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  • 8/7/2019 Vedanta Presentation


    Decline On Ethical Grounds

    The Case Of

    Chisso Corporation & Vedanta

  • 8/7/2019 Vedanta Presentation


    CHISSO Corporation

    Minamata is a small factory town dominated by the Chisso


    The town faces the Shiranui Sea, and Minamata Bay is part ofthis sea.

    In Japanese, "Chisso" means nitrogen.

    The Chisso Corporation was once a fertilizer and carbicle

    company, and gradually advanced to a petrochemical and

    plastic-maker company.

  • 8/7/2019 Vedanta Presentation


    The Issue

    From 1932 to 1968, Chisso Corporation, dumped an estimated

    27 tons of mercury compounds into Minamata Bay.

    Kumamoto is a small town about 570 miles southwest ofTokyo.

    The town consists of mostly farmers and fisherman.

    When Chisso Corporation dumped this massive amount of

    mercury into the bay, thousands of people whose normal diet

    included fish from the bay, unexpectedly developed

    symptoms of methyl mercury poisoning.

  • 8/7/2019 Vedanta Presentation


    The illness became known as the "Minamata Disease". The mercurypoisoning resulted from years of environmental destruction andneglect from Chisso Corporation.

    By 1925, the Chisso Corporation was dumping waste into MinamataBay and destroying the fishing areas.

    The theory behind the industry was to pay off the Minamatafisherman in exchange for damaging their fishing environment

    The company believed that it was much cheaper to pay off the fewpeople who were opposed to the dumping, rather than implementan environmentally safe technique of waste removal.

    Therefore, since the villagers accepted this practice throughcompensation of money, and the government was behind theindustry, the entire process appeared ethical.

  • 8/7/2019 Vedanta Presentation


    In 1932, Chisso corporation started developing

    plastics, drugs and perfumes through the use of


    The monopoly in the chemical domain enabled the

    company to expand.

    In 1950-1956, there were reports of an unclarified

    disease of CNS which had broken out.

    Series of investigation linked the reports to the

    mercury poisining of the fish found in minamata bay.

  • 8/7/2019 Vedanta Presentation


  • 8/7/2019 Vedanta Presentation


    In 1958, Chisso corporation transferred their dumping

    from Minamata bay to Minamata river, hoping to

    diminish accusations.

    Soon the people in that area developed that disease.

    The company then made deals with the victims ofminamata disease .

    People who were legally ignorant signed the contractwhich stated, Chisso corporation would pay them for

    their misfortunes but would not accept anyresponsibility.

  • 8/7/2019 Vedanta Presentation


    Although the factory remained shut for a span of

    time, in 1968 Chisso Corporation implemented

    environmentally safe technology in their production


    The people in Minamata bay have suffered gross

    deformities, brain damage and death.

    It is a case of violation of human rights & violation

    of environmental laws

  • 8/7/2019 Vedanta Presentation


    About Vedanta

    Indias largest non-ferrous metal and mining

    Based in London

    Listed in the London Stock Exchange

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    Signed MOU with the State Government of Orissa

    Mining is to conducted on the top of the Niyamgiri hills in Kalahandiand Rayagada districts in Orissa

    Proposes to extract 3 million tpa of bauxite having projectedlifespan of 23 years

    To meet the power demands of the refinery project, a 75 MW

    captive coal-based power plant was also proposed.

    In 2004, three writ petitions were filed at the Cuttack High Court inOrissa

  • 8/7/2019 Vedanta Presentation


    ProposedMining Lease

    Niyamgiri hills, is surrounded by dense forests and isthe habitat for diverse species of plant and animal life.

    Some 20 species of orchids are found in and around

    the region

    Rich with variety of plants which are used for ailments

    critical role of linking forests of Kandhamal district to

    forests of Rayagada, Kalahandi and Koraput districts

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    The tiny community of the Dongaria Kondh,

    who live in the upland areas of the Niyamgiri

    hills, depend on the hills intensely.

  • 8/7/2019 Vedanta Presentation


    Impact ofMining

    Mining would threaten the lives of the

    Dongaria Kondh.


    ir pollution Water pollution

    Environmental Disaster

    Deforestation Protection to wild life

    Rare Wild life

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    Environment Report

    Destroy sacred sites of Kondh

    Endanger the self-sufficient forest based


    Construction of roads result in easy accessible

    to poachers of wildlife and timber smugglers

    threatening the rich biodiversity of the hills

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    Environmental Laws

    Violation ofForest Conservation Act

    Violation of Environment Protection Act

    Violation of conditions of Clearance under EPA

    granted to Refinery

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    Considering the cases of Chisso corporationand Vedanta it is concluded that:

    Good Business ethics is the backbone of everyforward thinking business.

    It is very essential for the company to exhibitsocial & ethical considerations within the

    society in which it is operating.

  • 8/7/2019 Vedanta Presentation




    Presented By:

    Anand Gowda-16

    Vikram Jadhav-18

    Thara. Nair-38