WIST Introduction to counseling

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Transcript of WIST Introduction to counseling

  • 1. Lecturer: Rev. Michael PrinceWIST: Rev. M. Prince 20141

2. Counseling belongs to the family of social services or guidance movement (Gladding p.4) It comes under the umbrella of Psychology/Psychotherapy The scientific study of behavior and mental processes. Counseling is an applied social science that helps individuals get better understanding of themselves to handle their roles & relationships effectively.WIST: Rev. M. Prince 20142 3. The application of mental health, psychological or human development principles, through cognitive, affective, behavioral or systematic interventions (Gladding p.6) Counseling attempts to provide encouragement and guidance for those who are facing losses, decisions, or disappointmentsstimulate personality growth and development; help people cope more effectively with the problems of living, with inner conflict and with crippling emotions (Collins 1988, p.16) WIST: Rev. M. Prince 20143 4. Counseling is a science and an art . It is a science because it applies techniques and procedures that are utilized in helping a person to understand their situations and employ the most adequate solutions for problem solving and life change; it is an art because it allows the therapist to use unique or own personality and experiences in assisting the client. WIST: Rev. M. Prince 20144 5. Christian Counseling is defined as an art and a science of applying Biblical principles to treat with clients issues using the rudiments of professional counseling.WIST: Rev. M. Prince 20145 6. Sin is the primary focus of mankinds dysfunction (Rom 5:12-14) Salvation, and transformation through counseling from the gospel is the primarysolution. Scripture is authoritative and necessary for Christian counseling because it is Gods soul care guidebookWIST: Rev. M. Prince 20146 7. WIST: Rev. M. Prince 20147 8. WIST: Rev. M. Prince 20148 9. Psychology Focus on the mind Describe human experiences and behaviors Applies Logic Understand the structure of being Spirituality Focus on God Describes the source of man Applies Faith Understand the meaning (source) of beingPsychology can not deduce the meaning or morality of life while Theology/Spirituality is not equip to explore the dynamics of personality. WIST: Rev. M. Prince 20149 10. Unique Assumptions Sin is the primary cause (fall of man) of mans deprived state and that restoration/forgiveness of God through salvation and transformation will make man totally whole. Unique Goals To stimulate spiritual growth by encouraging confession of sin, experience divine forgiveness and commit lives to Jesus Christ.Collins p. 19-20 WIST: Rev. M. Prince 201410 11. Unique Methods The application of prayer and faith in God are cornerstones of pastoral counseling. Unique Counselor-Characteristics Demonstrate personal reliance upon the same factors of salvation, transformation and a relationship with God. UniqueGiftedness Collins p. 19-20 WIST: Rev. M. Prince 201411 12. Psychology Focus on the mind Describe human experiences and behaviors Applies Logic Understand the structure of being Spirituality Focus on God Describes the source of man Applies Faith Understand the meaning (source) of beingPsychology can not deduce the meaning or morality of life while Theology/Spirituality is not equip to explore the dynamics of personality. WIST: Rev. M. Prince 201412 13. Views of counseling from two paradigms: SECULAR VIEWCHRISTIAN VIEWImprove your sense of selfReduce your sense of selfKnowledge is from human thoughtTrue knowledge is from God 1 Cor 3:18Getting ahead is money and power.Getting ahead is losing self Matt 6:19-21Wide is the way of toleranceNarrow is the way to heaven Matt 7:13-14Serve self firstServe others firstGood deeds make you goodJesus makes you goodLuke 9:24-26Matt 21:16 1 John 1:9Copyright 2008. All Rights Reserved - www.christian-information-center.comWIST: Rev. M. Prince 201413 14. See to it that no one takes you captive through hollow and deceptive philosophy, which depends on human tradition and the basic principles of this world rather than on Christ. Col. 2:8WIST: Rev. M. Prince 201414 15. WIST: Rev. M. Prince 201415 16. Is the process of helping people make important choices that affect their lives. (Gladding p.5)WIST: Rev. M. Prince 201416 17. Focuses on serious problems associated with intra-psychic, internal, personal issues/conflict (p.6)WIST: Rev. M. Prince 201417 18. The science that systematically studies behavior and experiencesWIST: Rev. M. Prince 201418 19. The service of assisting clients to manage their problems in living more effectivelyWIST: Rev. M. Prince 201419 20. The ability to stimulate a person to operate or behave in a selected way WIST: Rev. M. Prince 201420 21. Operate as an agent between the client and their personal issue WIST: Rev. M. Prince 201421 22. The systematic process of training and assimilation in order to confront issues WIST: Rev. M. Prince 201422 23. An authoritative entity that determines how a dispute is settled or apportioned WIST: Rev. M. Prince 201423 24. Guidance focuses on helping individuals choose what they value most. Counseling focuses on helping individuals make changes. WIST: Rev. M. Prince 201424 25. Psychotherapy focuses on causing change Counseling focuses on assisting the person to change They have different clients Psychotherapist deals with neurosis (mental dysfunctions) Counselor deals with persons with poor coping and decision making skills.WIST: Rev. M. Prince 201425 26. Psychology focuses on observing behavior Counseling focuses on behavior change Psychology is non-engaging Counseling is interactive and intimate Psychology focuses on the pattern of behavior Counseling focuses on the reasons/sources of behaviorWIST: Rev. M. Prince 201426 27. Helping may bare the closes resemblance or comparison to counseling Helping is the process of assisting someone in an informal and non-technical/scientific manner Counseling provides a support system and provides technical/scientific skills Persons will seek help based on the competence of the person they seek out to help them Counseling is done by someone who is trained WIST: Rev. M. Prince 201427 28. Motivation stimulates a person through external influence and reward Counseling focuses on empowering the person to effect life change WIST: Rev. M. Prince 201428 29. Intervention is initiated by others Counseling is initiated by the person; even if there is external motivation Intervention uses external pressures to stimulate emotions to effect change Counseling uses personal/internal reflection and reasoning to effect change WIST: Rev. M. Prince 201429 30. Coaching provides premeditated or rehearsed action for future events Counseling addresses coping skills for present daily living Coaching is a form of education that assist in anticipating probable future circumstances Counseling educates persons in basis skills WIST: Rev. M. Prince 201430 31. Mediation involves a third-party making decisions Counseling requires the client to reach to a point of making decisions Mediation focuses on present issue only Counseling focuses on present issue and provide coping skills for the future WIST: Rev. M. Prince 201431 32. Historical Background (Early Basis of Psychology) Greek philosophers Hippocrates: Focused on how to treat mental illness Plato (427-347BCE): Introspection and reflectionroad to knowledge; dreams and fantasiessubstitute satisfactions; human condition: physical, moral and spiritual origins Aristotle (384-322BCE): Considered first psychologist used objectivity and reason to study knowledge Socrates (469 -399 BC) : Examines thoughts and feelings; introduced the concept of introspection Augustine (354-430) and Aquinas (1225-1274): highlighted consciousness, self-examination, and inquiry Focus on Christianity during Augustine and Aquinas times limited the psychological nature of people WIST: Rev. M. Prince 201432 33. Historical Background Descartes (1596-1650) and James Mill (1773-1836): Mind a blank slate upon which ideas become generated. Europe: First experimental psychologists studied similarities and differences of people E.g.,: Wundt and Galton 1800s in U.S.: experimental psychologists James Cattell & G. Stanley Hall (1st president of APA) Williams James theory of philosophical pragmatism: truth and reality is continually constructed Testing: Binet, vocational assessment, personality tests Mesmer (mesmerize), Charcot (hypnosis) Psychoanalysis and FreudWIST: Rev. M. Prince 201433 34. Historical Background (late 1800s to 1900s) 1892: American Psychological Association (APA) was established. Other schools arise: Pavlov (classical conditioning); Phenomenology psychology; Existentialism psychology; Gestalt psychology Sigmund Freud - Was convinced that patients difficulties were due to mental rather than physical problems. It was as a result of unconscious thoughts and feelings. He presented the concept of psychoanalysis and free association.WIST: Rev. M. Prince 201434 35. Probably influenced counseling most of all professionsGave us the first comprehensive approaches to counseling and therapyTests developed by psychologist used by early vocational counselors and other counselors todayResearch techniquesEarly development of counseling skillsWIST: Rev. M. Prince 201435 36. Diagnosis Illnesses may be organic PsychopharmacologyWIST: Rev. M. Prince 201436 37. Facilitating Behavior Change Improve ability to develop healthy relationships Enhance coping skills Promote/ Improve decision making skills Facilitating overall development of the client WIST: Rev. M. Prince 201437 38. Marriage Counseling Family Counseling Career Counseling Financial Counseling Grief Counseling Substance Abuse Counseling Rehabilitative (behavioral) Counseling Mental Health Counseling WIST: Rev. M. Prince 201438 39. Emot