Zhongwen Tomo 2

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Transcript of Zhongwen Tomo 2

  • 2

  • CIP

    /.2006.12

    ISBN 7-81029-636-1

    .... H195

    /0086-10-68320122

    /0086-20-87206866

    /

    /0086-20-85221583

    1997 6 1 2006 12 2 2006 12 787mm1092mm 1/16 8.375

  • 2

    1996

    48

    1224AB1219976

    19991156020002003

    http//www.chinaqw.com

    http//hwy.jnu.edu.cn

    1997

    5248

    1 2 1

    1996

    2001

    1988

    14

    12314

    116

    21

  • 2

    7

    112

    5

    145

    14

    5

    1997

    2

    1986

    16

    2006628

    2 2

  • Preface

    Zhongwen (Mandarin Chinese Language) course materials of trial edition werewritten for overseas Chinese and their children in 1996 by College of Chinese

    Language and Culture, Jinan University, under the commission of Overseas Chinese

    Affairs Office of the State Council of Peoples Republic of China. The entire coursematerials consist of 48 books, including 12 text books, 24 exercise books (book A and

    book B), and 12 teacher s reference books. Publication started in June, 1997 andcompleted in November, 1999 with more than 5.6 million copies distributed up to this

    day. However, supply was not able to keep up with demand. Between 2000 and 2003,

    entrusted by Overseas Chinese Affairs Office of the State Council of Peoples Republicof China, we developed teachers Zhongwen VCD and online edition Chinese Online(see www.chinaqw.com or http//hwy.jnu.edu.cn ), and arranged a traditional Chinese

    character edition. All these products have gained a wide popularity among Chinese

    language teachers, students and their parents abroad.This revision of Zhongwen materials was authorized by Overseas Chinese Affairs

    Office of the State Council of P. R. China to College of Chinese Language and Culture

    and Education Institute of Chinese Language and Culture, Jinan University. This

    revised edition reflects actual needs and characteristics of overseas Chinese language

    education and takes in constructive advice from many sides and research findings on

    language teaching and textbook studies. The new edition of Zhongwen is now acollection of 52 books, with additional four books-one Study Pinyin textbook, twoStudy Pinyin exercise books and one Study Pinyin teacher s reference book-to theoriginal 48 books.

    The instructional goal of Zhongwen is to enable students to acquire basiclistening, speaking, reading and writing capabilities of Putonghua (Mandarin Chinese)

    through a process of learning and training, to expose students to Chinese culture and

    lay a solid ground for their further study of Chinese language and culture.

    The revision was carried out under the guidelines of Standard of ChineseLanguage Level and General Outline of Chinese Grammar (1996) issued by

    23

  • 2

    Department of Testing Affairs of China National Office for Teaching Chinese as a

    Foreign Language(NOCFL), General Outline of Chinese Language Level of Glossariesand Characters(2001) issued by China National Committee for Chinese Proficiency Test(HSK), and List of Frequently Used Characters in Modern Chinese (1988) issuedjointly by State Language Commission and Ministry of Education of China. Based on all

    above, an effort has been made at enhancing learning experience and development with

    a careful choice of characters, words, sentences, and texts. The homework exercise has

    been modified and arranged in order of increasing difficulties and advancement. These

    improvements are expected to be of enormous benefits to both teachers and students

    alike, in improving their Chinese language skills, raising their learning motivation,

    stimulating their active thinking and increasing their overall proficiency in the use of

    Chinese language. Meanwhile, extensive research was made in the existing Chinese

    textbooks that are used overseas which provided much helpful experience to the

    revision. The revised edition closely integrates instruction and practice, learning and

    application. Creative innovations have been incorporated in the course content, general

    arrangements, page design, question format and instructional concepts.

    The following is a summary of major changes including reorganization, deletion and

    addition of new materials in the revised edition:

    1. In light of the shorter term or semester in overseas Chinese schools, the number

    of lessons in each book has been reduced from 14 to 12, with a moderate simplification

    of the texts. The 12 lessons are now subdivided into four units of three lessons each,

    which are followed by a comprehensive exercise. In addition, each book includes a

    general exercise. Every text book is attached an alphabetic vocabulary which contains

    all the new words in the texts of the book, including singlesyllables and multisyllables.Each new word is marked with serial number of the text where it belongs.

    2. Lessons one to six of Book 1 are designed for character learning. The main texts

    are followed by a list of new Chinese characters without words or sentences. Beginning

    with Lesson seven in Book 1, the main texts are followed by a list of disyllabic and

    multisyllabic words and sentences, in contrast to the monosyllabic words found in theprevious lessons. Some of the main texts are also followed by a list of proper names,

    such as, names of people, places and countries.

    3. For teaching convenience, a Study Pinyin course book and two Study Pinyinexercise books are included in the revised edition. Therefore, instructional materials for

    2 4

  • 2

    pinyin are removed from the 12 textbooks. However, exercises on pinyin are included from

    exercise book 5 to above.

    4. Pinyin annotations are provided to all the main texts and reading materials in

    textbooks one to four. Beginning with Book Five, the application is limited to only new

    characters. In general, the annotations are applied character by character, except in the list

    of words or expressions and proper names following the main texts, where they are applied

    word by word. The characters are normally annotated in their original tone, with the

    exception of the neutral tones. Characters generally of light pronunciation, are annotated

    with tones when they are stressed.

    The characters (yi) and (bu) are annotated in their actual tonesaccording to the context.

    5. In retroflex finals, where the retroflex is unnecessary in written Chinese, the

    character or word is not presented in its retroflexed form; and where the retroflex is

    necessary, the character(er) is attached, e.g.,,.

    6. English translation or explanation is provided for titles of texts and exercises. Proper

    names in teachers reference books are also attached with their English equivalents.7. New strokes or radicals are listed with new characters, with the exception of lessons

    for character learning where only strokes are listed, but not radicals. In the classroom

    exercise of Learn to write in textbooks one to four, new radicals, components and

    characters are presented with their stroke order, and writing directions are noted in red

    arrows. In textbooks five and above, new characters in the classroom exercises are not

    presented with their stroke order. The stroke order is based on Stroke Order Regulation ofFrequently Used Characters in Modern Chinese, which was issued by the State LanguageCommission and the General Administration of Press and Publication of P. R. C. in 1997.

    8. For the convenience of teaching and selfinstruction, lists of new characters, wordsand some proper names are added to the reading comprehensions. Their references and

    resources are also added to the teachers reference books accordingly.9. To meet the need of certain students for traditional Chinese characters, the main

    text book is attached with a comparative list of new characters in simplified and traditional

    forms arranged in alphabetical order, and each new word is marked with serial number of

    the text where it belongs. In Book 2 and above, the alphabetical vocabulary list is

    accumulative with new words of the previous text books. The traditional characters are

    based on the 1986 version of General List of Traditional Chinese Characters issued by

    25

  • the State Language Commission. Since variant characters listed in Appendix 1 to

    General List of Traditional Chinese Characters are no longer used officially, they areno longer included as traditional characters or variant characters in this edition. The

    traditional characters also supplement the revised teachers reference books accordingly.In addition, text books one to six are attached with character learning cards forconvenience.

    10. Practice in communicative functions in Chinese is further enhanced in the

    revised edition to improve the communication skills of the students.

    We are greatly indebted to Chinese linguists, experts in Chinese language teaching,

    overseas Chinese teachers, and researchers of Chinese language that have all generouslyprovided us very useful advice and suggestions in the revision of this course.

    Finally, given the magnitude of this project and the time constraint, it is possible

    that certain omissions or errors may be observed. However, we will be very open to any

    suggestions and advice from experts, researchers, teachers, students and their parents

    on further improvement.

    Chief Compiler Jia Yimin

    June 28, 2006

    2 6

  • 2

    4 24

    TextPractise Good Manners

    30

    Reading

    Clapping Hands

    31

    Looking for a Friend

    5 32

    TextGo Shopping

    38

    ReadingMagic Chinese Characters

    6 39

    TextThings I Can Do

    45

    ReadingTongue Twister

    46

    Review 2

    Contents

    1 1

    TextAt a Chinese School

    7

    ReadingWhat a Great Chinese School

    2 8

    Text In the Classroom

    13

    ReadingI Have Grown Up

    3 15

    TextClass Is Over

    21

    ReadingYunyun Is Drawing Pictures

    22

    Review 1

    21

  • 2

    Contents7 48

    TextTwo Precious Organs of Man

    53

    ReadingMake a Guess

    8 54

    TextDoes the Moon Follow Us

    60

    ReadingA Crescent Moon

    9 61

    TextWhy

    66

    ReadingCurious Kid

    68

    Review 3

    10 72

    TextSpring Rain

    78

    ReadingSeeds

    11 79

    TextRivers

    85

    ReadingSpring Water and Sea

    12 86

    TextSchool Is Over

    92

    ReadingWe Will Never Open the Door

    94

    Review 4

    2

  • 96

    Exercises

    102

    Alphabetic VocabularyComparison between Simplified and Traditional Chinese Characters

    104

    Alphabetic Glossary

    107

    Sentences

    108

    Table of Chinese Characters Strokes 109

    Table of Stroke Order

    110

    Names of Radicals of Chinese Characters

    113

    Phonetic System of the Chinese Language

    116

    Alphabetic Vocabulary 1Comparison between Simplified and Traditional Chinese Characters

    2

    Contents

    3

  • 2

    At a Chinese School

    zi zhnwn xu xio

    1

    w zi zhn wn xu xio xu x lo sh jio w men shu

    hn y xi hn z hu hur w x

    hun xu zhnwn

    21

  • 2

    Sentence

    Characters

    hu x hun

    zi jio hn y xi z

    wmen hny hnz xhun

    w zi zhnwn xu xio xu x

    Words and expressions

    2

  • 2

    i i 1 Learn to write.

    Exercises in Class

    3

  • 2

    d yi d2 Read aloud.

    4

  • 2

    3 Expand and substitute.

    5

  • 2

    xin yi xin shu yi shu5 Think and answer the following questions.

    1

    2

    3

    du hu4 Dialogue

    6

  • 2

    Words and expressions

    zhnwn xu xio zhn sh ho

    What a Great Chinese School

    wn xu xio zhn sh ho

    xio pn you men k b sho

    y q po li y q tio

    y q chn li y q xio

    yu xu xi z yu hu hur

    d y hu bn ln o

    po tio xio y bn ln

    huhur zhnd yhu bnln

    Characters

    zhn

    Reading

    zhn

    7

  • 2

    In the Classroom

    i

    i

    i

    2

    8

  • 2

    Characters

    Words and expressions

    n t b

    bn z jin

    jio sh l sh m b

    Sentence

    9

  • 2

    Exercises in Class

    i i 1 Learn to write.

    10

  • 2

    d yi d2 Read aloud.

    11

  • 2

    3 Expand and substitute.

    du hu4 Dialogue

    12

  • 2

    Reading

    1

    2

    d

    I Have Grown Up

    xin yi xin shu yi shu5 Think and answer the following questions.

    13

  • 2

    Words and expressions

    Characters

    qn jio d yn hi xn

    yjn ydn zhdo ynwn

    2

    le

    ! i

    14

  • 2

    Class Is Over

    fn xu le

    3

    jn tin xn q w fn xu le b b zi ch shn

    o su w xi w yu y e xio pn you li w men ji

    w wn t sh shi b b shu sh yn yun yn

    yun sh w de ho pn you w tn le zhn ki xn

    15

  • 2

    Sentence

    t sh shi

    fn jn xn q o s

    fnxu jntin xnq osu xiw pnyou kixn

    pn yu wn shi tn xn

    w

    Characters

    Words and expressions

    16

  • 2

    i i 1 Learn to write.

    Exercises in Class

    17

  • 2 18

  • 2

    d yi d2 Read aloud.

    3 Expand and substitute.

    19

  • 2

    r

    r

    1

    2

    3

    du hu4 Dialogue

    wn yi wn d yi d5 Ask and answer the following questions.

    20

  • 2

    Characters

    yn yun hu hur

    Yunyun Is Drawing Pictures

    tnhu huji

    n xin j zi hu

    Words and expressions

    hur

    hur

    Reading

    hur

    21

  • 2

    xi ch di xi b shu de z1. Write

    characters with the given radicals after the model.l

    zho l zi z c y2. Form phrases after the model.

    l

    zn h lin x y

    Review 1

    {

    { { { {

    22

  • 2

    xun c y tin kn3. Choose the right words to fill in the blanks.

    zho l zi lin yi lin 4. Link and form phrases after the model.

    zho l zi xi yi xi5. Reconstruct sentences with the given words after the model.

    l

    1

    2

    3

    23

  • 2

    Practise Good Manners

    jin l mo

    4

    xio pn you jin l mo

    l mo yn y j xn li

    n ho

    qn zu

    xi xie

    du bu q

    mi un xi

    zi jin

    zu e yu l mo de ho hi zi

    24

  • 2

    Characters

    yn j qn xi du

    mi un x zi

    xixie dubuq miunxi zijin hizi

    xio pn you jin l mo

    zu hi

    q

    Sentence

    Words and expressions

    25

  • 2

    i i 1 Learn to write.

    Exercises in Class

    26

  • 227

  • 2

    l mo

    l mo

    l mo

    d yi d2 Read aloud.

    3 Expand and substitute.

    l mo

    28

  • 2

    xin yi xin shu yi shu5 Think and answer the following questions.

    l mo

    du hu4 Dialogue

    1

    2

    3

    4

    29

  • 2

    Reading

    pi shu

    Clapping Hands

    xio pn you pi pi shu

    chn zhe r y q zu

    xio pn you l l shu

    w men du sh ho pn you

    30

  • 2

    pi zhe l

    Characters

    Words and expressions

    pishu lshu

    zho y zho y zho pn you zho do y e ho pn you

    jn e l y w wo shu n sh w de ho pn you zi jin

    zho pn you

    Looking for a Friend

    31

  • 2

    Go Shoppingmi dn xi

    5

    jn nin w li su le zu tin sh w de shn r w

    men y ji q mi dn xi m m i w mi le min

    bo ni ni h shu u b b i w mi le b bn zi

    h w x hun de wn j e h ji jie i w mi le y

    zhn shn r k zh y tin

    w zhn o xn

    32

  • 2

    mi su zu i bo u

    wn j ji zhn k

    dnxi jnnin zutin shnr minbo nini shuu wnj e jijie

    m m mi le min bo

    Characters

    Words and expressions

    Sentence

    33

  • 2

    Exercises in Class

    i i 1 Learn to write.

    34

  • 235

  • 2

    d yi d2 Read aloud.

    3 Expand and substitute.

    36

  • 2

    xin yi xin shu yi shu5 Think and answer the following questions.

    du hu4 Dialogue

    1

    2

    37

  • 2

    Reading

    Words and expressions

    i

    agic Chinese Characters

    Characters

    38

  • 2

    Things I Can Dow hu zu de sh

    6

    w sh y e xio xu shnk sh n bi shu w xiow hu shu shi xio fn jinhi hu x y h x zoxio mo le w hu wiw hu zu de sh zhn b sho

    39

  • 2

    Characters

    hu sh k bi shu sh

    fn jin hi x

    ksh shushi fnjin bsho

    w hu shu shi xio fn jin

    Words and expressions

    Sentence

    40

  • 2

    i i 1 Learn to write.

    Exercises in Class

    41

  • 2

    d yi d2 Read aloud.

    42

  • 2

    du hu4 Dialogues

    3 Expand and substitute.

    43

  • 2

    ?

    xin yi xin shu yi shu5 Think and answer the following question.

    44

  • 2

    Readingro ku ln

    Tongue Twister

    mo mo bo hu mo

    mio mio di hu mo

    mo mo de mo zhu p mio mio de mo

    mio mio n po mo mo de mo

    mo mo mi mo hun mio mio

    mio mio zhu mo hun mo mo

    mo bo mo p n

    zhup npo

    Characters

    Words and expressions

    45

  • 2

    zn h lin x r

    Review 2

    n yo qi tin bio1. Fill in the form after the model.

    10

    b yi b zi z c y2. Compare and form phrases.

    lin c chn j3. Put the given words in the correct order to make

    sentences after the model.

    l

    { { { {

    46

  • 2

    1

    2

    3

    4

    zho i 4. Fill in each blank with the word which does not belong to its group after the model.

    l

    1

    2

    3

    kn t xi yi xi5. Complete the sentences for each picture.

    47

  • 2

    Two Precious Organs of Man

    rn yu lin jin bo

    7

    rn yu lin jin bo shun shu h d no

    shu hu zu n d no hu s ko yn shu b yn no n zu zu b ho ynno b yn shu wn sh zu b do yn shu yu yn no sh sh zu de ho

    shun

    48

  • 2

    Words and expressions

    lin jin bo shun no n

    nzu

    yn shu b yn no n zu zu b ho

    s ko zu wn yu de

    Characters

    Sentence

    49

  • 2

    i i 1 Learn to write.

    Exercises in Class

    50

  • 2

    d yi d2 Read aloud.

    51

  • 2

    u

    du hu4 Dialogue

    3 Expand and substitute.

    52

  • 2

    Reading

    xin yi xin shu yi shu5 Think and answer the following questions.

    y k xio sh w e ch

    mi yu y li mi yu hu

    w e sh ch w zh b

    xi z hu hur qun yn t

    k sh ch y zh qun

    miyu

    y

    Make a Guess

    Characters

    Words and expressions

    1

    2

    53

  • 2

    y tin fn fn wn b b w zu yu lin y

    zu yu lin wi shn me n rn zu b b shu yu lin

    hn o hn yun rn zi nr du kn de jin ci

    ju de yu lin n rn zu fn fn o xn de shu w

    mn bi le

    Does the Moon Follow Us

    yu lin hu bu hu n rn zu

    8

    54

  • 2

    Words and expressions

    lin n y wi shn me

    yun n du ju de mn

    yulin wishnme jude mnbi

    yu lin hu bu hu n rn zu

    hn

    Characters

    Sentence

    55

  • 2

    i i 1 Learn to write.

    Exercises in Class

    56

  • 257

  • 2

    3 Expand and substitute.

    d yi d2 Read aloud.

    58

  • 2

    t

    t

    du hu4 Dialogue

    xin yi xin shu yi shu5 Think and answer the following question.

    59

  • 2

    Reading

    Characters

    wn wn de yu lin xio xio de chun

    xio xio de chun r lin tu jin

    w zu zi chun shn ti tu kn

    zh kn jin shn shn de xn xin ln ln de tin

    wn wn de yu lin xio xio de chun

    xio xio de chun r lin tu jin

    w zu zi chun shn wnxi kn

    zh kn jin yun yun de d qi b tn de zhun

    wn wn de yu linA Crescent Moon

    wn chun zh wn qi tn

    titu xnxin dqi

    Words and expressions

    60

  • 2

    Why

    wi shn me

    9

    xi tin sh dn tin zi n lidn tin sh xi tin zi n litin lin sh hi y zi n litin hi sh unmn zi n li

    wi shn me h shu hu li dn

    wi shn me h shu yu b liwi shn me nio r b zi shu zhn fi wi shn me y r b zi tin shn yu

    261

  • 2

    wi shn me wi shn med ren du zh me shu

    n zhn d le hu mn bi

    k sh w tin tin du zi xn li xin

    h fi yu zhn xin

    xitin dntin nli unmn dren zhme

    wi shn me h shu hu li dn

    sh y un h li dn

    Words and expressions

    Characters

    Sentence

    62

  • 2

    Exercises in Class

    i i 1 Learn to write.

    63

  • 2

    d yi d2 Read aloud.

    64

  • 2

    3 Expand and substitute.

    du hu4 Dialogue

    65

  • 2

    Reading

    1

    2

    w ji xio d di

    wi ho xio ho q

    rn xio hu r du

    i wn ui wn t

    wi shn me nio r hu zi tin shn fi

    xio ho q

    Curious Kid

    2

    xin yi xin shu yi shu5 Think and answer the following questions.

    66

  • 2

    Characters

    d ui nn cn d j

    ddi wnt hx zhoj

    wi shn me y r shu li nn h x

    wi shn me ti yn cn dn zu do x

    wi shn me h shu cn o li do d

    w shu xio ho q y bi zho j

    yo xin mn bi wi shn me

    jn hu hi yo du xu x

    2

    Words and expressions

    67

  • 2

    zn h lin x sn

    Review 3

    1. Count the stroke and fill in the blanks after the model.

    l 7

    xi ch yu xi b shu de z2. Write characters

    with the given radicals after the model.

    l

    b yi b zi z c y3. Compare and form phrases.

    { { { {

    68

  • 2

    tin kn4. Fill in each blank with the right word for each picture.

    xun c y tin kn5. Choose the right words to fill in the blanks.

    1

    2 A

    B

    3 A

    B

    4 A

    B

    5 A

    B

    1 2 3

    69

  • 2

    lin c chn j6. Put the given words in the correct order to make sentences

    after the model.

    l

    1

    2

    70

  • 2

    3

    4

    5

    71

  • 2

    Spring Rain

    chn y

    10

    d d d dxi y le xi y lezhn zi shu

    xi b xi b w yo f y

    h mio shu

    xi b xi b w yo zhn d u sh shu

    xi b xi b w yo ki hu

    xio pn you shu

    xi b xi b w yo zhn u

    d d d d xi y le xi y le

    2 72

  • 2

    Words and expressions

    zhnzi kihu

    w yo zhn u

    zhn b yo f y mio

    sh zhn u

    Characters

    Sentence

    73

  • 2

    i i 1 Learn to write.

    Exercises in Class

    74

  • 2

    d yi d2 Read aloud.

    75

  • 2

    3 Expand and substitute.

    du hu4 Dialogue

    76

  • 2

    xin yi xin shu yi shu5 Think and answer the following questions.

    1

    2

    !

    77

  • 2

    Readingzhn zi

    Seeds

    xio xio zhn zi f ch xio y

    shn le shn yo zun ch n b

    b p fn chu b p y d

    zhn chn mio mio ki ch xio hu

    hu r ji zhn zhn zi f y

    shn n p chu d ji

    shnyo nb fy

    Characters

    Words and expressions

    2

    78

  • 2

    lo de zhn u yu y tio jint de mn zi jio chn jin lo de zhn u yu y tio ht de mn zi jio hun h chn jin sh zhn u zu chn de jin

    hun h sh zhn u de m qn h

    t men cn x li do dnb y zhe zhnhu d d w men i chn jin w men i hun h

    Rivers

    jin h

    11

    279

  • 2

    Characters

    Words and expressions

    jin u tio t mn jio

    chn zu m qn cn zhe hu

    lo mnzi mqn tmen zhnhu

    Zhnu ChnJin HunH

    China Yangtze River Yellow River

    chn jin cn x li do dn

    zhun yu mn c Proper nouns

    Sentence

    80

  • 2

    Exercises in Class

    i i 1 Learn to write.

    81

  • 2

    d yi d2 Read aloud.

    82

  • 2

    3 Expand and substitute.

    83

  • 2

    xin yi xin shu yi shu5 Think and answer the following questions.

    1

    2

    1

    2

    3

    kn yi kn shu yi shu6 Look and answer the following questions.

    du hu4 Dialogue

    84

  • 2

    Reading

    Words and expressions

    qun shu h d hi

    Spring Water and Sea

    qun shu qun shu n do n li q

    qun shu shu

    w yo li jn xio x li

    xio x xio x n do n li q

    xio x shu

    w yo li jn jin h li

    jin h jin h n do n li q

    jin h shu

    w yo li jn d hi li

    qun hi jn x

    qunshu dhi xiox

    Characters

    85

  • 2

    School Is Over

    fn ji le

    12

    lo sh yo fn ji le fn ji y hu n men xin

    q nr

    mnmin w xin n b b m m q zhn u l yufn fn w xin q dn w yunlin lin w xin q hi yn n yun yu ynyn yun w nr du b q xinbnm m zu

    dinr ji w hur

    lo sh zh n men ji q kui l

    86

  • 2

    Characters

    ji y l w hi yn n

    yn bn din w hu kui l

    fn ji yhu dnw dnwyun hiyn nyun yuyn dinr kuil

    w xin q zhn u l yu

    Words and expressions

    Sentence

    87

  • 2

    Exercises in Class

    i i 1 Learn to write.

    88

  • 289

  • 2

    d yi d2 Read aloud.

    3 Expand and substitute.

    90

  • 2

    xin yi xin shu yi shu5 Think and answer the following question.

    du hu4 Dialogue

    91

  • 2

    ln xio t ui ui b mn ki ki

    kui dinr ki ki w yo jn li

    xio t b ki b ki w b ki

    m m mi hu li shi li y b ki

    ln xio yn ui ui b mn ki ki

    kui dinr ki ki w yo jn li

    xio yn b ki b ki w b ki

    m m mi hu li shi li y b ki

    ln xio t ui ui xio ynui ui

    b mn ki ki m m hu li le kui kui

    b mn ki

    w men ju b ki

    We Will Never Open the Door

    2

    Reading

    92

  • 2

    Words and expressions

    xio t xio yn kn le y chn

    xio t xio yn b ki b ki w men b ki

    b sh m m w men ju b ki

    ln zu ki le

    ju ln ui

    jnli huli

    Characters

    2

    93

  • 2

    zn h lin x s

    Review 4

    sh b hu tin kn1. Count the strokes of each character and fill in the

    blanks after the model.

    l 9

    xi ch yu xi b shu de z

    2. Write characterswith the given radicals after the model.

    l

    b yi b zi z c y3. Compare and form phrases.

    2

    { { {{ {

    94

  • 2

    xun c y tin kn4. Choose the right words to fill in the blanks.

    _____ __________

    _____ _________

    _____

    lin c chn j5. Put the given words in the correct order to make sentences

    after the model.

    1

    2

    3

    xin yi xin shu yi shu6. Think and answer the following questions.1

    2

    3

    295

  • 2

    Exercises

    zn lin x

    b yi b zi z c y1. Compare and form phrases.

    xi ch yu xi b shu de z

    2. Write characters withthe given radicals after the model.

    l

    { { {

    { { {

    96

  • 2

    lin yi lin z c y3. Link and form phrases after the model.

    xun z tin kn

    4. Choose the right character to fill in the blank for each picture.

    1

    2

    3

    4

    97

  • 2

    kn t 5 Complete the sentences for each picture.1

    5

    6

    98

  • 2

    2

    3

    4

    99

  • 2

    yn j zhn ji din de c zo j6. Construct the sentences

    with the dotted characters after the model.

    l

    1

    2

    3

    4

    5

    kn t xun c tin kn7. Choose the right words to fill in the blanks for each

    picture.

    1

    100

  • 2

    2

    3

    4

    5

    101

  • 2

    Alphabetic VocabularyComparison between Simplified and Traditional Chinese Characters

    b bn bo bo bn b bi bB 10 12 5 7 2 2 6 2

    chn chn cnC 11 5 11

    dn de de din dn du D 5 8 7 12 9 8 1

    du4

    E 6f fn fn fi

    F 10 6 3 9o i n n n u

    G 3 5 1 5 8 7 12 11 10un un u u4 9 11 5hi hi hi hn h hn h

    H 6 4 12 1 9 8 9hu hu hun hu hu11 1 1 6 12j ji jin jin jin jin jio

    J 4 12 6 7 11 2 1jio jio ji jn j ju11 2 5 3 5 8k ko k kui

    K 5 7 6 12

    2

    yn x shn z bio jin fn du zho

    102

  • 2

    l l lin lin li lL 12 2) 7 8 9 12

    m mi me mi mio mnM 2 584 10 11

    mn m8 11n n no

    N 8 2 7pn

    P 3q q qn qn

    Q 3 4 11 4shi shn sh sh sh sh shu

    S 3 8 9 6 6 2 6sh sh shun s s2 10 7 7 3su5t t tio tn

    T 11 2 11 3wn wn wi wn w w

    W 5 7 8 3 3 12w12x x x xin xi xi xn

    X 6 1 4 9 1 4 3xn3y yn yo y y y yn yn yu

    Y 10 12 10 8 9 12 12 4 9yu yu y yun

    3 7 1 8zi zi zhn zhn zhe zhn

    Z 1 4 5 9 11 10zhn z z zu zu zu zu10 2 1 11 5 7 4

    2103

  • 2

    yn x shn c bio

    Alphabetic Glossary

    iB 10 12 7 2

    2 6 2 6

    C 11 5 5 11e e e

    D 9 5 8 7 12 9i u u5 9 12 12 8 1 4

    E 6

    F 10 6 6 12 3 9u e

    G 3 5 1 5 8 7 12 11 10 9 11 i

    H 6 4 12 12 1 1 9 8 9 1 6

    2 104

  • 2

    J 4 12 7 11 2 1 11 2

    e ue 2 5 5 3 8

    K 5 10 3 6 12

    l

    L 2 7 9

    M 2 5 4 4 5 10i

    11 8 11 i

    N 8 9 2 7 5o

    P 3

    Q 4 i

    S 3 5 6 6 2 10 7

    5 5

    T 11 11 2 11 3

    W 5 5 7 8 3 1

    X 6 1 3 9

    2105

  • 2

    e

    9 1 4 3

    Y 10 10 8 9 12 12 7 8 8 z

    Z 1 4 4 5 9 9 11zi

    10 10 11 5 4

    2 106

  • 2 2

    j zi

    Sentences

    w zi zhn wn xu xio xu x1 .

    zh sh n de sh m2 .

    t sh shi3 .

    xio pn you jin l mo4 .

    m m mi le min bo5 .

    w hu shu shi xio fn jin6 .

    yn shu b yn no n zu zu b ho7 .

    yu lin hu bu hu n rn zu8 .

    wi shn me h shu hu li dn9 .

    w yo zhn u10 .

    chn jin cn x li do dn11 .

    w xin q zhn u l yu12 .

    107

  • 2

    din li hn pi wn u n

    hn z b hu mn chn bio

    Table of Chinese Characters Strokesb hu

    mn chn

    l z

    b hu

    mn chn

    l z

    hn y shu shu

    sh sh wnu ji

    pi rn sh t mn

    n d sh zh shn

    t x sh wn x

    hn u xi sh wn u din

    hn zh ku sh zh zh dn

    hn zh u yu sh zh zh u nio

    hn pi yu xi u w

    hn zh t rn w u xn

    hn zhwn u ji pi zh i

    hn zh zh pi jin pi din n

    hn zh zh zh u ni

    2 108

  • 2

    xi z b shn u z bio

    Table of Stroke Order

    ( )( )( )( )

    u z l z b shn

    xin zhn jin hu lin bin

    xin hn hu sh

    xin pi hu n

    cn shndo xi

    cn zu do yu

    cn wi do ni

    cn ni do wi

    xin l tou hu fnku

    sh

    n

    b

    tin

    sn

    zo

    d

    shu

    tn

    xin

    shn

    zh

    r

    yun

    xio

    shu

    2109

  • 2

    Names of Radicals of Chinese Characters1.(This table lists some of the common radicals of Chinese characters for the convenience of teaching

    and learning.)2.

    (Most of the radicals this table includes are not characters by themselvesor difficult to nameor

    have confusing names. The radicals that are Chinese characters by themselves and easily pronounced

    such as etc.have not beenlisted here.)

    3.(Some radicals have different namesbut this table only offers the most commonly used ones.)

    Radical

    Name

    Examples

    ()

    2 110

  • 2

    Radical

    Name

    Examples

    n

    2111

  • 2

    Radical

    Name

    Examples

    )

    )

    2 112

  • 2

    Phonetic System of the Chinese Language1957 11 1 60

    Endorsed at the 60th meeting of the Plenary Session of the State Council on November 1st1957.

    1958 2 11

    Approved at the 5th Session of the 1st National Peoples Congress of February 11st1958.

    The Alphabet (Alphabet) (Name)

    VThe letter v is only used in loan wordsethnic minority languages and dialects.

    The letters are written in the same way as the Latin alphabets.

    The Initials

    b p m f d t n l

    g k h j q x

    zh ch sh r z c s

    zh ch sh When phonetic notations are given to Chinese characterszhch and sh can be abbreviated as

    and to simplify the spelling.

    2113

  • 2

    The Finals

    1. i zhichishirizicisiThe final i is used in the seven syllables ofandand thustheyare spelledrespectivelyas zhichishirizici andsi.

    2. er r ert hurThe final is written as erbut as r when used as a tail finali.e.ert andhur.

    3. The finaliswritten as whenused independently.

    4. yiyyeyoyouynyinynyinyonThe finals in the i rowarewritten as yiyyeyoyouynyinynyinyon if no initialsprecede them.u uoe

    i

    o

    e

    i

    ei

    2 114

  • 2

    eeThe finals in the u row are written asuo ee ande if no initials precede them. ueu

    The finals in the row are written as ue and u if no initialsprecede themand the two dots of are omitted. jq juquxu nlnlWhen the finals in the row are used together with the initials of jq and xthey are written asjuquxu with the two dots of being omittedwhen they are used togetherwith the initials of n and lthe two dots of are retained as in n and l.

    5. iouueiuen iuuiun: niuuilunWhen iouuei and uen are preceded by initialsthey are written as iuui and unsuch as in niuui and lun.

    6. n When phonetic notations are added to Chinese charactersn may be abbreviated as to simplifythe spelling.

    The Symbols of Tones

    high and level tone rising tone fallingrising tone falling tone

    The symbol of each tone is marked on the main vowel of a syllablebut it is omitted when the pronunciation is light. For example:

    high and level tone

    rising tone

    fallingrising tone

    falling tone

    light pronunciation

    The Syllable dividing Mark

    oepio

    When a syllable beginning with oe follows another syllable and the boundary ofthe two syllables are confusing the syllable dividing mark is used to separate themi . e . pi o .

    2

    115

  • 2

    iA 7

    b b bi bi biB 1 9 6 1 11

    co ch chn ch chun chnC 6 8 6 4 12 5

    d di do de d din dn dn duD 2 12 12 9 5 511 5 2

    r r rE 10 2 1

    fn fnF 11 5

    o G 8 10

    ho h h hi hn hu hu hun huH 8 3 9 6 6 10 10 6 3

    j ji jin jiJ 10 9 8 1

    ki kn kuK 8 10 2

    li ln lo le l li lL 4 6 7 8 4 1 6

    m m mo mn men min m mM 96 12 10 8 11 3 2

    ni nn no n nin nio niN 9 11 12 8 10 6 6

    q qin qi qQ 1 10 5 4

    r rn rn r rR 12 2 11 3 4

    sn shn shn sho shn shn sh sh sh sh shu shuS 1 3 4 2 12 7 7 1 3 7 2 3

    shu s8 1

    jin fn du zhoyn x shn z bio

    2

    Alphabetic Vocabulary 1Comparison between Simplified and Traditional Chinese Characters

    116

  • 2

    t ti t tin tin tn tu tT 10 11 12 5 3 7 2 3

    wi wn w wW 10 7 7 1

    x x xi xi xin xio xio xn xn xu xuX 11 12 4 5 11 2 7 12 8 7 5

    yn yn y y y yu yu y y yunY 6 11 9 1 12 9 4 6 5 10

    yu yn3 5zo zh zhn zhn zh zu z zu zu

    Z 8 9 8 4 12 4 2 4 4

    2117