Writing, Listening & Speaking Chapter 8 Cohen & Cowan

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Transcript of Writing, Listening & Speaking Chapter 8 Cohen & Cowan

  • Writing, Listening & SpeakingChapter 8Cohen & Cowan

  • Key TermsProcessPrewritingDraftingRevisingEditingShared writingInteractive writingLanguage usageSentence constructionMechanicsBlogStrategic listeningCritical listeningAppreciative listening

  • Writing Supports Reading

    Use the same intellectual strategiesSimilar processesMany of the same phonics & spelling skills

  • SimilaritiesReadingPhonics to decodeRecognize voiceActivate prior knowledgeRead with purposeWritingPhonics to spellWrite with voiceActivate prior knowledgeWrite with a purpose

  • The Writing ProcessPrewritingPurpose & audienceContent planOrganizational planBrainstormWebDrawingPromptsOutlining

  • Process - (continued)DraftingRevisingConferringEditingPublishing

  • The Writing WorkshopBeginning Sept. 1Make timeKeep the scheduleOrganize the classroomProvide materialsKeep track

  • Writing Rubric

    AreasSkills1Needs much improvement2Needs some improvement3Good4ExcellentTotalContent & OrganizationOpening and closing are evidentKeeps to central ideaSupports ideas with detailsStates ideas in a clear sequenceClear paragraphs with topic sentenceUsageSubject-verb agreement

  • Skilled Writer - Unskilled WriterPrewriting: Takes notesOrganizesDiscusses with othersResearchesConstructs AGOsPurpose and AudiencePrewriting: Doesnt do any or most of the things the skilled writer does

    Doesnt plan for audience or purpose

  • Skilled Writers Unskilled WritersDrafting:Write in style appropriate to audienceFrequently re-readWork with an outlineTake time to get ideas on paperDrafting:Informal styleDont re-readDont use outlinesLittle organizationOver-emphasize spelling, mechanicsComplete in short time; no-rereading

  • Skilled Writers Unskilled WritersRevising/Editing:Reread and editMake structural correctionsMay ask others to edit

    Revising/Editing:Dont reviewDont make correctionsFirst copy is final copy(If re-write, copy neatly in ink)

  • Skilled Writers Unskilled WritersFluency:Writes many wordsEasy to readFocused on topicWell-crafter paragraphsFluency:Few wordsStilted, difficult to followParagraphs poorly formed

  • Skilled Writers Unskilled WritersClear opening and closing

    Logical progression of ideas

    Few or no errors

    Effective punctuationNo opening or closingEnd abruptlyText not organizedContent not developedPattern of errorsHard to readMany misspellings

  • Skilled Writers Unskilled WritersRich vocabularyVariety of wordsComplete SentencesVaried sentences

    Over-use favorite wordsUse high-frequency words Incomplete or simple sentencesPoorly crafted sentences

  • The Writing Workshop

    Introduction (5 min)Mini-lesson (10 min)Independent writing & conferring (30 min.)Wrap-up & sharing experiences (5 min)

  • Writing Strategies for LD StudentsPlenty of timeUse process (with much support)Interesting topicsComputers, spell check, etc.Social climateFrequent conferences

  • Publish!Puppets

  • Assessing Writing

    Errors are our most important teaching tools. ----James Moffett

  • Listening

  • Listening vs. Hearing

    Converts language to meaning in the mind

    But who is listening?

  • 5 Types of ListeningDiscriminative For detailsFor Understanding (strategic)Critical listening (evaluate for validity)Appreciative

  • Classroom InstructionRead aloudSharing/show-and-tellCentersGamesGuided listening instruction

  • Listening Level(IRI)

    Determine a childs capacity

  • Speaking

  • Need to develop speaking skillsGroup workStorytellingChoral speakingDramaStructured playLearning centersOral reports & presentations