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Transcript of Waste Management Institute of New Zealand · PDF file The Guide includes numerous references...

  • September 2008

    Waste Management Institute of New Zealand

  • the new zealand resource recovery park design guide september 2008

    ISBN 978-0-473-13713-7


    This document has been prepared with financial support from the Minister for the Environment’s Sustainable Management Fund, which is administered by the Ministry for the Environment.


    The Ministry for the Environment does not necessarily endorse or support the content of the publication in any way.


    Reproduction, adaptation, or issuing of this publication for educational or other non- commercial purposes is authorised without prior permission of the copyright holder(s). Reproduction, adaptation, or issuing of this publication for resale or other commercial purposes is prohibited without the prior permission of the copyright holder(s).

    Printed using vege oil based petroleum-free ecolith inks on ecoStar : 100% recycled, post consumer waste, PCF, FSC certified : cover 300gsm text 140gsm

  • the new zealand resource recovery park design guide september 2008


    1 Introduction 1 1.2 Facilities to which this Guide applies 2 1.3 Purpose and scope of the Guide 3 1.4 Who should use this Guide? 3

    2 Why establish a Resource Recovery Park? 4 2.1 General principles 4 2.2 New Zealand waste policy and statutory framework 4

    2.2.1 The New Zealand Waste Strategy 2002 5 2.2.2 The Waste Minimisation Act 2008 5 2.2.3 Local Government Act 1974 and 2002 (LGA) 6 2.2.4 Resource Management Act 1991 (RMA) 6 2.2.5 Hazardous Substances and New Organisms Act 1996 (HSNO) 7 2.2.6 Building Act 2004 7 2.2.7 Health Act 1956 7 2.2.8 Health and Safety in Employment Act 1992 (HSE) 7 2.2.9 Other considerations 7

    2.3 Engaging the community 8 2.3.1 Levels of community engagement 8 2.3.2 Formal processes 9 2.3.3 Waste education and other information dissemination 9 2.3.4 The role of Resource Recovery Parks 9

    3. Planning and Siting 11 3.1 Needs assessment 11 3.2 Economic considerations 13

    3.2.1 Facility costs 13 3.2.2 Cost recovery 13 3.2.3 Selection of materials for resource recovery 15 3.2.4 Contractual arrangements 15

    3.3 Site selection 17 3.3.1 Selection criteria 17 3.3.2 Selection methodology 20

    3.4 Consultation 21 3.5 Consents and other approvals 23

    3.5.1 Overview 23 3.5.2 Resource consents 23 3.5.3 Building consent 24 3.5.4 Other legal requirements 25

    4 Design 26 4.1 Design principles 26 4.2 Site layout 26 4.3 Resource recovery activities 27

    4.3.1 Recyclables - plastics, glass, cans, cardboard and paper 27 4.3.2 Scrap metal and appliances 29 4.3.3 Waste oil 29 4.3.4 Vehicle batteries 30 4.3.5 Gas bottles 31 4.3.6 Reusable goods 31 4.3.7 Green waste 31 4.3.8 C&D materials 32 4.3.9 Polystyrene 33 4.3.10 Commercial and industrial waste recovery 33

  • the new zealand resource recovery park design guide september 2008

    4.3.11 Tyres 33 4.3.12 Hazardous Waste 34 4.3.13 Product stewardship 35 4.3.14 Storage 36 4.3.15 Residual waste 36

    4.4 Common design features 36 4.4.1 Health and safety 36 4.4.2 Environmental protection 37 4.4.3 Sustainability 39 4.4.4 Durability 40 4.4.5 Efficient materials handling 41 4.4.6 Flexibility and expansion 41

    4.5 Site infrastructure 41 4.5.1 Gatehouse and weighbridge 41 4.5.2 Security 42 4.5.3 Community and education facilities 42 4.5.4 Staff facilities 42 4.5.5 Utilities 42 4.5.6 Signage 43

    4.6 Site access and traffic flow 44 4.6.1 Site access 44 4.6.2 Internal traffic flow and control 44

    5 Operation and Management 45 5.1 Introduction 45 5.2 Site management plans 45 5.3 Staff 46

    5.3.1 Staffing levels 46 5.3.2 Staff training 46

    5.4 Health and safety 47 5.5 Environmental protection 47 5.6 Emergency management 48 5.7 Materials acceptance and handling 49

    5.7.1 Site access and operating hours 49 5.7.2 Materials acceptance 50 5.7.3 Resale of used items 50 5.7.4 Materials handling 51 5.7.5 Hazardous waste 52

    5.8 Traffic management 53 5.9 User education and customer feedback 53

    APPENDIX Typical Contents of a Resource Recovery Park Site Management Plan 55 Glossary 57 Index 59

  • the new zealand resource recovery park design guide september 2008


    This Guide has been produced specifically for New Zealand conditions, although some of the general aspects of the Guide draw on information presented in other design documents.

    Key reference documents are:

    EcoRecycle Victoria, July 2004: Guide to Best Practice at Resource Recovery and Waste Transfer Facilities

    Department of Environment and Conservation NSW, August 2006: Handbook for Design and Operation of Rural and Regional Transfer Stations

    The Guide includes numerous references to other useful documents. WasteMINZ will endeavour to update these links on a regular basis, but the reader should be aware that due to the rapidly changing nature of the information base on the internet, information relating to specific websites may not always be accurate.

  • the new zealand resource recovery park design guide september 2008


    This document has been prepared by Tonkin & Taylor Ltd on behalf of the Waste Management Institute New Zealand (WasteMINZ).

    WasteMINZ wishes to thank the following individuals for their generous support and contribution:

    Neal Absalom Opus International Consultants Jo Cavanagh Landcare Research Brian Gallagher Timaru District Council Trudy Geoghegan Environment Canterbury Kevin Graham Friendlypak Nick Roozenburg Tauranga District Council Rob Rouse Ashburton District Council Marian Shore Waitaki Resource Recovery Trust

    The Project Team:

    Nathan Baker Tonkin & Taylor Ltd Patricia Blütner Weitsicht Ltd Tony Bryce Tonkin & Taylor Ltd Nigel Clarke Waste Management Institute New Zealand Inc Tony Kortegast Tonkin & Taylor Ltd Leanne Lassman Electric Hedgehog Design

  • the new zealand resource recovery park design guide september 2008

    List of Abbreviations

    C&D Construction & Demolition (waste)

    CCTV Closed-circuit television

    ERMA Environmental Risk Management Authority

    E-waste Electronic waste

    HSE Health & Safety in Employment (Act)

    HSNO Hazardous Substances and New Organisms (Act)

    LGA Local Government Act

    LTCCP Long Term Council Community Plan

    MfE Ministry for the Environment

    MRF Materials Recovery Facility

    NES National Environmental Standard

    NZWS New Zealand Waste Strategy

    PPE Personal Protective Equipment

    RMA Resource Management Act

    RRP Resource Recovery Park

    RTS Refuse Transfer Station

    SWAP Solid Waste Analysis Protocol

    TA Territorial Authority

    WMA Waste Minimisation Act

    WMMP Waste Management and Minimisation Plan

  • one : 1 the new zealand resource recovery park design guide september 2008

    1 Introduction 1.1 Background

    Resource Recovery Parks (RRPs) are established to collect, separate and transfer recyclable materials and residual waste. In many cases, they also include operations such as composting, the repair and sale of used goods, associated manufacturing and retail businesses, and other activities adding value to the resources that have been recovered. RRPs range from small community-based operations that concentrate on resource recovery while also managing residual waste, to large commercial or public facilities associated with an established or new refuse transfer station or landfill. Often, they serve as a focus for education initiatives to encourage the community to minimise the wastage of useful items and resources.

    Resource Recovery Parks accept recoverable materials and residual waste direct from the public, and often from contractors and industrial customers. The materials are those not dealt with by conventional refuse collection or kerbside recycling operations and in this way RRPs complement other resource recovery activities that may be in place in a community. Resource Recovery Parks can become attractive locations for a range of businesses as they offer the opportunity to use or process the raw materials collected on the site and exchange by-products.

    Throughout the world typical Resource Recovery Park activities include:

    Collection, separation and off-site transfer of a wide range of recyclable materials.

    Reprocessing of plastics, glass, timber, paper and cardboard (Kraft).

    Collection, separation, composting and/or mulching of green waste.

    Commercial-scale materials recovery.

    Thermal treatment and recovery of energy from waste.

    Ash reprocessing from waste-to-energy plants.

    Reprocessing of electronic goods.

    Concrete crushing for aggregate and recovery of reinforcing steel.

    Tyre recovery and shredding or reprocessing.

    Biofuel production.

    Hazardous waste collection.

    Contaminated soil treatment.

    Business support activities.


    Consolidation of residual waste for transfer to landfill.

    In New Zealand, Resource Recovery Parks are developed for a variety of reasons ranging from economic objectives to implementing a community’s Zero Waste policy or providing an educational opportunity, or a combination of all of these. Whatever the drivers are for establishing a RRP in a particular community, it is important that each facility can adapt to changes in legislation and regulat