Vehicle Monitoring System

download Vehicle Monitoring System

of 67

  • date post

    18-Nov-2014
  • Category

    Documents

  • view

    112
  • download

    0

Embed Size (px)

description

A complete report on VEHICLE MONITORING SYSTEM which is an Embedded system.

Transcript of Vehicle Monitoring System

VEHICLE MONITORING SYSTEM

INDEXCONTENTSCertificate Acknowledgement Preface List of Figures List of symbols and Abbreviations Abstract Chapter-1 Introduction Chapter-2 Literature Survey 2.1 Smart Card 2.2 Radio Frequency Identification 2.3 Pollution Sensor 2.4 Wireless communication using GSM 2.5 Microcontroller Chapter-3 Block Diagram and Methodology Block Diagram 3.1 Vehicle unit 3.2 Server unit 3.3 Traffic Signal unit Chapter-4 Hardware Design 4.1 Power supply 4.2 Oscillator CircuitE&TC Department R.S.C.O.E, PUNE i 3 4 4 5 6 8 9 16 21 23 24 28 29 30 35 36 37 38 39 1|Page

PAGE No.

VEHICLE MONITORING SYSTEM 4.3 Reset Circuit 4.4 LCD interfacing to microcontroller 4.5 Relay Interfacing Circuitry 4.6 Memory Interfacing 4.7 MAX-232 interfacing microcontroller 4.8 Pollution sensor microcontroller Chapter-5 Software Design 5.1 WinAVRGCC 5.2 AVR studio 5.3 PonyProg 5.4 Visual Basic 5.5 ExpressPCB Chapter-6 Flowchart Chapter-7 Testing and troubleshooting Chapter-8 Conclusion and Future scope Annexure Annexure-I Annexure-II Annexure-III Annexure-IV Circuit Diagram PCB Art Work and layout Component list and Total cost Datasheets62 63 67 69 40 41 42

and

Driver

43

to

45

interfacing

to

46

47 48 49 49 49 52 53 57 59

E&TC Department R.S.C.O.E, PUNE

2|Page

VEHICLE MONITORING SYSTEM

PREFACENowadays vehicle monitoring and traffic control have become very tedious and inefficient job due to many loop holes present in the existing system. Due to Human interaction at each and every phase reduces the efficiency of the system. Also because of greediness of human nature there is a lot of corruption. Absence of central controlling server to maintain REAL TIME DATABASE which can be really useful to monitor each and every vehicle and driver. As number of vehicles have increased drastically it is practically impossible to check every vehicle for pollution control. Moreover, due to insufficient man power it is impossible to monitor Traffic violation viz. Signal breaking, driving without Valid License etc. Hence, the above discussion has inspired the development of VEHICLE MONITORING SYSTEM. CHAPTER 1: INTRODUTION This chapter clearly distinguishes the current existing system and proposed system to monitor the vehicle and also gives brief description about the inspired system. CHAPTER 2: LITERATURE SURVEY This chapter is based on the extensive survey which was carried out before proceeding to design the system. It covers all the different types of smart cards, RFID reader, RFID tags, Pollution sensor available in the market and there brief description CHAPTER 3: BLOCK DIAGRAM AND METHODOLY After the survey Block diagram for the system was prepared and methodology to be used was finalized. This chapter covers the same with detailed description and cause of the block used in the system CHAPTER 4: HARDWARE DESIGN This chapter covers the detailed description and design of the circuit diagram of the system. It also covers selection criteria and interfacing of the components to microcontroller CHAPTER 5: SOFTWARE DESIGN This chapter gives the idea about different software utilized to program the microcontroller and to prepare GUI for the user. CHAPTER 6: FLOWCHART Flowchart is the graphical representation of the flow of program. Hence, this chapter describes the same. CHAPTER-7: TESTING AND TROUBLESHOOTING This chapter gives the detailed description of various faults which occurred during the design of the system and provides with necessary troubleshooting method

E&TC Department R.S.C.O.E, PUNE

3|Page

VEHICLE MONITORING SYSTEM

LIst oF FIguREsFigure. 1 Figure. 2 Figure. 3 Figure. 4 Figure. 5 Figure. 6 Figure. 7 Figure. 8 Figure. 9 Figure. 10 Figure. 11 Figure. 12 Figure. 13 Figure. 14 Figure. 15 Classification of chip cards RFID reader setup Block Diagram Smart Card Smart Card Connector RFID Tag MQ-7 Pollution sensor LCD Oscillator Circuit Reset Circuit Interfacing Diagram of LCD Relay Driver Circuitry Interfacing diagram of memory Interfacing diagram of MAX-232 Activation of pollution sensor Page No. 12 Page No. 16 Page No. 30 Page No. 31 Page No. 32 Page No. 34 Page No. 34 Page No. 35 Page No. 39 Page No. 40 Page No. 41 Page No. 43 Page No. 44 Page No. 45 Page No. 46

LIst oF AbbREvIAtIoNs AND symboL1. RFID 2. ISP 3. GCC 4. GSM 5. AT commands 6. GUI 7. LCD Radio Identification Device In system Programming GNU cross compiler Global System for Mobile Communication Attention Commands Graphical User Interface Liquid Crystal Display

E&TC Department R.S.C.O.E, PUNE

4|Page

VEHICLE MONITORING SYSTEM

AbstRACtDriving license from the competent authority is mandatory for driving any automated vehicle which confirms the suitability of the vehicle with respect to pollution, condition of the vehicle, its registration, and last but not least the capability of driver to drive the vehicle. It is necessary to check the license from the competent authority from time to time so as to avoid driving of unauthorized vehicles by the unauthorized persons who may lead to road accidents and increase in the pollution level. However, due to tremendous increase in the number of vehicles it has become impossible to check the validity of license and the vehicles. In view of the above problems, it is felt necessary to design Sophisticated Multiple Aid Remote Tool (SMART) electronic device which will prevent the vehicle from starting without valid license issued by the competent authority. The device will also display the present status of the pollution level of the vehicle and the same will be intimated to competent authority in case of non-confirmatory. The device consists of two subsystems, one placed in the vehicle and other placed in the traffic control room. The system placed in the vehicle consists of smart card reader, display, RFID reader while the system in the traffic control room consist GSM modem and PC. When the driver wants to drive the vehicle, then he/she has to insert the smart card into the smart card reader. The inserted smart card will be online authenticated from the traffic control room using wireless communication (GSM). The vehicle will start, if license is valid. Vehicle will also contain the pollution sensors to indicate the current pollution level of exhaust. When the smart card is inserted, the traffic control room will come to know about relevant information about the vehicle using wireless communication like insurance, road tax payment details, fine collection details etc. If the data is non-confirmatory it will send the relevant intimation to the vehicle driver which will help the driver to take necessary actions

E&TC Department R.S.C.O.E, PUNE

5|Page

VEHICLE MONITORING SYSTEM

CHAPtER1 INtRoDuCtIoN

E&TC Department R.S.C.O.E, PUNE

6|Page

VEHICLE MONITORING SYSTEM Nowadays vehicle monitoring and traffic control have become very tedious and inefficient job due to many loop holes, present in the existing system. Loop Holes In the existing system Human interaction at each and every phase reduces the efficiency of the system. Due to greediness of human nature there is a lot of corruption Absence of central controlling server to maintain REAL TIME DATABASE. Due to pollution it is practically impossible to check every vehicle for pollution control. Due to insufficient man power it is impossible to monitor Traffic violation viz. Signal breaking, driving without Valid License etc.

Ways in which the proposed system will counter the above drawbacks Human interaction is minimal thus, increase in the efficiency. Corruption free fine receipt system thus increasing the revenue A server with real time database which could be updated timely. Presence of Pollution sensor to note the pollution in every vehicle Traffic violation like signal breaking, driving without valid license is overcome by the electronic system developed.

Hence, the above discussion has inspired the development of VEHICLE MONITORING SYSTEM. The device consists of two subsystems, one placed in the vehicle and other placed in the traffic control room. The system placed in the vehicle consists of smart card reader, display, RFID reader while the system in the traffic control room consist GSM modem and PC. When the driver wants to drive the vehicle, then he/she has to insert the smart card into the smart card reader. The inserted smart card will be online authenticated from the traffic control room using wireless communication (GSM). The vehicle will start if license is valid. Vehicle will also contain the pollution sensors to indicate the current pollution level of exhaust. When the smart card is inserted the traffic control room will come to know about relevant information about the vehicle using wireless communication like insurance, road tax payment details, fine collection details etc. If the data is non-confirmatory it will send the relevant intimation to the vehicle driver which will help the driver to take necessary actions. Also for monitoring as well as issuing fine receipt for signal breaking there is a RFID reader. This RFID reader comes into act when signal goes red. Each vehicle is having a passive RFID tag with unique number, whenever there is a traffic violation RFID reader will sense the tag and send the tag number to the RTO server via a intra network. RTO server will issue the Fine receipt to the vehicle.

E&TC Department R.S.C.O.E, PUNE

7|Page

VEHICLE MONITORING SYSTEM

CHAPtER 2 LItERARtuRE suRvEy

E&TC Department R.S.C.O.E, PUNE

8|Page

VEHICLE MONITORING SYSTEM

To implement the system following components are required 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Smart card (Memory Card) Smart card Connector Radio frequency identifica