What makes the experience of bereavement through military death different? by Liz Rolls

download What makes the experience of bereavement through military death different? by Liz Rolls

of 19

  • date post

    15-Jul-2015
  • Category

    Education

  • view

    95
  • download

    1

Embed Size (px)

Transcript of What makes the experience of bereavement through military death different? by Liz Rolls

  • WHAT MAKES THE EXPERIENCE OF BEREAVEMENT THROUGH MILITARY DEATH DIFFERENT?

    Dr. Liz Rolls

    with Dr Gillian Chowns and Dr Mairi Harper

    Honorary Research Fellow, University of Gloucestershire Independent Researcher: Pegasus Projects

    BSA: Death, Inequality and Social Difference 14 November 2014

  • TWO STUDIES

    Literature review and Scoping study of support organisations

    An Evaluation Study with bereaved military parents

    Both funded by Forces Support a charity that provides practical support to those bereaved through military death

    (with Dr Gillian Chowns)

    (with Dr Mairi Harper)

  • 25.75%

    33.72%

    8.81%

    7.78%

    21.71% 2.23%

    Disease

    Traffic accident

    KIA

    Suicide/open verdict

    Other accident

    Not known

    (Source: UK Defence Statistics Compendium)

    DISTRIBUTION OF DEATHS IN THE UK ARMED FORCES 2003-2013 (n=1720)

    Just under three quarters are from sudden causes of death

  • 7.78%

    64.76%

    21.75%

    5.08%

    0.16%

    0.48%

    18-19

    20-29

    30-39

    40-49

    50+

    NK

    These are predominantly young deaths approx 85% under 40

    DISTRIBUTION OF DEATHS IN THE UK ARMED FORCES IN IRAQ AND AFGHANISTAN 2003-2014

    BY AGE (n=630)

    (Source: BBC)

  • Families (Partners and Children)

  • Kthe Kollwitz The Mourning Parents, Vladslo German Cemetery, Belgium

    .... and Parents

  • Kthe Kollwitz The Mourning Parents, Vladslo German Cemetery, Belgium

  • 1. Is the experience of those who have been bereaved through a military death different and, if so, in what ways? 2. With a particular focus on bereaved parents, how is

    the experience compounded by the complexities of the social, cultural, and political context that surrounds them?

    QUESTIONS FOR TODAY........?

  • Cultural script of military life

    WHAT MAKES THE EXPERIENCE OF THOSE WHO HAVE BEEN BEREAVED THROUGH A MILITARY DEATH DIFFERENT?

    (Keegan, 2011)

  • The impact of deployment prior to the death

    DIFFERENCES

    Nature and timing of the death

    Those who have died and those left behind

    Media coverage

    Military culture and personal identity

    Additional losses and changes

  • The impact of deployment prior to the death

    DIFFERENCES

    Nature and timing of the death

    Those who have died and those left behind

    Media coverage

    Military culture and personal identity

    Additional losses and changes

    Deployment: Constitutes varying degrees of loss Companionship and intimacy Emotional and instrumental support, inc childcare. Associated with: Spousal depression Sleep disturbance Physical symptoms Significant increases in parenting distress Disruption in parenting rules/expectations Increased rates of child/intimate partner

    Military families - used to cycles of absence

  • The impact of deployment prior to the death

    DIFFERENCES

    Nature and timing of the death

    Those who have died and those left behind

    Media coverage

    Military culture and personal identity

    Additional losses and changes

    Crisis deaths Unusually traumatic, and violent Anticipated but sudden

    Death outside the UK Repatriation of the body RWB helpful/intrusive Few relatives able to visit the place of death

    Death in the UK No repatriation ceremony

    Inquest Delays in funeral arrangements Uncertainty knowing what has happened and in getting the story clear

  • The impact of deployment prior to the death

    DIFFERENCES

    Nature and timing of the death

    Those who have died and those left behind

    Media coverage

    Military culture and personal identity

    Additional losses and changes

    Those who die are relatively young leaving behind: Partners In post-modern family structures - Which one? Parents Consequences when relationships poor Siblings Forgotten?

    Children Unborn/Very young?

  • The impact of deployment prior to the death

    DIFFERENCES

    Nature and timing of the death

    Those who have died and those left behind

    Media coverage

    Military culture and personal identity

    Additional losses and changes

    Consequences Recognition to person/bereaved Honour the death BUT: Attention on-going over time/images repeated

    National news & Information very public

  • The impact of deployment prior to the death

    DIFFERENCES

    Nature and timing of the death

    Those who have died and those left behind

    Media coverage

    Military culture and personal identity

    Additional losses and changes

    Military culture: Language, social norms, and attitudes Strong identity bound up with it BUT: Finding meaning may be challenging

  • The impact of deployment prior to the death

    DIFFERENCES

    Nature and timing of the death

    Those who have died and those left behind

    Media coverage

    Military culture and personal identity

    Additional losses and changes

    Domino effect of changes/loss For partners Practical support Military life Parenting Support Supportive relationships House Work

    For children Friends School/Education

  • CIVILIAN MILITARY

    The shattering of life

    The enduring presence of the deceased son

    Enduring feelings of grief

    Feeling isolated and redundant

    PARENTAL BEREAVEMENT

    Grieving state of mind

    Cultural isolation

    Isolated from military family

    Geographical isolation

    Social isolation

  • CIVILIAN MILITARY

    SUDDEN AND VIOLENT DEATH

    How parents were informed

    The processes surrounding the death

    Seeing the body

    Loss of control

    A paradoxical space

    Narrative re-enactment of violent death

    The Funeral The Belongings Kinship

    Hierarchy of loss

    of death

  • lrolls@glos.ac.uk