War Horse Scheme of Work

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  • WarHorse

    SchemeofWork

    byChristopherMartin

  • WilliamCollinssdreamofknowledgeforallbeganwiththepublicationofhisfirstbookin1819.Aselfeducatedmillworker,henotonlyenrichedmillionsoflives,butalsofoundedaflourishingpublishinghouse.Today,standingtruetothisspirit,Collinsbooksarepackedwithinspiration,innovationandpracticalexpertise.Theyplaceyouatthecentreofaworldofpossibilityandgiveyouexactlywhatyouneedtoexploreit.Collins.Freedomtoteach.PublishedbyCollinsEducationAnimprintofHarperCollinsPublishers7785FulhamPalaceRoadHammersmithLondonW68JBBrowsethecompleteCollinsEducationcatalogueatwww.collinseducation.comTextHarperCollinsPublishersLimited2011CollinsReadersTeacherResourcescanbedownloadedandduplicatedasrequiredforinstitutionaluse.However,thismaterialiscopyrightandundernocircumstancesmaycopiesbeofferedforsale.Author:ChristopherMartinDesign:CarolineGreen

  • CONTENTS IntroductionMediumtermplanSchemeofwork:

    Lesson1:Prereading:horsesinwarWorksheet1.1Worksheet1.2Lesson2:Charactercontrasts:AlbertandhisfatherWorksheet2.1Lesson3:Thecomingofwar:August1914Worksheet3.1Lesson4:JoeyinpeaceandwarWorksheet4.1Lesson5:JoeysfirstcavalrybattlesWorksheet5.1Worksheet5.2Lesson6:JoeyasagunteamhorseWorksheet6.1Worksheet6.2Lesson7:CharacterstudyofFriedrichWorksheet7.1Lesson8:ThedeathofTopthornWorksheet8.1Lesson9:ThehorsetruceinnomansLandWorksheet9.1Lesson10:NarrativetwistsWorksheet10.1Lesson11:ProtestspeechabouthorsesinwarWorksheet11.1Worksheet11.2Worksheet11.3Lesson12:JoeyashorsenarratorWorksheet12.1Worksheet12.2Lesson13(optional):ReviewofthestageplayorfeaturefilmWorksheet13.1

  • INTRODUCTION

    CollinsReadersFromwellknownclassicstoawardwinningcontemporaryfiction,CollinsReadersareaseriesofclassreaders,writtenbyleadingchildrensnovelistsandselectedbyteachersbasedontheirteachingpotentialandabilitytoinspireyourstudents.InlinewithourbrandpromiseFreedomtoTeachourteachernotesprovidealively,engagingandcomprehensivesetofresourcestosaveyoutimeandtohelpyouuseCollinsReadersmoreeffectivelyinyourclassroom.Foreachnovelweprovideacompleteschemeofwork,includingcreativelessonplans,worksheetsandPowerPointslides.AlllessonsareproducedinMicrosoftWordsothattheycanbecustomisedaccordingtoyourneeds.

    WarHorseThisisthepowerfulstoryofthemagnificenthorseJoey,whoistakenfromhisDevonfarmhomebythearmyinAugust1914.OntheWesternFrontinFrance,heshareswithsoldiersofbothsidesthestresses,horrorsandsorrowsoflifeintheFirstWorldWarof191418.WrittenbytheawardwinningMichaelMorpurgo,WarHorsehasbeenadaptedasaspectacularstageplaybytheNationalTheatre,withsuccessfulrunsinLondonsWestEndandNewYorksBroadway,andasa2011featurefilmdirectedbyStevenSpielberg.

    TheauthorMichaelMorpurgohaswrittenover90booksandhadhasanunmatchedreputationintheworldofchildrensliterature.Hisworkshavebeenadaptedforthecinema,theatreandtelevision,andhehaswonnumerousprizesandawards.In2003,hewasappointedChildrensLaureate,apostwhichhehadpreviouslydevisedwithhisfriend,TedHughes.In1976,withhiswifeClare,hecreatedFarmsforCityChildren,acharitytoprovideexperienceofcountrylivingforinnercitychildren.ThecharitynowrunsthreefarmsinDevon,GloucestershireandWales.HeandhiswifewereawardedtheMBEin1999forthischarityservice,andhereceivedtheOBEforhiswritingin2006.

    HowMichaelMorpurgocreatedWarHorseWarHorsebeganwithaconversationbetweenMichaelMorpurgoandanoldmaninhislocalpubatIddesleigh,Devon.ThisformersoldierhadworkedwithhorsesontheWesternFrontintheFirstWorldWar.Onlytohishorseshadhebeenabletoconfidehisfearandhorroratwhatwashappeningaroundhim.MichaelMorpurgothencameacrossa1917paintingbyF.W.Reed,showingBritishcavalryattackingawoodonahill.Someofthehorseswerealreadydyinginthebarbedwire.HeaskedtheImperialWarMuseumhowmanyhorseshaddiedinthewar.AmillionormoreintheBritishArmy,theysaidandprobablyeightmilliononallsides.Aftermoreresearch,hebegantheimaginarystoryofjustoneofthesewarhorses,Joey,whowastakenfromIddesleighintothenightmareoftrenchwarfare.

  • ReadMichaelMorpurgosfullaccountofwhatinspiredhimtowritethenovelhere:www.thisislondon.co.uk/showbiz/article23669235morpurgowarhorseisastoryihadtowrite.do

    FurtherreadingJulietGardiner,TheAnimalsWar(ImperialWarMuseum,2004)MichaelSethSmith,TheHorseinWar(NewEnglishLibrary,1979)JillyCooper,AnimalsinWar(Heinemann,1983)J.M.Brereton,TheHorseinWar(DavidandCharles,1976)AnnaSewell,BlackBeauty[1877](OxfordWorldsClassics,1992):aclassicnovelaboutthestrugglesofaVictorianhorseRichardAdams,Traveller(1989):anovelaboutahorseintheAmericanCivilWarWarHorse:thePlay:adaptedbyNickStafford(FaberandFaber2007/OxfordModernPlayscripts,2009).AfreeeducationalguidetothestagingoftheplaycanbedownloadedfromtheNationalTheatrewebsite:www.warhorselondon.nationaltheatre.org.uk/education

    OtherresourcesTherearemanywebsitesconcernedwithWarHorseMichaelMorpurgoHorsesintheFirstWorldWar.Tryenteringthosetermsandexplore.ThegreatillustratedmagazinesTheIllustratedLondonNews,TheGraphicandTheSpherewereattheirheightduringtheFirstWorldWar.Theirbrilliantillustrators,likeRichardCatonWoodvilleorFortuninoMatania,producedamazinglyrealisticwarscenesatatimewhenphotographyandfilmcouldnotcompete,andtelevisiondidnotexist.(OneortwooftheirdoublepagespreadsshowinghorsesinwarappearinthisGuide.)ThereisanAnimalsinWarmemorial,createdin2004bysculptorDavidBackhouseinHydePark,London.Itincludesamajesticbronzehorse.

  • MEDIUMTERMPLANYear:8/9 Duration:46weeks Set:AllTeachingsequenceLesson1:Prereading:horsesinwar.Discussionoftheuseofcavalryinwar,apoemabouthorsesintheBoerWarandafactsheetonHorsesintheFirstWorldWar.Lesson2:Charactercontrasts:Albertandhisfather.Discussionandnotetakingfromtext.Writtenfollowupcontrastwork.Lesson3:Thecomingofwar:August1914.Comparingtexts.Detailedstudyoflanguage.Writtentask:reportonwarcomingtothevillage.Lesson4:Joeyinpeaceandwar.Readinganddiscussionof1914poemaboutahorsecommandeeredbythearmy.Closestudyandnotingofdetailsfromthetext.Writtentask:contrastpoemortwoproseparagraphsaboutthechangesinJoeyslife.Lesson5:Joeysfirstcavalrybattles.Comparisontext:reportageof1914.Closestudyoflanguageinbattledescriptions.Writtentask:reportbyjournalistonsecondcharge.Lesson6:Joeyasagunteamhorse.Studyanddiscussionof1916pictureand1915poemextract.Notesonthehardshipsofartilleryhorses.Writtentask:vetsreportonconditionofhorsesattheFront.Lesson7:CharacterstudyofFriedrich.Closestudyanddiscussionoflanguagedetailsthatcreatethisimportantcharacter:detailednotes.Writtentask:Friedrichsdiaryentries.Lesson8:ThedeathofTopthorn.Studyanddiscussionofthe1916pictureandpoemGoodbye,oldman.ClosestudyoflanguageusedtodescribeTopthorn.Writtentask:elegyforTopthorn.Lesson9:Thehorsetruceinnomansland.Discussionofthe1915pictureandpoemaboutthefamousChristmastruceof1914.DiscussionofthethemesandattitudesintheJoeytruceinthenovel.Writtentask:theWelshmansletterhome.Lesson10:Narrativetwistsattheendofthestory.Briefdiscussionofnarrativetwistsinotherbooks.DiscussionandnotesontwistsinlastchaptersofWarHorse.Writtentask:onedramaticincidentdescribedfromanotherviewpoint.Lesson11:Protestspeechabouthorsesinwar.DiscussionofthehorsesprayerandThomasHardypoemabouthorsesinwar.Detailednotesonharshtreatmentofhorses.Writtentask:protestspeechagainstsuchuseofhorses.

  • Lesson12:Joeyashorsenarrator.Discussionofroleofnarratorinotherbooks.BlackBeautyandthehorsenarrator:closestudy.NotesonJoeyasanarrator.Writtentask:shortreportonthehorseviewpointonwar.Lesson13:Reviewofthestageplayorfeaturefilm.Writtentask:reviewofplayorfilm,comparingittothenovel.

    AssessmentfocusesThemostobviouslyrelevantassessmentfocusesarenotedatthebeginningofeachofthethirteenWarHorselessonstoaidyourplanning.

    SpeakingandListening

    SLAF1Talkingtoothers:Talkinpurposefulandimaginativewaystoexploreideasandfeelings,adaptingandvaryingstructureandvocabularyaccordingtopurpose,listeners,andcontent.

    SLAF2Talkingwithothers:Listenandrespondtoothers,includinginpairsandgroups,shapingmeaningsthroughsuggestions,commentsandquestions.

    Reading

    RAF2Understand,describe,selectorretrieveinformation,eventsorideasfromtextsandusequotationandreferencetotext.

    RAF3Deduce,inferorinterpretinformation,eventsorideasfromtexts. RAF4Identifyandcommentonthestructureandorganisationoftexts,including

    grammaticalandpresentationalfeaturesattextlevel. RAF5Explainandcommentonwritersuseoflanguage. RAF6Identifyandcommentonwriterspurposesandviewpoints. RAF7Relatetextstotheirsocial,culturalandhistorictraditions.

    Writing WAF5Varysentencesforclarity,purposeandeffect. WAF6Writewithtechnicalaccuracyofsyntaxandpunctuationinphrases,clauses

    andsentences. WAF3Organiseandpresentwholetextseffectively,sequencingandstructuring

    information,ideasandevents. WAF4Constructparagraphsandusecohesionwithinandbetweenparagraphs. WAF1Writeimaginative,interestingandthoughtfultexts. WAF2Producetextswhichareappropriatetotask,readerandpurpose. WAF7Selectappropriateandeffectivevocabulary. WAF8Usecorrectspelling.

  • LESSON1:PREREADING:HORSESINWAR

    ASSESSMENTFOCUSES:ReadingAF2,AF3,AF6,AF7StarterStudentsshouldlookatPPT1.1,adrawingofacavalrychargebytheBritish9thLancersinSeptember1914.ItwasdonefortheIllustratedLondonNewsChristmasnumber.ExplaintotheclassthatthiswaswhatpeoplewantedwaragainsttheGermanstolooklike.Studentpairsshoulddiscussbrieflywhatadjectivestheywouldusetodescribethechargeandhowthepicturemakesthemfeel.Doesitseemglorious,dramatic,colourfulorexciting?Why?Isthereadarksidetothepicture?Discusswhatiscruel,horrifyingoruglyaboutusinghorsesinthisway.Remindtheclassthatmanyhorsesandmenendedupseverelywoundedordead.

    IntroductionSharewiththeclasssomeinformationabouthowhorseswereusedinwar.Itseemsstrangetouseventothinkofusinghorsesinwar.Nowadaysweusemachines:tanks,armouredpersonnelcarriers,lorries,jeepsandHumvees,orintheverylatestwarspickuptruckswithamountedmachinegun.Butforcenturies,menhaveusedhorsesinwar,ascavalrytheshockweapontosmashtheenemysdefensivelineorastransport,topullsupplycartsorambulancewagons.Untiltheendofthenineteenthcentury,de