© Boardworks Ltd 2003 Grammar 3 The preterite tense The imperfect tense Using the imperfect and...

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Transcript of © Boardworks Ltd 2003 Grammar 3 The preterite tense The imperfect tense Using the imperfect and...

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  • Boardworks Ltd 2003 Grammar 3 The preterite tense The imperfect tense Using the imperfect and preterite together The imperfect continuous
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  • Boardworks Ltd 2003 The preterite tense 1 The PRETERITE tense is used to talk about completed actions in the past. It is used: (1)in telling stories and for non descriptive events. (2)to recount a list or series of completed actions in the past. (3)to describe actions in the past which happened only once. (4)to describe actions that went on but finished in the past. It is the most useful and used of the past tenses but also has the most irregularities! It is recognised by the English I did something. Examples: Llam por telfono a las nueve. I rang at nine. Me levant temprano. I got up early. Viv cinco aos en Madrid.I lived in Madrid for five years.
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  • Boardworks Ltd 2003 There are two sets of regular endings to learn: (1)-AR (2) -ER/ -IR As with other tenses you have to: (1) take the infinitive (2) take off the infinitive ending (3) add the endings for the tense. -AR endings - -aste - -amos -asteis -aron -ER / -IR endings - -iste -i -imos -isteis -ieron Notice the we ending in AR and IR verbs is the same as in the present tense The preterite tense 2
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  • Boardworks Ltd 2003 hablar = to speak / talk habl Regular -AR verbs. aste amos asteis aron The preterite tense 3 I spoke, I did speak. You spoke, you did speak. He /she/ it spoke, did speak. We spoke, we did speak. You spoke, you did speak. They spoke, they did speak.
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  • Boardworks Ltd 2003 Choose 3 of the verbs below and write it out in full: aceptar = to accept cantar = to sing llorar = to cry amar = to love charlar = to chat mirar = to look at arreglar = to fix dibujar = to draw pagar = to pay ayudar = to help entrar = to go in pescar = to fish bajar = to go down ganar = to win saltar = to jump bailar = to dance lavar = to wash tocar = to touch llenar = to fill viajar = to travel Put the verb in brackets into the correct part of the preterite. 1.Yo (ayudar) ________ en casa. 2.Las chicas (bailar) ________ en la discoteca. 3.Nosotros (cantar) ________ en la clase de msica. 4.Vosotras (entrar) ________ en el cine para ver la pelcula. 5.T (ganar) ________ un premio en la lotera, verdad? 6.Mi padre siempre (pescar) ________ en el ro. 7.Ana (viajar) ________ a los Estados Unidos el ao pasado. 8.Yo (llenar) ________ una cesta con manzanas. 9.Mi hijo (dibujar) ________ muy bien en su examen de arte. 1.Yo (ayudar) ayud en casa. 2.Las chicas (bailar) bailaron en la discoteca. 3.Nosotros (cantar) cantamos en la clase de msica. 4.Vosotras (entrar) entrasteis en el cine para ver la pelcula. 5.T (ganar) ganaste un premio en la lotera, verdad? 6.Mi padre siempre (pescar) pesc en el ro. 7.Ana (viajar) viaj a los Estados Unidos el ao pasado. 8.Yo (llenar) llen una cesta con manzanas. 9.Mi hijo (dibujar) dibuj muy bien en su examen de arte. The preterite tense 4 Regular -AR verbs.
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  • Boardworks Ltd 2003 comer = to eat com iste i imos isteis ieron Regular -ER verbs. The preterite tense 5 I ate, I did eat. You ate, you did eat. He / she / it ate, did eat. We ate, we did eat. You ate, you did eat. They ate, they did eat.
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  • Boardworks Ltd 2003 Practice saying or writing out these other verbs. beber = to drink leer= to read correr = to run meter = to put coser = to sew vender= to sell deber = to owe ver= to see Put the verb in brackets into the correct part of the preterite. 1. Mis amigos (beber) ________ caf con leche toda la noche. 2. Mi ta (coser) ________ muchos vestidos. 3. Yo (correr) ________ para coger el autobs. 4. Los chicos (meter) ________ la ropa en el armario. 5. T (leer) ________ el reportaje en el peridico. 6. Los supermercados (vender) ________ de todo. 7. Luis me (deber) ________ mucho dinero. 8. Los alumnos (ver) ________ un programa muy bueno. 1. Mis amigos (beber) bebieron caf con leche toda la noche. 2. Mi ta (coser) cosi muchos vestidos. 3.Yo (correr) corr para coger el autobs. 4. Los chicos (meter) metieron la ropa en el armario. 5. T (leer) leiste el reportaje en el peridico. 6. Los supermercados (vender) vendieron de todo. 7. Luis me (deber) debi mucho dinero. 8. Los alumnos (ver) vieron un programa muy bueno. The preterite tense 6 Regular -ER verbs.
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  • Boardworks Ltd 2003 ABRIR= to open abr iste i imos isteis ieron Regular -IR verbs. The preterite tense 7 I opened, I did open. You opened, you did open. He / she / it opened, did open. We opened, we did open. You opened, you did open. They opened, they did open.
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  • Boardworks Ltd 2003 Practice saying or writing out these other verbs. Like ABRIR batir = to beat escribir = to write cubrir = to cover permitir = to allow recibir = to receive Put the verb in brackets into the correct part of the preterite. 1. Mi madre (batir) ________ los huevos para hacer una tortilla. 2. Los obreros (cubrir) ________ los agujeros en la carreterra. 3. Yo (recibir) ________ muchos regalos el da de mi cumpleaos. 4. Elena (escribir) ________ a sus amigas de la universidad. 5. El guardia me (permitir) ________ pasar. 1. Mi madre (batir) bati los huevos para hacer una tortilla. 2. Los obreros (cubrir) cubrieron los agujeros en la carreterra. 3. Yo (recibir) recib muchos regalos el da de mi cumpleaos. 4. Elena (escribir) escribi a sus amigas de la universidad. 5. El guardia me (permitir) permiti pasar. The preterite tense 8 Regular -IR verbs.
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  • Boardworks Ltd 2003 The first group of irregular verbs are only slightly irregular as they show spelling changes in the first person singular only. There are three types: (1) Verbs which end in GAR change to GU (2) Verbs which end in CAR change to QU (3) Verbs which end in ZAR change to C jugar = to play juguI played jugaste you played jug he she it played jugamos we played jugasteis you played jugaron they played explicar = to explain expliqu I explained explicaste you explained explic he she it explained explicamos we explained explicasteis you explained explicaron they explained cruzar = to cross cruc I crossed cruzaste you crossed cruz he / she it crossed cruzamos we crossed cruzasteis you crossed cruzaron they crossed The preterite tense 9 Irregular verbs.
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  • Boardworks Ltd 2003 apagar = to put out acercarse = to approach cazar = to hunt cargar = to load atacar = to attack empezar = to begin descargar = to unload buscar = to look for organizar = to organizeentregar = to hand over secar = to dry rezar = to pray llegar = to arrive pescar = to fish utilizar = to usenavegar = to sail chocar contra = to crash intopagar = to pay sacar = to take outregar= to water marcar = to score a goal, dial a number The preterite tense 10 Irregular verbs. The following verbs work in the same way. Can you write out three of them in full?
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  • Boardworks Ltd 2003 Some spelling changes occur in the 3 rd person of a limited number of verbs which do not have a spelling change in any other person. Verb 1 st person3 rd person3 rd person singular singular plural caer = to fall ca cay cayeron creer = to believe cre crey creyeron leer = to read le ley leyeron or = to hear o oy oyeron destruir = destru destruy destruyeron to destroy construir = constru construy construyeron to build The preterite tense 11 Irregular verbs.
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  • Boardworks Ltd 2003 Spelling change verbs. Unlike the present tense in which the spelling change verbs change in four persons, in the preterite tense the changes only affect two of the three types and occur in the 3 rd person only. (1)o > ue verbs The most common verbs affected here are dormir(se) and morir(se) DORMIR(SE) durmidurmierondorm Pedro durmi bien en su tienda. Se durmi en seguida. Pedro slept well in his tent. He went to sleep at once. El soldado cas muri de risa. Al da siguiente se muri en la batalla. The soldier nearly died of laughter. The next day he died in the battle. MORIR(SE) mormurimurieron The preterite tense 12
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  • Boardworks Ltd 2003 The second spelling change group involves -IR verbs. PEDIR pedpidi pidieron En el restaurante Paco pidi tortilla de jamn. Paco asked for ham omelette in the restaurant. Mis amigos pidieron una paella enorme. My friends ordered an enormous paella. The preterite tense 13 (2) e > i verbs
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  • Boardworks Ltd 2003 What would the third person singular and plural be for each of the verbs below? despedirse de = to say goodbye to divertirse = to enjoy oneself hervir = to boil pedir = to ask for preferir = to prefer rendirse = to surrender repetir = to repeat seguir = to follow sentir = to feel, to be sorry servir = to serve vestirse = to get dressed se despidi se despidieron se divirti se divirtieron hirvi hirvieron pidi pidieron prefiri prefirieron rindi rindieron repiti repitieron sigui siguieron sinti sintieron sirvi sirvieron se visti se vistieron The preterite tense 14
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  • Boardworks Ltd 2003 The last group of irregular verbs in the preterite tense is easy once you have learnt the first person singular! PONER = to put puse pusiste puso pusimos pusisteis pusieron There are no accents on these verbs. Just learn the first person and then put the endings on the new stem. The endings are almost the same as for regular er and ir verbs. Can you spot the differences? The preterite tense 15 I put You put He / she / it put We put You put They put
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