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  • Wisconsin Model Academic Standards and Next Generation Science Standards Content Analysis

    Table of Contents Introduction 1 Alignment Summary 3 Science Themes in WMASS 5 Grades K-4 Comparison 8 WMASS Category A 8 WMASS Category B 9 WMASS Category C 10 WMASS Category D 11 WMASS Category E 16 WMASS Category F 20 WMASS Category G & H 24 Grades 5-8 Comparison 27 WMASS Category A 27 WMASS Category B 29 WMASS Category C 31 WMASS Category D 33 WMASS Category E 41 WMASS Category F 48 WMASS Category G 56 WMASS Category H 58 Grades 9-12 Comparison 59 WMASS Category A 59 WMASS Category B 60 WMASS Category C 61 WMASS Category D 63 WMASS Category E 69 WMASS Category F 75 WMASS Category G & H 83 Acknowledgements This report was created by Eric Brunsell, University of Wisconsin Oshkosh. It was reviewed extensively by Chad Janowski, Shawano Community High School. Additional input was provided by the 2013-14 Science Futures Participants. Correspondence should be directed to Eric Brunsell at brunsele@uwosh.edu

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    Introduction The Next Generation Science Standards were released in April, 2013 by

    Achieve, Inc. These standards are a culmination of a comprehensive and

    transparent development process led by Achieve, Inc., The National Research

    Council, The National Science Teachers Association, and the American

    Association for the Advancement of Science. The standards are organized by

    grade level in elementary (K-5) and by grade band in middle school and high

    school. For more information, visit: http://www.nextgenscience.org/

    This report provides a content analysis and comparison of the Wisconsin

    Model Academic Standards for Science and the Next Generation Science

    Standards. The intent of this report is to assist school districts in Wisconsin in

    their decision process related to using NGSS for K-12 science curriculum

    reform. This document is not intended as a checklist. Instead, it is a resources

    that can be used to develop a K-12 Scope and Sequence, courses and

    instruction aligned to NGSS with some confidence that this work is consistent

    with the Wisconsin Model Academic Standards for Science.

    NGSS Terminology

    The Next Generation Science Standards are based on the Framework for

    K-12 Science Education (http://www.nap.edu/catalog.php?record_id=13165#)

    published by the National Research Council. The Framework identified three

    dimensions (Disciplinary Core Ideas, Science and Engineering Practices, and

    Crosscutting Concepts) that should form the cornerstone of a “world-class” K-12

    science education. This report makes extensive use of the following NGSS


    Disciplinary Core Ideas (DCI): The Framework defines the content that is

    central to science. This content is described by using a small number of

    Disciplinary Core Ideas that grow in complexity from kindergarten through high

    school. In addition to “traditional” science content, NGSS includes disciplinary

    core ideas related to engineering. [NGSS Appendix E Summarizes the DCIs]

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    Science and Engineering Practices (SEP): The Framework defines eight

    Science and Engineering Practices. These practices describe the skills and

    associated knowledge that scientists and engineering. These practices provide

    definition to science inquiry and engineering design activities. In addition, many

    of the practices are well aligned to the Common Core State Standards English

    Language Arts Literacy Standards for Science and Technical Fields. Instruction

    should provide students with opportunities to engage in the practices throughout

    the school year. [NGSS Appendix F Summarizes the Practices]

    Crosscutting Concepts (CCC): The Framework and NGSS define seven

    Crosscutting Concepts. These concepts (e.g. patterns, energy, systems, etc.)

    provide connections across all science disciplines. Scientists often use these

    crosscutting concepts as a lens to view and understand science

    phenomena. Instruction should help students make explicit connections between

    the crosscutting concepts and the content that they are learning. [NGSS

    Appendix G Summarizes the Crosscutting Concepts]

    Nature of Science (NOS): Nature of Science refers to the assumptions

    and norms that define science as a body of knowledge and as a process. Nature

    of Science statements are embedded in the Science and Engineering Practices

    and Crosscutting Concepts. [NGSS Appendix H Summarizes the Crosscutting


    Performance Expectations (PE): The NGSS are written as performance

    expectations. These performance expectations are not descriptions of activities,

    but are statements of what students should know and be able to do at the end of

    instruction. Therefore, the NGSS Performance Expectations provide guidance

    as to how to assess students. NGSS Performance Expectations integrate

    disciplinary core ideas, science and engineering practices, and crosscutting


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    Alignment Summary

    This section of the report provides a brief summary of the Wisconsin

    Model Academic Standards for Science and Next Generation Science Standards

    comparison. The remainder of this report provides a detailed comparison.

    WMASS Category

    K-4 6-8 9-12

    Science Themes NGSS Meets or Exceeds NGSS Meets or Exceeds

    NGSS Meets or Exceeds

    A. Science Connections

    NGSS Meets or Exceeds NGSS Meets or Exceeds

    NGSS does not include A12.1 and A12.5 Meets 5 of 7 standards.

    B. Nature of Science

    NGSS Meets or Exceeds NGSS Meets or Exceeds

    NGSS Meets or Exceeds

    C. Science Inquiry

    NGSS Meets or Exceeds NGSS Meets or Exceeds

    NGSS Meets or Exceeds

    D. Physical Science

    NGSS Meets or Exceeds NGSS Meets or Exceeds

    NGSS Meets or Exceeds

    E. Earth and Space

    NGSS Meets or Exceeds for 6 of 8 standards. WMASS E.4.1, E.4.2 are not explicitly met by NGSS. However, these two standards can be met by using earth materials as examples during instruction on properties of materials (NGSS Physical Science)

    NGSS Meets or Exceeds

    NGSS Meets or Exceeds

    F. Life and Environmental

    NGSS Meets or Exceeds NGSS Meets or Exceeds

    NGSS Meets or Exceeds

    G. Science Applications

    See Below See Below

    See Below

    H. Science in Personal and Social Perspectives

    See Below NGSS Meets or Exceeds

    See Below

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    The Next Generation Science Standards do not explicitly align with

    WMASS standards in category G (Science Applications) and H (Science in

    Personal and Social Perspectives) - with the exception of grades 6-8. Instead,

    NGSS identifies disciplinary core ideas in Engineering, Technology, and

    Society. Districts can meet the WMASS standards in three areas using the

    NGSS ETS core ideas, however special attention will need to be given to local

    examples, career connections, and other aspects that are not explicitly described

    in NGSS.

    References This document includes content drawn from the following documents: • The Wisconsin Model Academic Standards for Science


    • The NRC publication, A Framework for K-12 Science Education http://www.nap.edu/catalog.php?record_id=13165#

    • The Next Generation Science Standards and Appendices http://www.nextgenscience.org/next-generation-science-standards

    • The Disciplinary Core Idea Matrix created by the National Science Teachers Association http://nstahosted.org/pdfs/ngss/20130509/MatrixOfDisciplinaryCoreIdeasInN GSS-May2013.pdf

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    Science Themes The Wisconsin Model Academic Standards (WMASS) includes a series of

    “themes” that connect or unify the disciplines of science. WMASS describes the

    themes as follows:

    Each of the following terms refers to a theme that connects and

    unifies the many disciplines of science. The themes are found

    particularly in Standard A and are mentioned consistently

    throughout the science standards. They are identified with an

    asterisk (*) each time they appear (http://dpi.wi.gov/stn_sciglos).

    These themes are also evident in the Next Generation Science Standards

    (NGSS) in two different constructs. Crosscutting Concepts (CCC) identify

    concepts that connect all science disciplines. They often act as a “lens” through

    which scientists and engineers can view phenomena. Some of the themes are

    encoded in NGSS as Science and Engineering Practices (SEP). NGSS

    integrates the Practices and Crosscutting Concepts with Disciplinary Core Ideas

    in each NGSS Performance Expectation.


    Change. A variance in the rate, scale, and pattern, including trends and c