Welding -- Design Procedures and Inspections-b

download Welding -- Design Procedures and Inspections-b

of 259

  • date post

    15-Nov-2014
  • Category

    Documents

  • view

    126
  • download

    5

Embed Size (px)

Transcript of Welding -- Design Procedures and Inspections-b

UFC 3-320-01A 1 March 2005

UNIFIED FACILITIES CRITERIA (UFC)

WELDING DESIGN PROCEDURES AND INSPECTIONS

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE; DISTRIBUTION UNLIMITED

UFC 3-320-01A 1 March 2005

UNIFIED FACILITIES CRITERIA (UFC) WELDING DESIGN PROCEDURES AND INSPECTIONS Any copyrighted material included in this UFC is identified at its point of use. Use of the copyrighted material apart from this UFC must have the permission of the copyright holder.

U.S. ARMY CORPS OF ENGINEERS (Preparing Activity) NAVAL FACILITIES ENGINEERING COMMAND AIR FORCE CIVIL ENGINEER SUPPORT AGENCY

Record of Changes (changes are indicated by \1\ ... /1/) Change No. Date Location

This UFC supersedes TI 809-26, dated 1 March 2000. The format of this UFC does not conform to UFC 1-300-01; however, the format will be adjusted to conform at the next revision. The body of this UFC is the previous TI 809-26, dated 1 March 2000.

1

TI 809-26 1 March 2000

Technical Instructions

Welding Design Procedures And Inspections

Headquarters US Army Corps of Engineers Engineering and Construction Division Directorate of Military Programs Washington, DC 20314-1000

CEMP-E

TI 809-26 1 March 2000

TECHNICAL INSTRUCTIONS

WELDING - DESIGN PROCEDURES AND INSPECTIONS

Any copyrighted material included in this document is identified at its point of use. Use of the copyrighted material apart from this document must have the permission of the copyright holder.

Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.

Record of Changes (changes indicated \1\.../1/) No. Date Location

This Technical Instruction supersedes TM 5-805-7, Welding Design, Procedures and Inspection dated 20 May 1985

CEMP-EWELDING - DESIGN PROCEDURES AND INSPECTIONS Table of Contents

TI 809-26 1 March 2000

Page CHAPTER 1. GENERAL Paragraph 1. 2. 3. 2. PURPOSE AND SCOPE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . APPLICABILITY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . REFERENCES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . BIBLIOGRAPHY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-1 1-1 1-1 1-1

CHAPTER 2. APPLICABLE DESIGN SPECIFICATIONS Paragraph 1. GENERAL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-1 a. Specification Cycles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-1 b. Specification Conflicts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-1 c. New Materials . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-1 d. Preferred Design Methodology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-1 e. Standards Evaluation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-1 2. USACE AND OTHER MILITARY DOCUMENTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-1 a. TI 809-01 Load Assumptions for Buildings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-1 b. TI 809-02 Structural Design Criteria for Buildings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-1 c. TI 809-04 Seismic Design for Buildings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-2 d. TI 809-05 Seismic Evaluation and Rehabilitation for Buildings . . . . . . . . 2-2 e. TI 809-07 Design of Cold-Formed Load Bearing Steel Systems and Masonry Veneer / Steel Stud Walls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-2 f. TI 809-30 Metal Building Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-2 g. TM 5-809-6 Structural Design Criteria for Structures Other than Buildings 2-2 3. AISC SPECIFICATIONS AND STANDARDS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-2 a. Metric Load and Resistance Design Specification for Structural Steel Buildings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-2 b. Load and Resistance Factor Design Specification for Structural Steel Buildings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-2 c. Specification for Structural Steel Buildings - Allowable Stress Design and Plastic Design . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-3 d. Seismic Provisions for Structural Steel Buildings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-3 e. Code of Standard Practice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-3 f. Manual of Steel Construction, LRFD, Metric Conversion . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-3 g. Manual of Steel Construction, LRFD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-3 h. Manual of Steel Construction, ASD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-4 4. AWS SPECIFICATIONS AND STANDARDS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-4 a. D1.1 Structural Welding Code - Steel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-4 b. D1.3 Structural Welding Code - Sheet Steel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-4 c. D1.4 Structural Welding Code - Reinforcing Steel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-4 d. A2.4 Standard Symbols for Welding, Brazing and Nondestructive Testing 2-4 e. A5-series Filler Metal Related Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-4 5. FEDERAL EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-5 i

CEMP-E

TI 809-26 1 March 2000a. FEMA 267 & 267B Steel Moment Frame Structures - Interim Guidelines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-5 b. FEMA 267 Replacement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-5 c. FEMA 273 NEHRP Guidelines for the Seismic Rehabilitation of Buildings 2-5 . d. FEMA 302 NEHRP Recommended Provisions for Seismic Regulations for new Buildings and Other Structures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-5

CHAPTER 3. WELDING PROCESSES AND MATERIALS Paragraph 1. WELDING AND RELATED PROCESSES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . a. General - Welding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . b. General - Heating and Thermal Cutting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . c. General - Weld Heat-Affected Zone . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . d. Project Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2. APPLICATION OF HEAT FOR WELDING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . a. Cooling Rate Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . b. Preheat for Prequalified Applications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . c. Preheat for Non-prequalified Applications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . d. Preheat for Sheet Steel to Structural Steel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . e. Interpass Temperature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . f. Postheat (PWHT) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3. APPLICATION OF HEAT FOR STRAIGHTENING AND CAMBERING . . . . a. Principle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . b. Cambering Procedure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . c. Maximum Temperatures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4. THERMAL CUTTING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . a. Oxyfuel Cutting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . b. Plasma Arc Cutting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . c. Edge Quality . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5. AIR CARBON ARC GOUGING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . a. Process . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . b. Surface Finishing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-1 3-1 3-1 3-1 3-1 3-1 3-1 3-2 3-4 3-4 3-4 3-5 3-5 3-5 3-5 3-5 3-5 3-5 3-5 3-6 3-6 3-6 3-6

CHAPTER 4. STRUCTURAL STEELS Paragraph 1. AISC AND AWS LISTED STRUCTURAL STEELS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . a. AISC Approved Steels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . b. AWS Prequalified Steels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . c. AWS Approved Steels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . d. Matching Filler Metals for Prequalified Steels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . e. Matching Filler Metals for Non-qualified Steels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . f. Unlisted Steels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2. WELDABILITY OF STRUCTURAL STEELS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . a. Chemical Composition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . b. Carbon Equivalency . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3. PROPERTY ENHANCEMENTS FOR STRUCTURAL STEELS . . . . . . . . . . a. Yield to Ultimate Strength Ratio . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ii 4-1 4-1 4-1 4-2 4-2 4-3 4-4 4-4 4-4 4-6 4-8 4-8

CEMP-E

TI 809-26 1 March 2000b. Killed Steel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-9 c. Fine Grain Practice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .