Where Australians Live
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Where Australians LiveLocation, Climate, & Natural Resources in Australia
GPS: SS6G13 The student will explain the impact of location, climate, distribution of natural resources, and population distributionA. describe how Australia's location, climate, and natural resources have affected where people liveB. describe how Australias location, climate, and natural resources impact tradeEQ: How do Australias location, climate, and natural resources impact where people live and how they trade?
Location Of AustraliaBoth a continent & a countryLies about 2,000 miles southeast of AsiaIn the southern hemisphereLiterally the land down under!
Task #1Using the map on page 34 of the student atlas, complete the first column in your Geography of Australia chart Relative Location (who remembers this?)Absolute Location (who remembers what that is?)One major city (HINT: Use this to approximate your absolute location)
PopulationCoastal areas are the most populatedMost people live along east coastMost populated city is Sydney, in New South WalesAnother populated city: Brisbane, Queensland
LocationNearly 80% of Australians live in urban areasAustralia is one of the worlds most urbanized countries70% of all Australians live in cities of more than 100,000 peopleSydney has 3 and a 1/2 million peopleMelbourne has about 3 million people
Climate of AustraliaVaries across the continentIts south of the equator, so climate is opposite North America:Summer: December through MarchWinter: June through September
Task #2Using the map on page 179 of the COACH book, complete column 2 Climate types by describing the type of climate found in each of the regions.
Climate: North Australia Northern part of Australia is closest to the equatorTropical climate and is warm-to-hot all year roundGets more rain than any other part of the countryWinter: wet and coolSummer: hot and dry
Climate: Central AustraliaDesert is the largest part of AustraliaLittle rain falls hereMost of this area gets less than 10 inches of rain per year!
Climate: CoastsOnly the southeast and southwest corners have a temperate climateSummers arent too hot & winters arent too cold (similar to Georgia)Climate in these regions is the one that Australians prefer the mostMost Australians live along southeastern coast
Natural Resources of AustraliaOutback refers to the dry interiorMainly open countryside, including vast expanses of grazing landFew widely scattered settlements in the OutbackMany of them grew up around mining operations
Natural Resources: MiningAustralians mine for coal, iron ore, copper, tin, gold, silver, uranium, nickel, tungsten, mineral sands, zinc, oil, and natural gasLead the world in the production of diamonds, lead, & bauxite (used to make aluminum)!
Natural Resources: MiningMinerals are often found in areas that are difficult to reach Roads are expensive to build, but they are needed to get workers & equipment to remote locationsExpensive equipment is needed to move minerals to populated cities to trade
Natural Resources: Arable LandLand that is good for farmingEnough areas with good land and rainfall to make farming an important business in AustraliaFarmers here produce more than Australians can consume, so the food is traded and sold around the world
Task #3Using the map on page 182 of the COACH book, complete column 4 of your chart by listing the natural resources found in each region
Task #4Using the CIA Fact book, complete column 3 by listing the manufactured goods available in Australia.Understand that these represent the whole country and not specific regions so turn your chart sideways to make your entries
Questions to Consider:Where do most Australians live?
What important business is done in the outback?
Why do most Australians live in southeastern Australia?
Postcard Directions:Front: Illustration of your favorite Australian destination (must be colorful!)Back: Write a greeting to one of your friends that describes Australia. Be sure to include:LocationClimateLandResources
I think Ill move to Australia.In the story, Alexander and the Terrible, Horrible, No Good, Very Bad Day by Judith Viorst, Alexander has a bad day and decides his life would be better if he moved to Australia. After listening to the story, write a persuasive letter to Alexanders mother to indeed let him move to the Land Down Under.Include information from the Where do Australians Live? PowerPoint to help justify your point. You will need to include descriptions of Australias location, climate, land, and resources.
CreditsWhere Australians Live retrieved from www.slideshare.netAlexander image retrieved from www.google.com/imagesUnited Streaming video, A World of Its Own Western Australia's Iron Deposits. Prod. Burning Blue Media. Planet Green,2010.Discovery Education. Web. 22 March 2012..
*Most people live in cities mining Climate is not too hot or too cold