Workshop Pantanal Everglades

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The Workshop intends to bring representatives from the Pantanal and Everglades National Parks and four Universities together to discuss common interests, commom researche needes and to discuss different fundig possibilities for such research activities.

Transcript of Workshop Pantanal Everglades

  • 1. Brasil . Ministry of Environment - MMA
    Chico Mendes Environmental Institute ICMBio
    PantanalNational Park
    Workshop PantanalEverglades
    The Pantanal National Park in its area of influence
    Pantanal Conservation Area(World Heritage Site)
    Miami
    July 13, 2007
    Jos Augusto Ferraz de Lima
    jaferrazdelima@gmail.com
    Pantanal National Pak - ICMBio

2. Characteristicsofthe Pantanal:
The Upper Paraguay River Basin, consists mainly of meandering, narrow, shallow and low speed rivers.
changes in the regime of flooding, river speed, discharge of water, nutrients
and suspended matters and the floodplains effect, besides changes in slopes,
severely threatening the exuberance of the biodiversity in this region.
The lower part of its main tributaries, where the Pantanal National Park is inserted comprises a network of channel systems that connect the floodplain and rivers.
This habitat where occurs the initial stages of migratory fish
is composed of shallow lakes connected with rivers and corresponds
to an ecological system very sensitive to environmental changes
In the primary and secondary channels, discharges, flow direction and limnological conditions, are highly dependent on rainfall and water level difference between the lakes and rivers, as well as the level of interaction between rivers and associated floodplain (floodplain effect).
3. Characteristics of the Pantanal Conservation Area
The Pantanal
Conservation
Areaconsists
of a cluster
of four protected
Areas with a total
area of 187,818 ha,
formed by the
Pantanal National
Park andthe
Nature Reserves
Acurizal, Penha
and Doroche
This area is administered in a mosaic of protected areas, expanded with the addition of the Natural Reserve Engineer Eliezer Batista, and also the Fazenda Santa Teresa, in the domain of the Amolar Mountains.
This conservation effort, represents an excellent conservation strategy to embrace in a unique region a number of landscapes, ecosystems, biodiversity and cycles involved in the Pantanal.
This mosaic is connected to the Pantanal National Park through partnership
with NGOs IHP (The Pantaneiro Man Institute) Ecotrpica and ACAIA Pantanal,
in a network called the Network for the Protection and Conservation of the
Amolar Mountains Region, managed by IHP
Factors that may affect this site are equal
tothose that affect the entire Pantanal
4. Fazenda SataTereza
RPPNsAcurizal, Penha, Rumo oeste e Doroch
Network for the Protection
and Conservationof the AmolarMountains Region
5. 6. The National Park plays a key role in the dispersion of nutrients to the middle to southern part of the floodplain and is one of the most important reserves for maintaining fish stocks in the Pantanal. The area preserves representative habitats of the wetland that contain a number of globally threatened species.
Within the known hydrological cycles of the Pantanal, during a multi-year cycle of prolonged drought (1960 decade), the Pantanal National Park should have been one of the last refuges with significant primary production to maintain the region's fauna.

7. THREATS
The Pantanal can no longer be regarded as a naturally preserved area, as it once was. Follow changes occurring with increasing speed and can spin out of control.
8. NEEDS AND OPPORTUNITIES FOR RESEARCH
We need perform comparative studies between the Everglades Nacional Park, the Pantanal National Park , the Pantanaland the Everglades wetlands as well
9.

  • Long Term Ecological Research - Long Term Ecological Responses to pluriannual

variations related to the floods in the Pantanal Wetland)

Objectives:
- Monitoring of fauna (big birds and mammals) dynamics (including exotic species as golden mussel),
- Monitoring of hydrological variation and flooding area
- Monitoring of water quality (nutrients and suspended matter) and contamination level by pesticides and heavy metals, related to the floods (seasonal and interannual flood pulses) to diferenciate from the natural to the anthropogenic alterations (the main rivers in the plateau and floodplain areas) and to understand the main drive force acting in the biogeochemical features and therefore, in the primary and secondary production in the floodplain.

Institution: EmbrapaPantanal/ Ministery of Agriculture
10. Thank you very much