World Religions Founders etc

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  • 1. World Religions

2. Five Main World Religions Christianity 2 billion followers Judaism14 million followers Islam1.3 billion followers Hinduism 900 million Buddhism 360 million 3. Buddhism 4. Siddharta Guatama founder ofthe Religion Born in the north of India. Son of a Rich Hindu noble man whowanted to protect Siddharta from theworld. As a result the young Siddhartawas never allowed to leave the Palace Sidharta married and had one Son. 5. Siddharta One day he got to take a trip outside thepalace and outside he saw four things thatwere to change his life. An old man A sick man A dead man A monk 6. Inspiring Vision He was confused . He wondered how the monk could be so poor, yet so content. He left his wife and Son and joined a group of monks. He fasted vigorously trying to find answers about life. This proved to be bad for his health. 7. Inspiring Vision He then found what he called a middle waybetween suffering and luxury. He began tomeditate. He thought deeply about the meaningof life and the causes of suffering. He meditated under a fig(Bodhi tree) close to theRiver Gaya. He eventually became enlightened.This is called the Sacred Night 8. Inspiring Vision He met monks that he once knew and told them about his new found knowledge. He told them about the Four Noble Truths and the Eightfold Path. They called Siddharta The Enlightened one. Buddha. 9. Four Noble Truths All life involves suffering The cause of Suffering Causedby our desires The end of Suffering - we canfree ourselves from sufferingand find happiness if we stopwanting material things. The way to end suffering Theway to end suffering is to followthe path to true happiness. There are eight steps along theway. 10. The Eight- Fold path 1. Right view point 2. Right intention 3. Right speech 4. Right conduct 5. Right work 6. Right effort 7. Right mindfulness 8. Right meditation 11. Sacred Text - Tipitaka Tipitaka :Written in Pali, an ancientlanguage. It is an important collection of theBuddhist teaching.It contains: Discipline, Instruction and Teaching 12. Festival - Weask Takes place in May and lasts for 3 days. Celebrates the birth, enlightenment anddeath of the Buddha. It is a festival of light. The focus is theenlightenment to the Buddha. People go the Temples and make offeringsto Buddha. Buddhists celebrate with theirfamilies. 13. Worship - Temple A Temple is the Buddhist place of worship.Buddhists go there to pray and makeofferings. A central feature is a statue of theBuddha. Many Buddhists worship before a shrine intheir own homes. Flowers, incense,candles are used. 14. Hindusim 15. Foundations A great civilisation grew up in the Indusvalley in India about 5.500 years ago. A nomadic people came from the Northand invaded India. The Ayrans adopted tothe culture and way of life of the peoplearound the Indus valley. Hinduism developed from the Religiousideas of both of these peoples. By 1000BCHinduism had evolved into the form thatwe find it today. 16. Sacred Text. There is no one sacred text. Hindus have many holy books. They are written in an ancient language called Sanskrit that is not used very much today. 17. Sacred Text Mahabhata: worlds Vedas: a collection oflongest poem withHymns and poems over one thousandthat go back to verses. Most famousancient times. Used inpart is the BhagavadHindu Ramayana: Story of Upanishads: the God Rama and hiscollection of teachings wife Sita. Teachesabout the Hindu way Hindus the virtues ofof life.courage, friendshipand love. 18. Gods Brahman The Creator God Vishnu The Preserver God Shiva The Destroyer God 19. Festival - Holi This is a Spring festival to celebrateKrishna. Bonfires are a central part of thecelebrations. People circle the bonfires and shareprasad or holy food. Images of Krishna are carried through thestreets. 20. Festival - Divali This is a winter festival to mark thebeginning of the Hindu new year. Divali means row of lights. During the festival oil, lamps and candlesare lit in the temple, in the home and inthe work place. Lakshi is the Goddess of good fortune.Many Hindus believe that once a year atDivali she visits and brings good fortune. 21. Kumbh-Mela Every twelve years, up to twelve millionhindus gather at Ujjain in Central India tocelebrate the Kumbh Mela. This involves ritual bathing in the placewhere the river Ganges meets the Jummariver. 22. Islam 23. Founder Islam began in Mecca 1500 years ago. Itwas founded by a man called Muhammad. He was born in Arabia. His parents diedwhen he was small child and he wasraised by a kindly uncle. He was a successful trader in Mecca. He married a woman called Khadja andthey had six children together. 24. Mecca Mecca was a very busy place at this time.Traders came from far and near Pilgrims came to pray at a shrine in thecentre of the city. The dishonesty in Mecca botheredMuhammad. People gambled and consumed alcohol toexcess. 25. Inspiring Vision Muhammad retreated to a cave at thebottom of Mount Hira. An angel of God, Gabriel appeared to him.She told him that there is one God Allahand Muhammad is Allahs messenger. He rushed home to Khadja whoimmediately that her husband was aprophet. The Angel spoke again to Muhammad andthese words are written down in theKoran. 26. Inspiring Vision Muhammad preached his message in thestreets of Mecca. He tried to get people tochange their ways. People became angry with him and he hadto leave Mecca. People in Medina invited him to come andteach there. He took his family across thedesert. This journey from Mecca to Medinais called the Hijra 27. Medina Muhammad and his family were welcomedin Medina. He eventually became the rulerthere. He later went back to Mecca. He removedall of the statues from the shrine. It thenbecame the Shrine of One God Allah. Mecca became the holy city of Islam. 28. Sacred Text - Koran The story of theprophet and the wordof Allah are written inthe Koran. It is written in Arabic. Muslim children aretaught to read theKoran in Arabic. 29. JudaismA Monotheistic Religion 30. Abraham The Founder ofJudaism Abraham lived 4000 years ago in UrMestoptamia. Married to Sarah. They were well off andhad a nice life. Abraham believed in one God. Many of thepeople around him were polytheistic. Abrahams belief in one God was tochange his life. 31. Inspiring Vision Abraham felt the call of God . God asked him to leave everything andtravel to another country. God made a promise to Abraham. He promised him land and manydescendants. Abraham and Sarah settled in Canaan. 32. Inspiring Vision Abraham and Sarah arrived in the land ofCannan and set up their tents. They livedhere for many years. God spoke to Abraham again. God told him that his descendants wouldbe as plentiful as the stars in the sky. 33. Covenant God then made a covenant with Abraham. I will be your God and you will be mypeople God appeared to Abraham again one daywhen visitors were at their camp. Abrahamwas telling their guests about Gods promise. Sarah was told that she would have a childwithin a year. Abraham and Sarah thoughtthis impossible because they were so old. Sarah gave birth to Isaac within a year. 34. Sacred Text - Torah The story ofAbrahams journey istold in a Holy Bookcalled the Torah. This book is written inHebrew. The Torah Scrolls arekept in the Ark of theCovenant in theSynagogue. 35. Festival