White Nights Effects (working paper)

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  • 1. white nights effects 4

2. THEORETICAL BACKGROUND 2 3. ( research gap ) ( research gap ) 3 4. (Hughes, 1999; Van Gessel, 2000; Dwyer, 2000; Bowdin, 2001; Jones, 2001 etc.) (Quinn, 2005; Getz, 2008; Johansson and Kociatkewicz, 2011; Aalst and Melik, 2012 etc.) , (Baker and Crompton, 2000; Garcia et al., 2008; Lee, Lee and Yoon, 2011) 4 5. research background 6. 2011 , - 2012 , 2011 2012 , 2013 , , - , 6 7. 2011 (1 000 ); (500 ); - (22 ) 2012 (1 000 ); (400 ) 2013 (890 ) - , 7 , 8. general results 9. - 10 - 15% 9 2011 2012 2013 10. , . 2011 2012 2013 0 45 90 135 180 12 25 16 125 147 130 10 11. 2011 2012 2013 0 25 50 75 100 11 13 13 14 22 17 42 44 31 33 21 39 14 - 21 22 - 35 36 - 49 50+ 11 12. ! ! 350 409 404 855 731 750 12 13. , . 0 125 250 375 500 2011 2012 2013 52 53 68 377407 125 13 14. 46% , - , 15. 0 175 350 525 700 15 16. GENERAL MODEL 17. - - , () , " " , () - - 17 18. 0,29 0,27 0,30 0,38 18 19. WITH CHILDREN 20. 0,29 0,55 0,12 0,66 20 21. WITHOUT CHILDREN 22. 0,22 0,24 0,40 0,25 0,31 22 23. questionS, comments, ideas? 4