliver value through people they employ
    • Revenue - fee for service
    • Research in Universities
  • Value Adding Process businesses
    • organize inputs that are incomplete and turn them into outputs of higher value
    • Manufacturing, restaurants, retailing
    • Revenue outputs of their work
    • Most Teaching in K12 and Universities
  • Facilitated user networks
    • Enterprise in which participants exchange things with each other
    • Mutual insurance companies, telecommunications
    • Fee for membership, fee for use


  • Historical Business Models
  • Knowledge Creation (research)
  • Knowledge Proliferation (teaching)
  • Preparation for Life and Careers
  • Disruptive Innovation
  • Online Education
  • Focused on teaching and learning
  • Highly structured delivery
  • Learning Analytics
  • Target on prep for careers
  • Competency-based

12. Policy Makers Should

  • Eliminate barriers that block disruptive innovations and partner with the innovators to provide better educational opportunities
  • Remove barriers that judge institutions based on their inputs such as seat time, credit hours, and student faculty ratios
  • Not focus on degree attainment as the sole measure of success
  • Fund higher education with aim of increasing quality and decreasing cost
  • Recognize the continued importance of research institutions

13. Existing Institutions

  • Apply the correct business model for the task
  • Drive the disruptive innovation
  • Develop a strategy of focus
  • Frame online learning as a sustaining innovation


  • Thank You!
  • Questions?

15. Disruption Across Industries Merrill Lynch Charles Schwab Web-based financial transactions Financial Services ? ? ? Higher Education Most newspapers (except NY Times) Craigslist, Google Web-enabled markets Newspapers ATT, Ma Bell Sprint, Nokia Cell phones Telecommunications Travel Agents Expedia, Kayak Web-based booking Travel Incumbent DisruptorTechnology Industry 16. Disruptive Innovation is the Process by which

  • A Sector That .
  • with complicated products services
  • that were expensive and inaccessible.
  • And served only a limited few sophisticated customers
  • Is transformed into one which
  • Offers products and services that
  • Are simple, affordable and convenient serving.
  • Manyno matter their wealth and expertise
  • How?
  • Redefines quality in a simple often disparaged application
  • Slowly improves taking for market share by taking on complicated problems
  • Without replicating cost structure