What is Digital Storytelling? The Digital Storytelling Association defines Digital Storytelling as...
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What is Digital What is Digital Storytelling?Storytelling?
The The Digital Storytelling AssociationDigital Storytelling Association defines Digital defines Digital Storytelling as "the modern expression of the ancient art of Storytelling as "the modern expression of the ancient art of storytelling. Throughout history, storytelling has been used storytelling. Throughout history, storytelling has been used to share knowledge, wisdom, and values. Stories have to share knowledge, wisdom, and values. Stories have taken many different forms. Stories have been adapted to taken many different forms. Stories have been adapted to each successive medium that has emerged, from the circle each successive medium that has emerged, from the circle of the campfire to the silver screen, and now the computer of the campfire to the silver screen, and now the computer screen."screen."
• Computers with Windows XP/Vista operating system• Digital camera / Camcorder• Access to the World Wide Web• Microphones • DVD burner (for creating movies to take home) • Software for streaming video (ex. Quicktime) if you
consider publishing your movies on a school website (otherwise, not really necessary)
Windows Movie Maker (PC only)
•Windows Movie Maker is a FREE video editing software program that is included as part of the Windows operating system (XP and Vista). It allows you to add music, and/or your own narration to your photo stories. It is basically a video version of Powerpoint.*************************************************************
There are other video editing software programs…just to name a few
•Photo Story 3 for Windows – FREE - easy-to-use program that can be downloaded from Microsoft •Apple iMovie - FREE (Mac only)•Adobe Premiere Elements - (about $99.00) slightly more advance program
TECHNOLOGY TOOLS - TECHNOLOGY TOOLS - VIDEOVIDEO
• Microsoft Sound Recorder - free with Microsoft Sound Recorder - free with WindowsWindows (can be found from your Start (can be found from your Start button/All Program/Accessories)button/All Program/Accessories)
• Audacity Program – free recorder and Audacity Program – free recorder and editor that can be downloaded editor that can be downloaded
• Goldwave – Windows -(about $49.00)Goldwave – Windows -(about $49.00)
• Adobe Audition 3 – (about $350.00)Adobe Audition 3 – (about $350.00)
TECHNOLOGY TOOLS - TECHNOLOGY TOOLS - AUDIOAUDIO
TECHNOLOGY TOOLS - TECHNOLOGY TOOLS - GRAPHICSGRAPHICS
Pictures can come from your computer, camera, digital camera, scanner, CD or free photography Websites
There are a number of images that can be used in addition to pictures. Some ideas are:documents, old photos, greeting cards, post cards drawings, maps, paintings, book covers, etc
File Formats supported by File Formats supported by Windows Movie Maker in Windows Movie Maker in
Windows XPWindows XPSupported formats for importing content:Supported formats for importing content: Video filesVideo files: .asf, .avi, .wmv : .asf, .avi, .wmv Movie filesMovie files: MPEG1, .mpeg, .mpg, .m1v, .mp2 : MPEG1, .mpeg, .mpg, .m1v, .mp2 Audio filesAudio files: .wav, .snd, .au, .aif, .aifc, .aiff : .wav, .snd, .au, .aif, .aifc, .aiff Windows Media filesWindows Media files: .asf, .wm, .wma, .wmv : .asf, .wm, .wma, .wmv Still imagesStill images: .bmp, .jpg, .jpeg, .jpe, .jfif, .gif : .bmp, .jpg, .jpeg, .jpe, .jfif, .gif MP3 format audio: .mp3MP3 format audio: .mp3
Supported formats for saving movies:Supported formats for saving movies: Windows Media video files: .wmv Windows Media video files: .wmv Windows Media audio files: .wma Windows Media audio files: .wma DV/AVI format for video: .aviDV/AVI format for video: .avi
This information can be found on the Microsoft Help and Support Page.
TECHNOLOGY TOOLS - TECHNOLOGY TOOLS - PLAYERSPLAYERS
Windows Media PlayerWindows Media Player
QuickTime PlayerQuickTime Player
ITunes for MacITunes for Mac
GETTING VIDEO ON THE GETTING VIDEO ON THE COMPUTERCOMPUTER
Two ways to get video from your camera into your computer:
1)USB port2)Firewire ports
• All PC’s have USB ports, and many laptops have Firewire ports
(Firewire (IEEE 1394) is a faster transfer rate which can transfer higher-quality video)
• USB is more than sufficient for school-based videos.
Basic Steps to Basic Steps to Creating a Digital Story Creating a Digital Story
SELECTSELECT a topic for your digital story•Then create a folder on the desktop where you can store all your files (EXTREMELY IMPORTANT STEP)
COLLECT: COLLECT: •Image resources for your story including: pictures, drawings, photographs, videos, etc.
•Audio resources such as music, sound effects, speeches, etc.
•Information from word processing documents, PowerPoint slides, websites, etc (Save everything you collected in your folder) Save everything you collected in your folder)
• Decide which files of your collection you want to use
• Import images into Movie Maker
• Import audio and/or music into Movie Maker
• Add effects for your clips
• Add transitions
•Write the script that you will use as narration in your digital story (it is a good idea to use a storyboard)
•Record the narration of your script using a microphone (this is done right in MovieMaker)
•Import the narration (if done with a separate video recorder)
•Save your project
•Publish your digital story by saving it as a Windows Media Video (.wmv) file.
AN OVERVIEW OFAN OVERVIEW OFMOVIE MAKER MOVIE MAKER
IMAGES AND MUSIC ARE
COLLECTED AND STORED HERE
ENTIRE MOVIE OR
Capture Video Area
Get video, still pictures, or audio from the camera, disk, or other source
Edit Movie Area
Transitions, video effects, titles, and credits
Export to Computer, CD, web, or back to the camera
THE TWO VIEWS IN MOVIE THE TWO VIEWS IN MOVIE MAKERMAKER
Use Storyboard to organize the order of clips, insert effects, and insert transitions between video segments.
STORYBOARD VIEWSTORYBOARD VIEW
TIMELINE VIEWTIMELINE VIEW
Switch to the Timeline when you need to insert audio, add narration, or edit the lengths of your movie clips.
This is a graphic of Movie Maker’s interface including the Movie Tasks pane, the Collection pane, and Monitor window.
Movie Tasks Collections Monitor
A storyboard can be used to outline your story. There are many storyboard templates available online or you can make your own. (A copy is attached with your handouts).
A storyboard should contain:Narration or Script
Text or titles that appear on imagesImages
(be sure to add the Source so you can build your credits later)
When you’re ready to tell your story. Remember, When you’re ready to tell your story. Remember, your story idea or presentation concept should be your story idea or presentation concept should be outlined or developed before you start. outlined or developed before you start.
IT IS NOT A GOOD IDEA TO MAKE IT UP AS YOU GO.IT IS NOT A GOOD IDEA TO MAKE IT UP AS YOU GO.
Be sure to save often when using Movie Maker. Even though it is a free program it is not free of problems.
VERY IMPORTANTVERY IMPORTANTA Windows Movie Maker project file does not contain a copy of the source files that are used in the project, if you want to move a Movie Maker project file and edit it on another computer, you need to copy all of the source content to that computer. That is why it is important to put everything into one folder when creating a movie.
IMPORTANT TIPSIMPORTANT TIPS
The best (safest) kind of media to use The best (safest) kind of media to use for your story is your own. The media for your story is your own. The media files you use in your story MUST be files you use in your story MUST be licensed or shared with permission to licensed or shared with permission to re-use; this is the only way you can re-use; this is the only way you can safely share them. For each media file safely share them. For each media file you find, document the source by title you find, document the source by title and URL and find a person or and URL and find a person or organization to assign credit. organization to assign credit.
Last but not least…….Last but not least…….
ALWAYS MAKE SURE YOU CREDIT YOUR ALWAYS MAKE SURE YOU CREDIT YOUR SOURCESSOURCES
COPYRIGHT ISSUES AND FAIR USECOPYRIGHT ISSUES AND FAIR USE
TYPE OF MEDIA PORTION LIMITATION
Motion Media Up to 10% or 3 minutes, whichever is less, of a single copyrighted motion media work
Text Up to 10% or 1000 words, whichever is less, of a single copyrighted work
Poems (text) An entire poem of less than 250 words: no more than three poems by one poet, or five poems by different poets from a single anthologyIn poems of greater length: up to 250 words but no more than three excerpts by a single poet or five excerpts by different poets from a single anthology
Music, Lyrics, and Music Video
Up to 10%, but not more than 30 seconds of music and lyrics from an individual musical work; any alterations to a musical work shall not change the basic melody or the fundamental character of the work
Illustrations and Photographs
A photograph or illustration may be used in its entirety. No more than 5 images by an artist or photographer. Not more than 10% or 15 images, whichever is less, from a single published collected work
Numerical Data Sets(spread sheets/databases)
Up to 10% or 2500 fields or cell entries, whichever is less, from a copyrighted database or data table; A field entry is defined as a specific item of information, such as a name or Social Security number, in a record of a database file. A cell entry is defined as the intersection where a row and a column meet on a spreadsheet.
Copying and Distribution Limitations Only a limited number of copies, including the original, may be made of an educator's educational multimedia project.No more than two use copies only one of which may be placed on reserve;An additional copy may be made for preservation purposes but may only be used or copied to replace a use copy that has been lost, stolen, or damaged;In the case of a jointly created educational multimedia project, each principal creator may retain one copy following the time and use restraints listed above
Guidelines from Encyclopedia of Educational Technology
KEEPING IT LEGAL IN A DIGITAL WORLD KEEPING IT LEGAL IN A DIGITAL WORLD
Use only course related content. If in doubt, don’t use a copyrighted Use only course related content. If in doubt, don’t use a copyrighted piece without written permission.piece without written permission.
Ask for permission.Ask for permission.
Define education for your purposes… if you plan to claim “Fair Use.”Define education for your purposes… if you plan to claim “Fair Use.”
Always document usage in your lesson plan.Always document usage in your lesson plan.
Check the Archdiocese of Philadelphia AUP (Acceptable Use Policy) – Check the Archdiocese of Philadelphia AUP (Acceptable Use Policy) – create a handout for your school with specifics, if necessarycreate a handout for your school with specifics, if necessary
Use legal royalty free music, images, photos, and properly licensed Use legal royalty free music, images, photos, and properly licensed videos.videos.
Joe Lambert, the author of "Digital StorytellingCookbook and Travelling Companion" states in this
documentthat a good digital story must contain seven elements.
1.Point of View – Who is the narrator and why is he/she talking to us?
2.Dramatic Question – Desire – Action - Realization 3.Emotional Content – What are the emotions
associated with your narrative? 4.The Gift of your Voice – What does your narrator
sound like? 5.The Power of the Soundtrack – What music sets
the mood for your story? 6.Economy – Keep it short and succinct. 7.Pacing – The rhythm of the story helps set the tone
Summer Academy WikispaceSummer Academy Wikispace
Under Sessions click on Digital Under Sessions click on Digital Storytelling and CopyrightStorytelling and Copyright