VIDYABHARTI TRUST COLLEGE OF BBA & BCA. UMRAKH Developed By: Ronak K. Panchal(IC...

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Transcript of VIDYABHARTI TRUST COLLEGE OF BBA & BCA. UMRAKH Developed By: Ronak K. Panchal(IC...

  • VIDYABHARTI TRUST COLLEGE OF BBA & BCA. UMRAKH

    SUBJECT: PC SOFTWARE-I

    CLASS: BCA SEM: I

    Developed By: Ronak K. Panchal(IC Principal,BCA,VTCBB) Page 1 of 12

    Desktop

    The Screen that you can see when starting the window is known as desktop. Desktop

    provides an interface between you and the application. Desktop refers to the main

    background area (in our example the white area), changing the color, or even adding a

    background picture can customize your desktop.

    Desktop consists of

    1. One or more Icons 2. Taskbar

    1. Icons An Icon is a small graphical picture that represents

    1. File 2. Folders 3. Application Program

    An icon is a graphical image. Icon help you execute commands quickly command tell the

    computer what you want the computer to do.

    To activate an icon you double clicks (two clicks in quick succession) on it with the left

    mouse button, this will activate the icon and either Start a program or open a file/folder.

    The icon on your desktop can be renamed by right clicking on them and selecting

    rename, similarly they can be deleted by right clicking and selecting delete.

    You can easily create your own icons for your favorite programs folders, etc. Below is a

    quick guide to the icons we have in our example:

    My Computer:

    This is a standard icon and is very useful, it gives you access to your computer’s disk

    drives as well as your printer setting and the control panel.

  • VIDYABHARTI TRUST COLLEGE OF BBA & BCA. UMRAKH

    SUBJECT: PC SOFTWARE-I

    CLASS: BCA SEM: I

    Developed By: Ronak K. Panchal(IC Principal,BCA,VTCBB) Page 2 of 12

    My Documents:

    The My Documents icon links to a standard folder, which uses to store, your documents.

    Internet Explorer:

    This icon is a shortcut to Microsoft’s Internet Explorer program; Internet Explorer is used

    to view web pages on the Internet.

    Network Neighborhood:

    The Network Neighborhood icon points to folder that contains links to any other

    computers those are in your workgroup (if you have one), or on your network (again, if

    you have one).

    Recycle Bin:

    When you delete a file, windows will place the file into the recycle bin instead of deleting

    it altogether.

    2. Task Bar: The long horizontal bar at bottom of the screen is called Taskbar. The Taskbar consists

    of:

    1. Start button 2. currently open application button 3. Date & Time 4. Buttons to start application

    Taskbar properties:

    1. Always on top: ensures that taskbar is always visible even if any window on the desktop is maximized.

    2. Auto hide: keeps the taskbar hidden. If you want to use taskbar, move the mouse pointer to the taskbar locations, it will appear automatically.

    3. Show small icon in start menu: it is useful. If there are too many items in the start menu.

    4. Show clock: display the clock on right side of taskbar. To apply any properties select the checkbox and click on ok.

    How to arrange icons on your desktop

    Right click the mouse at any blank

    area on the screen and windows

    display a menu that contains

    “Arrange Icon” besides other

    command. After clicking on it, it

    display submenu like given figure.

  • VIDYABHARTI TRUST COLLEGE OF BBA & BCA. UMRAKH

    SUBJECT: PC SOFTWARE-I

    CLASS: BCA SEM: I

    Developed By: Ronak K. Panchal(IC Principal,BCA,VTCBB) Page 3 of 12

    By Name Arrange icon by name on the icon.

    By Type Arrange icon in order of type. For example: If you have shortcuts to

    several power point presentations on your desktop, these will be

    arranged next to each other.

    By Size Arrange icon in order of the size.

    By Modified Arrange icon that short was last modified

    Auto Arrange If the Auto arrange icon is checked and you move an icon. Windows

    automatically rearrange the spacing between icons to maintain gap

    between them.

    How to create new folder on desktop?

    In windows, a folder is like the MS-DOS subdirectory. You can store documents and

    application in a folder. A folder can also contain another folder.

     Right click mouse at any empty area on desktop to display desktop menu

     Move the mouse pointer on the new command then click on it

     Window display a submenu that display various item like figure

     Click the mouse on folder in the submenu and windows create a new folder on the desktop and names it “new folder” rename the folder and Enter to open the

    folder and short cut for renaming F2

    How do you create Shortcut?

    A shortcut is a quick way to start a program or open a file or folder without having to go

    to its permanent location in Windows Explorer. Shortcuts are especially useful for

    programs, files and folders you use frequently. There are three ways you can create a

    shortcut:

    To create a shortcut in folder

    1. In My Computer or Windows Explorer, click the folder in which you want to create the shortcut.

    2. On the File menu, point to New, and then click Shortcut. 3. Follow the instruction on the screen.

  • VIDYABHARTI TRUST COLLEGE OF BBA & BCA. UMRAKH

    SUBJECT: PC SOFTWARE-I

    CLASS: BCA SEM: I

    Developed By: Ronak K. Panchal(IC Principal,BCA,VTCBB) Page 4 of 12

    Notes

     To change any settings for the shortcut, such as what kind of window it starts in, right the shortcut, and then click Properties

     To delete a shortcut, drag it to the Recycle Bin. The original item still exists on the disk

    To add a new submenu to the program menu

    1. Right click Start, and then click Open 2. Click the Programs folder to select it 3. Select File menu and click on new then select shortcut option 4. It display shortcut wizard

    5. Type in the location and name of item to which you want to create a shortcut

    alternatively browser to find the item

    6. Click on Next dialog boxes appear

  • VIDYABHARTI TRUST COLLEGE OF BBA & BCA. UMRAKH

    SUBJECT: PC SOFTWARE-I

    CLASS: BCA SEM: I

    Developed By: Ronak K. Panchal(IC Principal,BCA,VTCBB) Page 5 of 12

    7. Accept the default name or type new name for shortcut 8. Click on Finish Button then Shortcut is created

    Additional, if we want to create a shortcut on desktop than first right click on any empty

    area. It display menu, click new then select shortcut option. It display shortcut wizard

    than with the help of it shortcut will be created.

     To Rename the shortcut right click on shortcut than click on rename, type the new name

     To Delete the shortcut then click on Delete option, it will be deleted

    Windows Explorer

     Windows Explorer is an application that is part of modern version of the Microsoft Windows operating system that provides a graphical user interface for

    accessing the systems. Windows explorer displays the hierarchical structure of

    files, folder and drives on your computer.

     Windows Explorer is basically the same environment as My Computer except it has a folder list shown by default (which can be turned on anyway in the My

    Computer environment, making them exactly the same) so all of the tasks in this

    section can be achieved using either windows Explorer or the My Computer

    environment.

    To Open Windows Explorer

    There are a few ways to open Windows Explorer, here are four different methods:

    Method 1

    Click on the START button, however your mouse over the All Programs or programs in

    classic view) and then hover over Accessories, finally click on Windows Explorer.

    Method 2

    Hold down the START button and press the E key

    Method 3

    Open My Computer and click on the Folders button at the top of the My Computer

    environment.

    Method 4

    Click START button, click on run

    command and type explorer into the box

    and press enter.

    Whichever method you choose to use it has

    the same results

    Navigating through your drives and

    folders

    When you have opened Windows Explorer

    (or opened my computer and then clicked

    the folders button) you will see something

    similar to that shown in figure below:

  • VIDYABHARTI TRUST COLLEGE OF BBA & BCA. UMRAKH

    SUBJECT: PC SOFTWARE-I

    CLASS: BCA SEM: I

    Developed By: Ronak K. Panchal(IC Principal,BCA,VTCBB)