Visitors Guide. Motril History Museum

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Guía de Mano del Museo de Historia de Motril traducido al Inglés por María Teresa Moya Madrona

Transcript of Visitors Guide. Motril History Museum

Welcome to Motril History Museum, a walk through this gallery will let you discover Motrils rich past and think over the future to come.

Former aspect of Garcs Family house, headquarters of Motril History Museum.

The importance of the building is related to its long history and important location. It was built at the end of the 17th century and it was part of the defensive system of the city. The house was a property of Garces family since the post-war years and it was purchased by the City Hall of Motril in order to be renovated and be adapted for the exhibition of Motrils local history.Diseo: TECFORMA Traduccin: M Teresa Moya Madrona


Lets start on the


Lets start the visit at the ground floor. Some historical characters of Motril history will welcome us in the house courtyard. The characters are: Queen Ceti Fatima La Horra, mother of King Boabdil, last Nasrid king of the Arab kingdom of Granada, she had different properties around Motril; Luis Antonio Belluga y Moncada, he was born in Motril and named cardinal by Pope Clement X in Rome; and Francisco Jose de Burgos, also born in Motril, who held important public office in Spain. The entrance to the temporal exhibition room is also in the courtyard. When you finish the visit, please come back to the courtyard and visit the room called Time and Territory (Tiempo y Territorio). This room will allow you to travel through different periods and places of Motril history. BEFORE GOING UP THE STAIRS On the first and second floors the history of Motril will be displayed according to ten periods or thematic axis. These periods do not refer to centuries, every axis coincides with important moments in the history of Motril. At the entrance to every floor there will be an orientation panel which will display the itinerary through the rooms and the most important aspects dealt with by each room. At the beginning of each new axis there will be a red panel containing a summary of the main events that occurred during a period, which will then be explained further with different written materials, pieces and audiovisuals. Also, inside the red panel will be a time scale where the main local events will be displayed in relation to global history. This will allow us to locate the historical events in a general context as well as being a perfect educational tool.

Left (from top to bottom): 1) Francisco Javier de Burgos welcomes the visitor (main courtyard). 2) Start of the interactive module Time and Territory (main courtyard). 3) First floor guide map 4) General appearance of the introduction panels.



FIRST FLOORThe first five historical axis of this floor cover the period from prehistory to the first peak and decadence cycle of the sugar industry.

Right (From top to bottom): 1) Prehistory: replica of the pots found in Las Campanas cave. 2) Large showcase with different types of anphoras. 3) Misshapen anphora product of an inadequate oven firing. 4) Caliphate period cooking pot found in Maraute site.

AXIS 1El poblamiento antiguo. De la prehistoria a la romanizacin

The old settlement

From Prehistory to Romanization


The three panels situated over the showcases talk about the prehistory, the Phoenician and Roman civilization and the commerce among the Mediterranean, especially during the Roman period. Prehistory (La prehistoria en la costa granadina). There is no evidence of prehistoric communities in the area but there have been important Neolithic findings in caves and sinks. It is important to point out that during this period the landscape was really different because the Guadalfeo river delta was a large bay. Therefore, the habitats were located more towards the inside, near the hills. A map of the coast displays all the prehistoric sites found in the region. During the Phoenician and Roman periods (Colonizacin fenicia y romana) the cities of

Salobrea and Almuecar were the two main settlements. The Phoenicians visited different beaches in the coast in order to trade but Salobrea was the main population centre. A map of the region shows the Roman and Phoenician sites. Maritime trade and anphoras (Las nforas, testimonio del comercio Mediterrneo). The maritime trade of this period was based in an effective system of ports (Sexi and Sel) and anchorages. Many ships crashed or sank in the area that is why many of the remains come from the sea. Motril played an important role in producing anphoras during this period, basically these anphoras were used to keep salted food produced in Sexi (Almuecar). Eight pottery ovens


have been found in the area. This is why many anphoras, or peaces of anphoras, are displayed in the showcases.SHOWCASES

Also on display are original pieces of pottery and replicas that were found in the Las Campanas Cave (between Calahona and Castell de Ferro). All the pieces belonging to the Phoenician and Roman periods are original. The most interesting pieces are the practically-intact anphoras found in the Alboran Sea and Torrenueva. The most unique pieces are the deformed pottery displayed in the cases. Some defects occurred during the firing process, the anphoras that came out wrong out of the oven were thrown away.AUDIOVISUAL

The audiovisual shows how the pottery was made, especially the hand-made pottery produced during the Neolithic period. The small pots that are shown in the audiovisual are like the ones displayed in the first showcase, these were made by a workshop that specializes in archaeological replicas. Next to the rail that overlooks the courtyard we find a lot dedicated to the archaeological remains found in an area called Maraute, in Torrenueva. This area was inhabited during two periods, under the Roman power it was called Paterna. Later, after few centuries of neglect, under the power of the Caliphate of Cordoba, it was called Batarna. In the showcase, one of the best pieces is a reconstructed cooking pot and the pieces of another that were found in an excavation in the Arab Batarna. In the lower part of the showcase are displayed the pieces belonging to the Roman period. Among them we can observe a tegula with a cat footprint.



AXIS 2De Batarna a Mutrayil. Motril en la poca nazar

From Batarna to MutrayilMotril during the Nasrid era

Follow the water that flows through the acequia, it will lead you to the beginning of the Nasrid era in Motril, the irrigation ditch was build during this period of agricultural spreading.PANELS

Motril was first inhabited in the 13th century, at the north of the irrigation ditch.

Una economa diversa en la alquera nazar. The economy of the alqueria, a small rural village, was based on agriculture. Different crops were grown as well as plants with a high commercial value such as the sugar cane or the mulberry tree, used in the silk industry. The community was kept united thanks to the shared use of the ditch, which was always done by strict order, and the works of maintenance of the ditch.The Nasrid crown established a pact with the Genoese merchants that created a trade route that made possible the transportation of sugar, fruit and other products from the coast of Granada.

Replica of the oldest known document in which appears the Word Motril (Mutrayil).


Keen Aixa had different properties in the alqueria that she visited especially during summer. She usually stayed at el Castillejo, a defensive structure situated where the sanctuary of Virgen de la Cabeza is located today.SHOWCASES

The module where the audiovisual is projected contains two interesting documents: the first one, in the right, is an exact replica of the oldest known document containing the name of Motril (Mutrayil). It is a notarized document certifying the inheritance of a machinery used in the sugar production called aduana. The documents in the right are letters sent by Genoese merchants talking about the sugar of the coast of Granada. In the showcase, next to the seat, a collection of Arab pottery belonging to the Nasrid and Caliphate periods are exhibited. Also, there is an explanation about the most common techniques of pottery decoration.

Replica of the Italian documents that deal with the commerce in the coast of Granada during the 14th century.


It is focused on the urban evolution of the alquera of Mutrayil from its beginning to the end of 15th century. The virtual animation shows how the streets were organized and how the neighbourhoods grew. The location of the towers, baths and mosques correspond with the historical documents that have passed down to our days.

Showcase with fragments of Caliphate and Nasrid Muslim pottery.



AXIS 3La difcil convivencia. De las Capitulaciones de la Costa a la expulsin de los moriscos

Dificult coexistenceCoast Capitulations and expulsion


In this room we are entering the time when the conquest Arab community and the Christian new settlers had to coexist. Since 1489 until the final expulsion of the Moriscos (Muslim converts to Christianity) in 1570 Motril experienced a period of transformation in society, urbanism and economics.AUDIOVISUAL

The audiovisual, located on the first module after the orientation panel, presents this period of coexistence. The protagonist is a Moorish girl who has been expelled from Motril to Castile. She recalls her life in Motril and tells us, from the point of view of those who lost, how the life of the Moorish was during those 70 years.PANELS

Una nueva jerarqua urbana: el solar de la villa y los arrabales. Once the new government was established and the Council was in charge of the city, the transformation of the alqueria began. A new urban hierarchy was created: the house