YGN Future 1 Dec2014

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    Yangon Present and Future; Presented at AMA 13.12.2014

    (Part 1.)

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    8 Issues in Housing & Urban Development Connected

    with Yangon

    1. Yangon’s Infrastructure

    2. Yangon’s Traffic & Transportation 3. City Circular Roads for Yangon

    4. Issue no. 3. Issue of Land-use & “Central

    Business District” (city centre)

    5. Heritage Conservation & Zoning

    6. Housing Sector Development

    7. Yangon Extension

    8. Laws and Legality in Urban Development

    Part II

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    Northern part of Yangon in the 18th century

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    Yangon in the 18th century, during Alaung Paya period

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    Yangon in the 19th century, re-planned as administrative

    center of Lower Burma

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    Yangon in earlier colonial days

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    Yangon was known as green city of Asia

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    Now the city has 365 sq. miles

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    Extended areas

    after 1988, 150.02,

    49%

    Extended areas in 1959, 20.64, 7%

    Industrial

    areas, 24.00,

    8%

    Areas before 1959,

    112.06, 36%

    Composition of Yangon historic extensions

    (in sq. miles)

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    Population forecast for Yangon city with 3 scenarios

    2.03

    2.95

    5.2

    6.5

    8.2

    10.3

    12.9

    2.03

    2.95

    6.9

    9.2

    12.4

    16.6

    0

    2

    4

    6

    8

    10

    12

    14

    16

    18

    ^1973 ^1983 ^2014 ^2024 ^2034 ^2044 ^2055

       P    o    p    u     l   a    t   i    o    n     (   M    i    l     l    )

    Years

    Lower Scenairo (Based on growth rate of 2.3% yearly)

    Middle Scenairo (Based on growth rate of 2.6% yearly) Higher Scenairo (Based on growth rate of 3% yearly)

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    Water supply system of

    Yangon

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    Current Water Supply System of Yangon

    City

    Gyobyu Reservoir Ngamoeyeik Reservior

    Phyugyi Reservoir

    Hlawga

    Reservoir

    Gwaydanshay

    Thebyu

    Nyaunghnapin WWTP

    Sitpintaung

    Yangonbauk  Source: Dept. of

    Water & Sanitation

    Around 160 million Gallon

    (730 Mill. L or 0.73 mill. CM) daily.

    Mainly from 4 reservoirs, Hlawga,

    Gyobyu, Phyugyigyi , Ngamoe Yeik

    But also from underground sources

    Potentials are in Kokkowa, Toe

    River, Lagunbyin, etc. But feasibility

    surveys needed

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    Water usage in Myanmar

    • Upper middle class areas with flush toilets- 30-50

    gal/person/day (136-200 lit./person/day)

    • Middle class areas with pour-flush toilets-

    15-20 gal/person/day (70-80 lit./person/day)

    • Low-income areas- 10-15 gal/person/day

    (45-70 lit./person/day)

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    Based on 160 million gal. per day

    (around 730 mill. Litres per day)

    • Yangon city with 5.2 million population

    should have 30 gal / person /day (136 lit./person/day) should be sufficient but

    • There are very high loses, so that the YCDC

    mains reach only about 65% of Yangon

    population

    • Besides there are large unequal distribution and 4 townships are out-of reach from city

    mains

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    T  o  N  a u  n g   D  o n 

    0g;wpf &m

    r*Fvm'H  k

     

    Water supply network Yangon

    However

    only about 65% of the population are served with YCDC system

    4 townships,

    Dagon Seikan, Hlaing TharYar,

    Shwe Pyi Thar & Seikyi Kanaungto are poorly supplied with

    YCDC water

    And over 40% water unaccounted

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    Waste water Issue, Drainage & Sewage

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    1

    234

    5

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    95Only the areas developed by British

    &

    Yankin & Thin Gan Gyun have Drainage plan

    The city needs

    drainage & Sewage Plan

    Flood prune areas

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    Common Sewerage System

    7%

    Septic Tank System

    19%

    Pour Flush System

    28%

    Fly Proof Latrines

    18%

    Conventional Unsanitary Latrine

    28%

    No Latrine 0.3%

    Sanitary systems in YCDC area in 2002

    The immediate target

    should be

    to apply 100 % septic tanks system

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    The garbage usually block the

    drains

    Around 1600 tons of daily garbage,

    Using land filled methods,

    Now planning to apply incineration

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    Source: Calculated base on the data of YESB

    0.08 0.08

    0.02

    0.21

    0.08

    0.01

    0.13

    0.04

    0.06

    0.04

    0.25

    0.19

    0.11

    0.14

    0.00

    0.05

    0.10

    0.15

    0.20

    0.25

    0.30

    Electric Supply Electric meter box & Households in Yangon Zones (data

    from 2012)

    Meter boxes (mill) House-holds (mill)

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    850.51

    609.25

    72.61

    221.15

    340.88

    491.11

    249.61

    0.00

    100.00

    200.00

    300.00

    400.00

    500.00

    600.00

    700.00

    800.00

    900.00

    Supplied units per & Households in August 2012

    in Yangon Zones

    Supplied Units per Household

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    In the electricity supply,

    Units per Household in August 2013

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