Video Production Chapter 1. Three Types of Production »Studio »Field Production...

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Transcript of Video Production Chapter 1. Three Types of Production »Studio »Field Production...

  • Slide 1
  • Video Production Chapter 1
  • Slide 2
  • Three Types of Production Studio Field Production Remote Production Studio Field Production Remote Production
  • Slide 3
  • Differences of the Production Types Studio Controlled Environment Air Conditioned TV Lights Noise Controlled In a Television Oriented Space Protected Studio Controlled Environment Air Conditioned TV Lights Noise Controlled In a Television Oriented Space Protected Field and Remote Uncontrollable Environment Weather Elements Daylight Traffic Noise Not TV Friendly Unprotected
  • Slide 4
  • Studio Production Types of Productions News Game shows Talk shows Morning shows Situation comedies Soap operas More than 75% of things you watch CSI Desperate Housewives Bing Bang Theory The Bachelor Types of Productions News Game shows Talk shows Morning shows Situation comedies Soap operas More than 75% of things you watch CSI Desperate Housewives Bing Bang Theory The Bachelor
  • Slide 5
  • Physical Studio Elements Large Room Concrete Floor 12 to 14 foot Ceilings Located on Ground Floor Large Doors Sound Proofing Walls and Material Large Room Concrete Floor 12 to 14 foot Ceilings Located on Ground Floor Large Doors Sound Proofing Walls and Material
  • Slide 6
  • Technical Studio Elements Lots of Power - Electric Monitors Headsets Intercom System Talkback System or Studio Address IFB (interruptible feedback) Earpieces Lots of Power - Electric Monitors Headsets Intercom System Talkback System or Studio Address IFB (interruptible feedback) Earpieces
  • Slide 7
  • The Control Room The Operation Center for the Director Usually a window between studio and Control Room Technical Equipment
  • Slide 8
  • Equipment in Control Room Camera Monitors Switcher Audio Console Graphics Generator Server or Recorder Dimmer Board Prompter Camera Monitors Switcher Audio Console Graphics Generator Server or Recorder Dimmer Board Prompter
  • Slide 9
  • Studio Layout
  • Slide 10
  • Field Production Usually involves a camcorder The real world is the set. Natural Lighting by the sun. Usually involves a camcorder The real world is the set. Natural Lighting by the sun.
  • Slide 11
  • Remote Production Combination of Studio and Field Production May require more cameras than studio production Large Venue Audio difficult Usually uses a TV Truck Combination of Studio and Field Production May require more cameras than studio production Large Venue Audio difficult Usually uses a TV Truck
  • Slide 12
  • The Production Path Transducing - Converting what we hear or see into electrical energy, or vice versa. Channeling - Moving video and sound from one place to another Selecting/Altering - Selecting a signal and altering a signal. Monitoring - allows you to hear and see material you are working with at various stages. Recording and Playback Transducing - Converting what we hear or see into electrical energy, or vice versa. Channeling - Moving video and sound from one place to another Selecting/Altering - Selecting a signal and altering a signal. Monitoring - allows you to hear and see material you are working with at various stages. Recording and Playback
  • Slide 13
  • Transducing Speaking into a Microphone Turns sound into electrical waveforms Diaphragm in the microphone Speaker does opposite Light into a Camera Turns light waves into electrical waveforms Camera Sensor Monitor does opposite Speaking into a Microphone Turns sound into electrical waveforms Diaphragm in the microphone Speaker does opposite Light into a Camera Turns light waves into electrical waveforms Camera Sensor Monitor does opposite
  • Slide 14
  • Channeling Cables Transfer the electrical energy Connector Common way for the electrical energy to enter and exit equipment Cables Transfer the electrical energy Connector Common way for the electrical energy to enter and exit equipment
  • Slide 15
  • Selecting and Altering Signals that are transduced by microphones or cameras and channeled with wires and connectors usually go to an audio console or video switcher where they can be selected and altering can take place.
  • Slide 16
  • Monitoring Preview Monitors - Set up Shots before it goes to broadcast Program Monitor - Displays what is currently being broadcast. VU Meter - How loud audio is. Waveform Monitor - How bright different parts of the camera image are Preview Monitors - Set up Shots before it goes to broadcast Program Monitor - Displays what is currently being broadcast. VU Meter - How loud audio is. Waveform Monitor - How bright different parts of the camera image are
  • Slide 17
  • Two Forms of Signal Analog Digital Analog Digital
  • Slide 18
  • Analog NTSC Aka. Standard Definition (SD) Aspect Ratio - The relationship of the height of the screen to its width. 720 x 480 Square like 525 lines of resolution Can Travel over Airwaves Need an antennae NTSC Aka. Standard Definition (SD) Aspect Ratio - The relationship of the height of the screen to its width. 720 x 480 Square like 525 lines of resolution Can Travel over Airwaves Need an antennae
  • Slide 19
  • Digital High Definition (HD) Sharper Image Aspect Ratio(s) 1280 x 720 (HD 720) 1920 x 1080 (HD 1080) Need a Channel to Distribute the Signal Wire High Definition (HD) Sharper Image Aspect Ratio(s) 1280 x 720 (HD 720) 1920 x 1080 (HD 1080) Need a Channel to Distribute the Signal Wire
  • Slide 20
  • Early Television After WWII it quickly grew in popularity and replaced radio as the main information and entertainment medium. ABC, CBS, NBC - dominated early TV. During the 1950s live drama, variety and quiz game shows were popular. In the 1980s an 1990s Cable and Satelite stole viewers from the traditional TV Networks. After WWII it quickly grew in popularity and replaced radio as the main information and entertainment medium. ABC, CBS, NBC - dominated early TV. During the 1950s live drama, variety and quiz game shows were popular. In the 1980s an 1990s Cable and Satelite stole viewers from the traditional TV Networks.
  • Slide 21
  • Recent TV History The current audience is fragmenting into smaller segments. The broadcast TV industry consists of program suppliers, distributors and local stations. Big conglomerates own the major TV networks. Public broadcasting relies less on tax revenues and more on private sources of funding. The Neilson company compiles both network and local station television ratings. The current audience is fragmenting into smaller segments. The broadcast TV industry consists of program suppliers, distributors and local stations. Big conglomerates own the major TV networks. Public broadcasting relies less on tax revenues and more on private sources of funding. The Neilson company compiles both network and local station television ratings.