Www.le.ac.uk/physics Careers in Physics - and life as a professional astronomer

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www.le.ac.uk/physics Careers in Physics - and life as a professional astronomer Slide 2 www.le.ac.uk/physics So youre thinking of a career in physics? Physics covers every length scale and every temporal scale in the Universe Physics is everywhere! And physicists are everywhere There are many, many career opportunities for physicists Slide 3 www.le.ac.uk/physics Careers in physics what do physicists do? Physics as a route to other careers - and why physicists are always in demand Some statistics! Life as a professional Astrophysicist how to get into academic research - and what you do once you get there Slide 4 www.le.ac.uk/physics What do physicists do? E E=mc 2 Slide 5 www.le.ac.uk/physics What do physicists do? Physics is brilliant! Slide 6 www.le.ac.uk/physics What do physicists actually do? Slide 7 www.le.ac.uk/physics What do physicists actually do? Academic Research Industrial Research IT Industry Teaching Space Industry Defence industry Meteorology Medicine An awful lot of things! 100,000 STEM graduates needed in the UK per year we will need 830,000 by 2020 Physics contributes over 70 bn per year to the UK economy Physicists starting salaries are 16% higher than other disciplines (except medicine and law) Source: Institute of Physics www.iop.org/careers/future-with-physics/ Slide 8 www.le.ac.uk/physics What do physicists actually do? Academic Research Industrial Research IT Industry Teaching Space Industry Defence industry Meteorology Medicine Contributes 8 bn to UK economy each year predicted to grow to 40 bn by 2030 www.iop.org/careers/future-with-physics/ Slide 9 www.le.ac.uk/physics What do physicists actually do? Academic Research Industrial Research IT Industry Teaching Space Industry Defence industry Meteorology Medicine Low-Carbon technology 112 bn worldwide Nanotechnology: World market 10 bn to 180 bn Advanced materials : 1.1 bn in the UK alone Source: BIS economics paper 10A www.iop.org/careers/future-with-physics/ Slide 10 www.le.ac.uk/physics What do physicists actually do? Academic Research Industrial Research IT Industry Teaching Space Industry Defence industry Meteorology Medicine www.iop.org/careers/future-with-physics/ Slide 11 www.le.ac.uk/physics What do physicists actually do? Academic Research Industrial Research IT Industry Teaching Space Industry Defence industry Meteorology Medicine www.iop.org/careers/future-with-physics/ CERN is brilliant! Slide 12 www.le.ac.uk/physics What do physicists actually do? Academic Research Industrial Research IT Industry Teaching Space Industry Defence industry Meteorology Medicine I am currently working on the ExoMars rover. My role is to integrate the system that gets the picture from the cameras and sends it to the navigation software which generates 3D maps of the terrain. I am currently employed by EDF Energy as a Nuclear Graduate. I have visited various nuclear stations, and worked on high profile projects which affect the lifetime, productivity and safety of the station. Slide 13 www.le.ac.uk/physics Careers in physics what do physicists do? Physics as a route to other careers - and why physicists are always in demand Some statistics! Life as a professional Astrophysicist how to get into academic research - and what you do once you get there Slide 14 www.le.ac.uk/physics Physics as a route to other careers - and why physicists are always in demand Problem solving Analysis Mathematical Information technology Experimental Software skills Teamwork Leadership Initiative Communication Presentation Business awareness Slide 15 www.le.ac.uk/physics Civil Service The Media Finance Accountancy Physics as a route to other careers Commerce Law Management Sales/Marketing Physicists are never short of job opportunities! Employment figures from the Institute of Physics Slide 16 www.le.ac.uk/physics Careers in physics what do physicists do? Physics as a route to other careers - and why physicists are always in demand Some statistics! Life as a professional Astrophysicist how to get into academic research - and what you do once you get there Slide 17 www.le.ac.uk/physics Slide 18 Salary Figures from Institute of Physics Slide 19 www.le.ac.uk/physics Careers in physics what do physicists do? Physics as a route to other careers - and why physicists are always in demand Some Statistics! Life as a professional Astrophysicist how to get into academic research - and what you do once you get there Slide 20 www.le.ac.uk/physics How to get into academic research Step 1 - get a 2.1 or 1 st class MPhys degree on an IOP accredited course Midlands Universities (MPhys entry grades 1 ) Loughborough University (AAA) University of Birmingham (A*AA) University of Leicester (AAB) University of Nottingham (AAB-AAA) University of Warwick (A*AA) 1 Source: IOP Physics on Course University of Leicester (AAAA) Physics with Space Science and Technology Slide 21 www.le.ac.uk/physics Step 2 get a PhD All areas should be open to you although final year project may be important Find an area that youre interested in! Find a University and a supervisor with a good reputation in that field! University of Leicester Supervisor: Dr Richard Jameson PhD in Galactic Cluster Dwarfs How to get into academic research Slide 22 www.le.ac.uk/physics Step 3 postdoctoral research Life as a professional astrophysicist Slide 23 www.le.ac.uk/physics Life as an astrophysicist Use telescopes Process data Analyse data (laboratory skills/computer programming) Write up the results in a report Present work to other scientists Present work to the public Slide 24 www.le.ac.uk/physics What does an astronomer do? Use telescopes Slide 25 www.le.ac.uk/physics What does an astronomer do? Use telescopes Slide 26 www.le.ac.uk/physics What does an astronomer do? Process data Slide 27 www.le.ac.uk/physics What does an astronomer do? Measure line positions and strengths Measure motions of stars Measure brightness of stars Figure out what my results mean Explain why they are important Analyse my data Slide 28 www.le.ac.uk/physics What does an astronomer do? WD Planet/BD Analyse my data Slide 29 www.le.ac.uk/physics What does an astronomer do? Analyse my data Slide 30 www.le.ac.uk/physics What does an astronomer do? Analyse my data Slide 31 www.le.ac.uk/physics What else have I learned by being an astronomer? How to think outside the box How to relate my work to the public How to write clear, concise reports How to computer programme How to use statistics How to understand errors and uncertainties Slide 32 www.le.ac.uk/physics How do you become an astronomer? Take physics and maths at A level Degree in physics I did: Physics, Maths, Chemistry A2 level German A1 level MPhys degree in Physics with Space Science and Technology PhD in astronomy