US History Ch 15.3

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Transcript of US History Ch 15.3

  • 1. U.S. History Chapter 15:New Movements in America Section 3:Reforming Society

2. Prison Reform

  • 2 ndGreat Awakening inspired people
  • Reform efforts led by middle class women

3. Prison Reform

  • Dorothea Dix : campaigned to improve the treatmentof mentally ill people throughout the country

Dorothea Dix 4. Prison Reform

  • Mentally ill jailed with common criminals
  • Mental hospitals built
  • Punishment of young offenders
  • Education of prisoners

5. Campaigning against Alcohol Abuse

  • Alcohol seen as cause of social problems
  • Temperance Movement social reform effort that encouraged people to use self-discipline to stop drinking liquor

6. Campaigning against Alcohol Abuse

  • Lyman Beecher: Alcoholics neglecting education of their familiesand corrupting their morals
  • Some states ban alcohol sales

Lyman Beecher 7. Education in America

  • Poor public education
  • Education produces good workers & citizens
  • Low expectations

8. Education in America

  • Availability & quality varied
  • Teachers untrained young men
  • McGuffeysReaders

McGuffeysReaders 9. The Common-School Movement

  • Common-School Movement effort to have children of all backgrounds in the same school
  • Horace Mann: leading advocate of movement

Horace Mann 10. Womens Education

  • Few women had beyond a grade school education
  • Catharine Beecher: led womens education reform

Catherine Beecher 11. Womens Education

  • Emma Willard : startedthe first college level institution for women in the U.S.
  • TroyFemale Seminary first college level institution for women in the U.S.

Emma Willard 12. Womens Education

  • Mary Lyon :founder of Mount Holyoke Seminary
  • Oberlin College :first co-educational college in the U.S.

Mary Lyon 13. African American Schools

  • Expanded education opportunities
  • African Americans attended separate schools
  • Rarely attended college

14. African American Schools

  • Oberlin College & Harvard accept African Americans
  • Black colleges open
  • Few obtained education in South

15. Teaching People w/ Disabilities

  • Samuel Gridley Howe :worked to improve education of visually impaired Americans
  • Thomas Gallaudet : worked to improve lives & education of hearing impaired

Thomas Gallaudet