War Photographers

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Social Studies for 10 th E.G.B. Teacher: Mauricio Torres WAR PHOTOGRAPHERS

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  1. 1. WARPHOTOGRAPHERSSocial Studies for 10 th E.G.B.Teacher: Mauricio Torres
  2. 2. What is a photojournalist?Photojournalism is a particular formof journalism (the collecting, editing, andpresenting of news material forpublication or broadcast) that createsimages in order to tell a news story.Timeliness the images havemeaning in the context of a recentlypublished record of events.Objectivity the situation impliedby the images is a fair and accuraterepresentation of the events theydepict in both content and tone.Narrative the images combinewith other news elements to makefacts relatable to the viewer orreader on a cultural level.
  3. 3. What is a photojournalist?Like a writer, a photojournalist isa reporter but he or she must often makedecisions instantly and carry photographicequipment, often while exposed tosignificant obstacles.
  4. 4. Robert Capa
  5. 5. Robert CapaReal name: Andr FriedmanWas a Hungarian combat photographerand photojournalist who covered fivedifferent wars: the Spanish Civil War,the Second Sino-Japanese War, WorldWar II across Europe, the 1948 Arab-Israeli War, and the First Indochina War.
  6. 6. Robert Capa From 1936 to 1939, he was in Spain, photographing the horrors of the Spanish Civil War, along with Gerda Taro, his companion and professional photography partner.
  7. 7. Robert CapaCapa originally wanted to be a writer;however, he found work in photographyin Berlin and grew to love the art. In 1933,he moved from Germany to Francebecause of the rise of Nazism, but foundit difficult to find work there as afreelance journalist.He adopted the name "Robert Capaaround this time in fact "cpa("shark) was his nickname in school and Capas first published photograph wasalso he felt that it would be recognizable that of Leon Trotsky making a speech inand American-sounding. He found it Copenhagen on "The Meaning of theeasier to sell his photos under the newlyRussian Revolution in 1932.adopted "American" sounding name andover a period of time gradually assumedthe persona of Robert Capa.
  8. 8. Robert Capa
  9. 9. Robert CapaProbably his most famous images, The Magnificent Eleven are a group of photos of D-Day taken by Robert Capa. Taking part in the Allied invasion Capa was with the secondwave of troops on the American invasion beach, Omaha Beach. The men stormingOmaha Beach faced some of the heaviest resistance from German troops within thebunkers of the Atlantikwall. While under constant fire Capa took 106 pictures, but allbut eleven were destroyed in a photo lab accident back in London.
  10. 10. Robert Capa
  11. 11. Robert Capa
  12. 12. Robert Capa Capa is known for redefining wartime photojournalism. His workcame literally from the trenches as opposed to the more arms-length perspective that was the precedent previously. He wasfamed for saying, "If your picture isnt good enough, youre not closeenough."
  13. 13. James Nachtwey
  14. 14. James Nachtwey Is an American photojournalist and war photographer. Nachtwey started working as a newspaper photographer in 1976 at the Albuquerque Journal. In 1980, he moved to New York and began working as a freelance photographer. In 1981, Nachtwey covered his first overseas assignment in Northern Ireland illustrating civil strife. He has documented a variety of armed conflicts and social issues.
  15. 15. James NachtweyIn Iraq, as Nachtwey, along with Timecorrespondent Michael Weisskopf rode inthe back of a Humvee with the UnitedStates Army "Tomb Raiders" SurveyPlatoon, an insurgent threw a grenadeinto the vehicle. Weisskopf grabbed thegrenade to throw it out of the humvee,but it exploded in his hand. Two soldierswere injured in the explosion, along withthe Time journalists. Nachtwey managedto take several photographs of medicBillie Grimes treating Weisskopf beforepassing out. Both journalists wereairlifted to Germany and later to hospitalsin the United States. Nachtweyrecovered sufficiently to return overseasto cover the tsunami in Southeast Asia ofDecember 26, 2004.
  16. 16. James NachtweyNachtwey was present during the September11, 2001 attacks on the World Trade Center, andproduced a well known related body of work.
  17. 17. James Nachtwey
  18. 18. James Nachtwey In South Africa, Latin America, the Middle East, Russia, Eastern Europe, the former Soviet Union, he has been shooting pictures of war, conflict and famine, and images of socio- political issues (pollution, crime and punishment) in Western Europe and the United States.
  19. 19. James Nachtwey
  20. 20. Assignment Look on the internet or History books, pictures done by Fenton orBrady. They were both war photographers during the 1860s(American Civil War and Crimean War). After that, do the following,and send it via email: Compare their styles with that of Capa and Nachtwey (2 paragraphs). Analyze the phrase: if your pictures aren t good enough, you are not closeenough. Does it apply to Fenton and Brady? In what way? (one paragraph). Use two sample images to justify your answer. One by Fenton or Brady and thesecond one by Capa or Nachtwey. Brady did some retouching to his pictures. What was it?
  21. 21. Assignment
  22. 22. Assignment