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Q.5 a) It is observed that a run-of-river plant operates as peak load plant with a wcekly loadfactor of 25 % all this capacity being firm capacity. Determine the minimum flow inthe river so that power plant may act as a base load plant .the following data issupplicd:Rated installed capacity of generating plant = 10 MW, operating head = 16 m, plantefficiency = 86 %.If the stream flow is 15 m'ls, Find the daily load factor of theplant.
b) Explain with help of neat diagram the construction and working of a nuclear powerplant.
c) Explain the concept of Fluidized Bed Combustion (FBC) with neat sketch in detail.
Q.6 a) The air in the gas turbinc plant is taken in L.P. compressor at 293 K and l.05 bar andafter compression it is passed through the intercooler whcre its tcmperature isreduced to 300 K .the cooled air is further compressed in H.P. unit and then passed inthe combustion chamber where its temperature is increased to 750 c by burning thefuel. The combustion products expand in H.P. turbine which runs the compressor andfurther expansion is continued in L.P. turbine which runs the alternator. The gasescoming out from L.P. turbine are used for heating the incoming air from H.P.compressor and then expandcd to atmospherc.Pressure ratio of each compressor ~ 2, isentropic efficiency of each compressor stage~ 82 %, isentropic efficiency of each turbine stage = 82 %, effectiveness of heatexchanger = 0.72, air flow = 16 kg/s, calorific value of fuel ~ 42000 kJlkg K, c, (forgas) = 1.0 kJlkg K, Cp (for gas) = I. I5 kJlkg K, y (for air) =1.4, y (for gas) =1.33.Neglecting the mechanical, pressure and heat losses of the system and fuel mass also.Determine the following:i)The power outputii)Thermal efficiencyiii)Specific fuel consumption
(4 M) (5 M)
Maximum marks: 70
(b) Superheated steam(d) Air
T2 = [P2]O.286T, P,
In which one of the following working substances, docs the relation hold good if theprocess takes place with zero heat transfer?
(a) Wet steam(c) Petrol vapour and air mixture
Duration: 3 hours
Question no 1 is compulsoryAttempt any 4 questions out of remaining 5 from Q.2 to Q.6
Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar Technological University Lonere -Raigad
END SEMESTER EXAMINATION
Class: B. Tech. (Mechanical Engineering)Semester - VIII
Subject: Power Plant Technology (MES02)
Writc only answer out of four options for the following objective questions.1) Match List I with List II and select the correct answer (these pertain to nuclear (I M)
reactors) .List I List IIA. Coolant I. Carbon dioxideB. Control rod 2. ZirconiumC. Poison 3. CadmiumD. Cladding 4. Graphite
5. HafniumCodcs:- ABC DAB C 0
(a) 5 2 3 4 (b) 5 I 3 4(c) I 3 5 2 (d) I 2 5 3
calculate: i) Brake powerii) Brake specific fuel consumptioniii) Brakc thermal efficiency
Draw heat balancc sheet on minute basis.
What factor should be considered while selecting a site for a gas turbine power plant?
State and explain various types of wind mills.
Draw and explain the layout of diesel engine power plant.
Explain with the help of neat diagram working of Boiling Water Reactor (BWR).
3) The equivalent evaporation (kglhr) of a boiler producing 2000 kglhr of steam with (I 1\1)enthalpy contcnt of 2426 kJ/kg from feed water at temperature 40C (liquid enthalpy= 168 kJlkg, enthalpy of vaporisation of water at 100C = 2258 kJ/kg) is
Assertion (A): The thermal efficiency of a gas turbine plant is low as compared to (I M)that of reciprocating IC engines.Reason (R): In a gas turbine plant, the maximum pressure and temperature are lowwhen compared to those of reciprocating IC engines.
-End of the paper-----.- __4)
(a) 2000 (b) 2149 (c) 1682 (d) 1649
(a) Both A and R are individually true and R is the correct explanation of A(b) Both A and R are individually true but R is not the correct explanation of A(c) A is true but R is false(d) A is false but R is true
10) Which one of the following types of nuclear reactor DOES NOT require a heat (1 M)exchanger?(a) Boiling water (b) Pressurized water (c) Sodium-cooled (d) Gas