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    THE ANIMATE AND THEINANIMATE

    William James Sidis

    TABLE OF CONTENTS

    Preface Click chapter numbers to open.

    I The Reverse Universe

    II Reversible Laws

    III Irreversibility

    IV The Paradox

    V The Probabilities in the Problem

    VI Solution of the Paradox

    VII Theories of Life

    VIII The Extension of the Second Law

    IX The Relation Between the Tendencies

    X Exothermic and Endothermic Substances

    XI Theories of the Origin of Life

    XII The Astronomical Universe

    XIII The Nebular Hypothesis

    XIV The Reversibility Theory of Cosmogony

    XV The Pseudo-Living Organisms

    XVI Psychological Aspect of Reversal

    XVII General Summary of the Theory

    XVIII Some Objections to the Reversibility Theory

    XIX Conclusion

    AN INDEX FOR THE ANIMATE AND THE INANIMATEText entry by Dan Mahony, Nick Duvoisin, Jason Stanfield and Frankie Dintino

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    http://www.sidis.net/ANIM%20Preface.htmhttp://www.sidis.net/ANIM1.htmhttp://www.sidis.net/ANIM2.htmhttp://www.sidis.net/ANIM3.htmhttp://www.sidis.net/ANIM4.htmhttp://www.sidis.net/ANIM5.htmhttp://www.sidis.net/ANIM6.htmhttp://www.sidis.net/ANIM7.htmhttp://www.sidis.net/ANIM8.htmhttp://www.sidis.net/ANIM9.htmhttp://www.sidis.net/ANIM10.htmhttp://www.sidis.net/ANIM11.htmhttp://www.sidis.net/ANIM12.htmhttp://www.sidis.net/ANIM13.htmhttp://www.sidis.net/ANIM14.htmhttp://www.sidis.net/ANIM15.htmhttp://www.sidis.net/ANIM16.htmhttp://www.sidis.net/ANIM17.htmhttp://www.sidis.net/ANIM18.htmhttp://www.sidis.net/ANIM19.htmhttp://www.sidis.net/ANIMIndex.htmhttp://www.sidis.net/ANIMIndex.htmhttp://www.sidis.net/ANIMIndex.htmhttp://www.sidis.net/ANIM1.htmhttp://www.sidis.net/ANIM2.htmhttp://www.sidis.net/ANIM3.htmhttp://www.sidis.net/ANIM4.htmhttp://www.sidis.net/ANIM5.htmhttp://www.sidis.net/ANIM6.htmhttp://www.sidis.net/ANIM7.htmhttp://www.sidis.net/ANIM8.htmhttp://www.sidis.net/ANIM9.htmhttp://www.sidis.net/ANIM10.htmhttp://www.sidis.net/ANIM11.htmhttp://www.sidis.net/ANIM12.htmhttp://www.sidis.net/ANIM13.htmhttp://www.sidis.net/ANIM14.htmhttp://www.sidis.net/ANIM15.htmhttp://www.sidis.net/ANIM16.htmhttp://www.sidis.net/ANIM17.htmhttp://www.sidis.net/ANIM18.htmhttp://www.sidis.net/ANIM19.htmhttp://www.sidis.net/ANIMIndex.htmhttp://www.sidis.net/ANIM%20Preface.htm
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    "Our previous consideration on the production of radiant energy from thestars indicates that such production of radiant energy is only possible wherethe second law of thermodynamics is followed, that is, in a positive section ofthe universe. In a negative section of the universe the reverse process musttake place; namely, space is full of radiant energy, presumably produced in

    the positive section of space, and the stars use this radiant energy to build upa higher level of heat. All radiant energy in that section of space would tendto be absorbed by the stars, which would thus constitute perfectly blackbodies; and very little radiant energy would be produced in that section ofspace, but would mostly come from beyond the boundary surface. What littleradiant energy would be produced in the negative section of space would bepseudo-teleologically directed only towards stars which have enough activityto absorb it, and no radiant energy, or almost none, would actually leave thenegative section of space. The peculiarity of the boundary surface betweenthe positive and negative sections of space, then, is, that practically all lightthat crosses it, crosses it in one direction, namely, from the positive side to

    the negative side. If we were on the positive side, as seems to be the case,then we could not see beyond such surface, though we might easily havegravitational or other evidence of bodies existing beyond thatsurface."CHAP XII

    Seeing the invisible first dark galaxy discovered?

    "A British-led team of astronomers have discovered an object that appears tobe an invisible galaxy made almost entirely of dark matter the first everdetected. A dark galaxy is an area in the universe containing a large amountof mass that rotates like a galaxy, but contains no stars. Without any stars togive light, it could only be found using radio telescopes. It was first seen with

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    the University of Manchesters Lovell Telescope in Cheshire, and the sightingwas confirmed with the Arecibo telescope in Puerto Rico. The unknownmaterial that is thought to hold these galaxies together is known as darkmatter, but scientists still know very little about what that is."physorg.com

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    http://www.physorg.com/news3154.htmlhttp://www.physorg.com/news3154.html
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    http://www.jaydillon.com/
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    Courtesy jaydillon.com

    LIBRARY OF CONGRESS ONLINE CATALOG

    Library of Congress

    101 Independence Ave., SE

    Washington, DC 20540

    LC Control Number: 25024679

    Type of Material: Book (Print, Microform, Electronic, etc.)

    Personal Name: Sidis, William James. [from old catalog]

    Main Title: The animate and the inanimate

    Published/Created: Boston, R. G. Badger [c1925]

    Description: p. cm.

    Subjects: Science--Philosophy. [from old catalog]

    Cosmogony. [from old catalog]

    LC Classification: Q175 .S55

    CALL NUMBER: Q175 .S55

    Copy 1

    -- Request in: Jefferson or Adams Bldg General or Area Studies Reading

    Rms

    -- Status: Not Charged

    CALL NUMBER: Q175 .S55

    Copy 2

    -- Request in: Jefferson or Adams Bldg General or Area Studies Reading

    Rms

    -- Status: Not Charged

    5

    http://www.jaydillon.com/http://www.jaydillon.com/http://www.jaydillon.com/http://www.jaydillon.com/http://www.jaydillon.com/http://www.jaydillon.com/http://www.jaydillon.com/http://www.jaydillon.com/http://www.jaydillon.com/http://www.jaydillon.com/http://www.jaydillon.com/http://www.jaydillon.com/http://www.jaydillon.com/http://www.jaydillon.com/http://www.jaydillon.com/http://www.jaydillon.com/http://www.jaydillon.com/http://www.jaydillon.com/http://www.jaydillon.com/http://www.jaydillon.com/http://www.jaydillon.com/http://www.jaydillon.com/http://www.jaydillon.com/http://www.jaydillon.com/http://www.jaydillon.com/http://www.jaydillon.com/http://www.jaydillon.com/
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    From: jaydillon.comDate sent: Thu, 6 May 2004 12:28:23 EDTSubject: Sidis ANIMATE

    The National Union Catalog recorded a copy at Michigan; but it islong gone. A copy formerly at Brandeis is also gone. Ditto the copyyou photocopied in 1977 at NYU. I found one more today: CaliforniaState Library (Sacramento). So now I know about eight copies in eightlibraries:

    California State LibraryCurry College (Milton, MA)HarvardLibrary of Congress (1)Oregon State UnivPrinceton UnivUniv of Texas (Arlington)

    Washington Univ

    6

    http://jaydillon.com/
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    The Animate and the Inanimate

    William James Sidis

    PREFACE

    This work sets forth a theory which is speculative in nature,

    there being no verifying experiments. It is based on the idea of

    the reversibility of everything in time; that is, that every type of

    process has its time-image, a corresponding process which is itsexact reverse with respect to time. This accounts for all physical

    laws but one, namely, the second law of thermodynamics. This

    law has been found in the nineteenth century to be a source of a

    great deal of difficulty. The eminent physicist, Clerk-Maxwell,

    in the middle of the nineteenth century, while giving a proof of

    that law, admitted that reversals are possible by imagining a

    "sorting demon" who could sort out the smaller particles, and

    separate the slower ones from the faster ones. This second law

    of thermodynamics brought in the idea of energy-level, of

    unavailable energy (or "entropy" as it was called by Clausius)

    which was constantly increasing.

    In the theory herein set forth, we suppose that reversals of

    the second law are a regular phenomenon, and identify them

    with what is generally known as life. This changes the idea ofunavailable energy into that of a reserve fund of energy, used

    only by life, and created by non-living forces.

    This is in accordance with some recent discoveries. The

    late Prof. William James has discovered in the domain of mental

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    phenomena what he calls "reserve energy," which later

    investigation has shown to be present to a more limited extent in

    all biological phenomena. It remained a mystery, however,

    where this energy came from, and the theory of reserve energyas set forth in this work suggests a possible explanation of these

    phenomena.

    In relation to the universe as a whole, the theory herein set

    forth represents the idea of what is known as cyclical change.

    This idea is a very old one, being found among the philosophers

    of the Ionian school, and reappearing at later periods from time

    to time. On the other hand, the generall