Why do people take pictures?

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Why do people take pictures? . The first photograph - took 8 hours to expose. What was the purpose of taking this photograph? . The Camera Obscura - is this science or art? . - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Transcript of Why do people take pictures?

Why do people take pictures?

Why do people take pictures?

The first photograph - took 8 hours to expose. What was the purpose of taking this photograph? The grainy picture above is the worlds first photograph called "View from the Window at Le Gras" (circa 1826), taken and developed by French photographer pioneer Joseph Nicphore Nipce. He called this process "heliography" or sun drawing - it certainly was a long process: the exposure time was about 8 hour

What was the purpose for taking this photograph? 2

The Camera Obscura - is this science or art? This is a camera obscura. This is one of the very first cameras.3

The Daguerreotype the first photographic process that was commercially viable earlier techniques took too long and were not good for taking peoples portraits.

The main reason for all of these photographs was the desire to improve upon or invent new ways of making pictures, or better yet, to preserve time.

Although daguerreotype [wiki] was not the first photographic process to be invented, it was the first commercially viable process (earlier techniques required hours and hours of successful exposure and therefore werent suitable for taking peoples photos).The main reason for all of these photographs was the desire to improve upon or invent new ways of making pictures, or better yet, preserving time. 4

In 1839, Robert Cornelius, a Dutch chemist who immigrated to Philadelphia, took a daguerreotype portrait of himself outside of his familys store and made history: he made the worlds first human photograph!

More history

In 1839, Robert Cornelius, a Dutch chemist who immigrated to Philadelphia, took a daguerreotype portrait of himself outside of his familys store and made history: he made the worlds first human photograph!

Youre looking at Dorothy Catherine Draper, sister of NYU professor John Draper and model for the first daguerreotype portrait of a woman in the United States in 1839. She was the first woman to be photographed with her eyes open!

Yet another reason for taking pictures, to record or create portraits the one on the left is a self portrait.5Dorothy Catherine Draper - sister of NYU professor John Draper and model for the first daguerreotype portrait of a woman in the United States in 1839.

She was the first woman to be photographed with her eyes open!

Yet another reason for taking pictures, to record or create portraits.

At the time the previous pictures were taken, they were the highest form of picture making technology available.

The image here is a pinhole photograph (on film) using the same concept as the camera obscura on a much smaller scale a pinhole camera now is the lowest form of technology available.

But both served the same purpose, to make an image and to document a time or place- or person.although now, pinhole photography is considered more of an art form than ever before. Fine Art Photography At the time these pictures were taken, they were the highest form of picture making technology available.

The image here is a pinhole photograph using the same concept as the camera obscura on a much smaller scale a pinhome camera now is the lowest form of technology available. But both served the same purpose, to make an image and to document a time or place- or person.although now, pinhole photogrpahy is considered more of an art form than ever before. 7

Justin Quinnell - taking the pinhole camera to extremes --- now its about how LITTLE do we need to make a picture!

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The reason for using this low form of technology has changed now artists use it to create fine art rather than for scientific reasons. Using the earliest technology, artists are making pictures that can be considered fine art10

One of the most famous documentary photographs of all time:

Migrant Mother, Nipomo, California, photograph by Dorothea Lange, 1936; in the Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

By Dorthea Lange Documentary& Photo Journalism One of the most famous documentary photographs of all time Dorthea Langes Migrant Mother, Nipomo, California, photograph by Dorothea Lange, 1936; in the Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.11

Documentary Photography raises social & global awareness Documentary photogrpahy is used to raise social awareness as in photo journalism. 12

What do you notice about COMPOSITION, even though these are DOCUMENTARY photographs?

"What is the difference between a documentary photographer and a photojournalist? Documentary photographers tend to stick with a particular subject for a length of time doing nothing else. Their focus and attention is narrower than a typical photojournalist. The photojournalist tells stories wherever he finds them and probably goes into an area for a few hours, a week, maybe a month and then moves on to the next story. The photojournalist is concerned with bringing the story to a wide public audience.A documentary photographer wants to record something for prosperity or sometimes a specific audience. Documentary photographers usually take images for publication, but sometimes only for an exhibition in an art gallery or other public forum..But, as you can see, composition remains important even in documentary photography.

I've had great feedback about my previous post and one of the most interesting questions was , "What is the difference between a documentary photographer and a photojournalist?"Documentary photographers tend to stick with a particular subject for a length of time doing nothing else. Their focus and attention is narrower than a typical photojournalist.The photojournalist tells stories wherever he finds them and probably goes into an area for a few hours, a week, maybe a month and then moves on to the next story. The photojournalist is concerned with bringing the story to a wide public audience, their readers, while a documentary photographer wants to record something for prosperity or sometimes a specific audience.Documentary photographers usually take images for publication, but sometimes only for an exhibition in an art gallery or other public forum. Sometimes an organisation or company will commission documentary photography of its activities, but the pictures will only be for its private archives.In many ways the documentary photography and photojournalism overlap and the distinction is blurred. It's probably most useful however to regard documentary photography as a subcategory of photojournalism.16

Even a candid shot like this is a form of photo journalistic photography How do you know that the photographer thought about composition when taking this photo?

What other choices did the photographer make with this photograph? Even a candid shot like this is a form of documentary photography the photographer took the composition into account but probably did not hesitate when taking the photo17

Portrait/Event Photographer

Helps people to preserve memories, documents events. Another reason to take pictures is to preserve images of family 18

How do portraits taken of your family differ from snapshots ? How do portraits taken of your family or even candids differ from the snapshot ? 20

Photos are taken for advertisement again composition is always the most important aspect. Advertising/Commercial Photography Photos are taken for advertisement again composition is always the most important aspect. 21

Light Box Photography

What does this do to the object you are photographing?

Fashion Photography is a type of AdvertisingFashion 27

Fashion photography also combines fine art with advertising

What is the goal of FASHION PHOTOGRAPHY?

Choose props that HIGHLIGHT the objects you are shooting.

Remember what you know about Depth of Field

Action or Sports

Photography is a very popular field and reason people shoot photos.

This is a famous shot of Muhammad Ali winning a boxing match!

What camera setting do Sports photographers NEED to adjust? Sports 32

Since you do not have to be an artist or a scientist to take photos, and nearly everyone has a camera, photography has become the most widely used art medium. Everyone takes pictures for so many reasons 36

Youll begin to see the world Differently - with a camera in your pocket or bag youll find yourself looking for opportunities to use it and when you start looking at the world in that way youll start to see if differently.2. Youll take more pictures - it sounds obvious - and it is - but the result of more pictures is that youll improve your averages of taking a good one!3. Youll be more likely to get out of Auto mode - the more you use your camera and see your results the more youll find yourself wanting to stretch yourself out of auto mode into using the full potential of your camera.4. Youll get to know your camera - the more you use your camera the more familiar youll become with it and what its capable of. I find that after an intense week with my camera that changing settings becomes second nature and much faster.5. Youll miss less Kodak moments - you dont realize just how many opportunities you miss to capture moments photographically until you start carrying your camera around.5 reasons to take your camera everywhere. 37