YadinYigael The art of warfare in Biblical Lands

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    CORRIGENDA

    Y. Yadin: The Art ofWa rfare in Biblical Lands

    p.48 (fig.) read  to fight  instead of   to light .

    pp. 79 and 206 (bottom) read 1307-1275 instead of   131

    0

    1280 .

    p. 126 read   Ein Gedi instead of   Ei Gedi .

    read see page 125  instead of see page 124 .

    pp. 130, 136, 150, 173 read   Telloh instead of   Lagash .

    p. 154 read Tehutihorep instead of  Tehutit cp .

      (cf 169) to be omitted.

    p. 159 read  { zoth century   C. instead of   c. 1900   C. .

    p. 168 read   left instead of   above and   above instead of  left   .

    Same correction in index, p. 473, No . 168.

    p. 174 read

     at

    Ginossar instead of   of Ginossar .

    read above and left instead of above .

    read spear head instead of javelin head .

    p. 180 read  The Palestine Archaeological Museum instead of   The Rockefeller

    Museum .

    Same correction in index, p. 474, No. 180.

    p. 187 read The Ugaritic hunt ing charioteer (above) instead of   The Canaanite

    hunting charioteer .

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     ONT NTS

     

    INTRODUCTION

    1

    The Art of Wa1are

    1

      o r t ~ f i e Cities

    ill

    Attack and

    Mobility

    4

    Deense

    16

    The Chariot

    4

    Attack and

    Penetrati

    on

    r6

    Cavalry

    5

    FortUlcatioll

    s andDeense

    18

    Firepower:

    Per

    s

    onal

    Weapon s

    6

    The Cit) Walls

    19

    The Bow

    6

    The Gate

    2

    The Compo site Bow

    7

     The Inlier

    Citadel

    23

    The Arrow

    8

    r at

    er

    Suppl» dllrin

      ? Siexe

    24

    The Qllillt r

    9

    Archa

    eological

    Sources

    25

    The Slin

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    IV.

    T HE P ER IO D O F T HE P AT RIA RC HS  2100 1570

    B C

    58

    I

    Gideon andthe Three

    Hundred

    25

    6 Dauidand Solomon

    26

    7

    Weapons: Short-aud Medium-range

    59

    Methods of Wiltjare

    69

    I

    Abimclech

    and the Tower of

    The

    Conquest

    of

    Jeri/salem

    2

    67

    The Axe

    59

    Battle

     

    Fortified

    Cities

    69

    Sheehan

    260 The Battles David

    27°

    The Sword

    60

    Battle in Gpen Terrain:

    The Concubine ill Gibeah andthe

    The Army ofDavid and S ll l

    275

    The Spearandthejm din

    61

    TheDuel

    71

    Oroauiration ofthe TribalArmy

    262

    The Chariotandthe Cavalrv

    28

    4

    vVeapons: LOllg-rallge

    62

    Standard

    Combat

    73

    Saul the Warrior-Killg 26

    3

    The

    Fortifications

    287

    The

    BOl/

    62

    Communications

    and ltltelligmce

    73

    Dapidand Goliath

    265

    Plates

    331

    The S illg

    64

    The Chariot

    74

    f

    Personal

    Protection

    64

    plates

    I

    VII.

    T HE K IN GD OM S

    OF

    ISRAEL AN D

    JUDAH  920 586 B C

    291

    15

    2

    The Shield

    64

    The Troops andtheir Weapons

    293

    Fortified

    Citiesin Attackand

    Dciense

    3

    13

    Fortificatiolls

    65

    Iltjalltry

    294

    The Breach-the Batteriuo-Ratn

    3

    14

    The Archers

    295

    Other

    Devices

    3

    16

    V.

    T HE P ER IO D

    OF

    TH E

    SOJOURN

    I N E GYPT THE

    EXODUS

    The

    Slingmell

    29

    6

    Sealillg

    the Walls

    3

    16

    MOSE S AND J OSHUA  1570 1200 B C 7

    6

    The

    Cavalry

    297

    Penetration

    beneath

    the

    vValls

    3

    17

    vVeapoflS: Short-ami

    Mcdinm-ranoe

    77

    Attackand

    Defense 96

     

    The ChariotCorps

    297

    Siege, Ruse, and Psychological

    The Axe

    77

    Stratagems

    99

    Battlein Open Terrain

    302

    Warfare

    3

    18

    The Sword

    7

    8

    Battlein Open Terrain

    100

    The Battleof Samaria

    3°4

    Waterand

    Food

    Supply

    32°

    The Spear

    80

    The Battleof

    Megiddo

    100

    The Battle of the

    Wilderness

    ,tj

    The Walls

    3

    22

    T¥eapoflS: Lony-ranye

    80

    The Battle of

    Kadesh

    103

    Tekoa

    3

    10

    The Gate

    323

    The Bow

    80

    The

    March

    1°3

     

    josiah

    and

    the Battle

    of

    Dejensive

    Warfare

    325

    Personal Protection

    83

    The

    Surprise

    Attack

    1°4

    Meoiddo

    311

    Plates

    375

    The

    Countcrattacl: 105

    I

    he Shield

    83

    Tactics

    108

    ABBREVIATIONS

    OF

    PERIODICALS

    4

    65

    Arlllor

    84

    Illtelligence

    IIO

    The Helmet

    85

    Ambush andNight Fightitlg

    IIO

    BIBLIOGRAPHY

    4

    66

    M,)bility

    86

    Standard Formations

    II I

     

    The Chariot

    86

    Army

    Oroaniratioi:

    II

    I

    SOURCES

    FOR

    ILLUSTRATIONS

    470

    Methods of Assault

    011 Fortified

    Cities 90

    Chariot Units 113

    SUBJ E CT I NDE X O F P LA TE S

    1 vlilitary

    Administration

    4

    83

    The Fort ficatiolls

    90

    II3

    WaterSlIpply under Siege

    95

    Plates

    182

     

    n

    VI.

    T HE P E RI OD

    OF

    T HE J UDGE S

    AN D

    T HE U NI TE D

    MONARCHY  1200 920

    B C

    247

    The Philistines: Land and Napal Wars

    ill

    the Bible

    dllring

    the

    Period

    Battles

    248

    of thejudges 253

    The Land Battle 249 The Conquest of Bethel 253

    The Naval Battle 251 The Exploits of Eliud 254

    The Egyptiall Army 253 Deborah and Siscra 255

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    PREF E

    This book w hich i s a first attempt to discussa ll the facets of the art

    of

    warfare.

    its implements. techniques and strategy in all Biblical lan

    ds

    requires a few

    explanatory words as to its structure and me thod of presentation to the reader.

    Although the book discusses a variety of subjects, each of which is in a sense

    independent , it is the interweaving

    of

    the various themes that makes the

    harmonious whole at which I have aimed,

    Th

    e book covets all lands of the Bibl

    e from

    Anarolia to Egypt and from

    Palestine to Mesopotamia- a part of the world conta ining nations and countries

    that had been fighting each other over long periods of history . Only a complete

    analysis from bot h the military and archaeological point of view will enable

    US

    to comprehend the development

    of

    warfare in all itsaspects: weapons,fortifications.

    army

    organization. and tactics.

    The book

    is. in fact. composed of three parts: the text accompanied by line

    drawings. the color plates. and explanat

    ory

    captions. This arrangement is

    necessitated by the fact that the principal sources for the subject are pictorial in

    character, consisting of thousands of carved and painted monuments. together

    with other remains of an archaeological character, which must first beset in their

    proper historical and geographical setting through archaeological and chrono

    logical analysis

    bef

    ore it is possible for one to draw military conclusions.

    The object of the text isto defmethe historicaland archaeological background.

    to describe t he various elements in the art of war and weave them int o a s ingle

    pattern whic h will make evident their mutua l relationship and their connexion

    wi th

    the different warring nations. The accompanying line draw ings should at

    this point assist the reader to visualize the subject without undue reference to the

    color plates. The subjects are discussed here w it hi n t heir archaeological period.

    andin each period the individual aspects are dealt with separately. This s