Vastu shastras

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  • 8/2/2019 Vastu shastras


    Canonical Vastu shastras include:

    Manasara Silpa Shastra (byManasara), Mayamatam (byMaya), Visvakarma Vastushastra (byVisvakarma),

    Samarangana Sutradara (by RajaBhoja), Aparajita Priccha (a dialogue betweenViswakarmaand his sonAparajita, written by


    SilparatnaOther treatises such as Agni Purana and works by Kautilya and Sukracharya are not popular

    even though they preceded the previously mentioned documents. Distinction of style exists due

    to each document's place of origin. Mayamata and Mansara Silpa Shastra are considered

    Dravidianbecause they are fromsouth Indiawhereas Visvakarama Vastu Shastra is considered

    Indo-Aryandue to itsnorth Indianorigin.

    Fundamental concepts

    There are many principles in Vaastu Shastra. To mention a few which involve certain

    mathematical calculations, Maana is used for proportional relationships in a building and

    Aayaadi specifies conditions for maximum wellbeing and benefits for the residents of a

    building. Below are some of the basic theories in vaastu sastra.

    Five elements

    According to vastu sastra, the world comprisesfive basic elementsknown as thepancha maha

    bhoota. Out of the eight planets, ours has life because of the presence and balance of these fiveelements. The five elements are as follows.

    EARTH (Bhumi) - Earth, the third planet in order from the sun, is a big magnet with North and

    South poles as centers of attractions. Its magnetic field and gravitational force has considerable

    effects on everything on the Earth, living and non-living.

    WATER (Jala) - This is represented by rain, river, sea and is in the form of liquid, solid (ice) and

    gas (steam, cloud). It forms part of every plant and animal. Our blood is nothing but water with

    haemoglobin and oxygen.

    AIR (Vayu) - As a life supporting element, air is a very powerful life source. Human physicalcomfort values are directly and sensitively dependent on correct humidity, air flow,

    temperature of air, air pressure, air composition and its content.

    FIRE (Agni) - Represents light and heat which account for day, night, the seasons, energy,

    enthusiasm, passion and vigour.
  • 8/2/2019 Vastu shastras


    SPACE (Akasha) - The akashaprovides shelter to all the above elements. It is also considered

    the primary conductor of all energy sources within the universal context - physical energies

    such as sound and light, social energies such as psychological and emotional, and cognitive

    energies such as intellect and intuition.

    There is an invisible and constant relation between all the five elements. Thus, the person canimprove their conditions by properly designing their buildings by understanding the

    effectiveness of these five natural forces. Vaastu sastra combines all the five elements of nature

    and balances them with the person and the material. It takes advantage of the benefits

    bestowed by the five elements of nature to create a congenial living and working environment

    thereby facilitating spiritual well-being and paving the way for enhanced health, wealth,

    prosperity and happiness.

    In Indian architecture, the dwelling is itself a shrine. A home is called manushyalaya, literally,

    "human temple". It is not merely a shelter for human beings in which to rest and eat. The

    concept behind house design is the same as fortempledesign, so sacred and spiritual are the

    two spaces. The "open courtyard" system of house design was the national pattern in Indiabefore Western models were introduced. The order introduced into the "built space" accounts

    for the creation of spiritual ambiance required for the indweller to enjoy spiritual well-being

    and material welfare and prosperity. At right is a typical layout of a square building, with a grid

    of 9x9=81 squares, meant for family persons (for scientists, artists andyogia grid of 8x8=64 is

    prescribed). The space occupied by the central 3x3=9 squares is called Brahmasthanam,

    meaning the "nuclear energy field". It should be kept unbuilt and open to the sky so as to have

    contact with the outer space (akasha). This central courtyard is likened to the lungs of the

    human body. It is not for living purposes. Religious and cultural events can be held here--such

    as yajna (fire rituals), music and dance performances and marriage. The row of squares

    surrounding theBrahmasthanamis the walkway. The corner spaces, occupying 2x2=4 squares,are rooms with specific purposes. The northeast quarter is called Isanya, the southeast Agni,

    the southwest Niruthi and northwest Vayu. These are said to possess the qualities of four

    respective devatas or gods--Isa, Agni, Niruthi and Vayu. Accordingly--with due respect to

    ecological friendliness with the subtle forces of the spiritthose spaces (quarters) are assigned

    as follows: northeast for the home shrine, southeast for the kitchen, southwest for the master

    bedroom and northwest for the storage of grains. The spaces lying between the corner zones,

    measuring 2x5=10 squares, are those of the north, east, south and west. They are meant for

    multi purposes.[2]
  • 8/2/2019 Vastu shastras


    Vastu Purusha Mandala

    The concept of Vastu Purusha

    The Vastu Purusha Mandala is an indispensable part of vastu shastra and constitutes the

    mathematical and diagrammatic basis for generating design. It is the metaphysical plan of a

    building that incorporates the course of the heavenly bodies and supernatural forces. Purusha