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  • UNIVERSITY OF HONG KONGLIBRARY

    Hong Kong CollectionGift from:

    Hong Kong Training Council

  • HONG KONG TRAINING COUNCIL

    TRAINING PROGRAMMES

    FOR THE

    PRINCIPAL JOBS IN THE

    CLOTHING INDUSTRY

    JUNE 1977

    PREPARED BY THE

    CLOTHING INDUSTRY TRAINING BOARD

  • LIST

    Chairman i

    The Honourable Francis Y.H. TientO.B.E., J9P*

    Vice-Chairman :

    Mr. R.

    Mr. N.C.M. Yek

    Secretary *

    Miss Susanna lu

    Mr. Charles Pan ( )(up to 31st August 1976)

    Mr, Frank C.H. Jent J.P. ( 'flr c'fif- )(from March 1977)

    Members s

    Mr, E. Barnes

    Miss P.T. Chen (

    Mr. Christopher Cheng (

    Mr. Stephen K.C. Cheong (

    Mr. O.K. Chow, O.B.E.f J.P. ( JS,(up to 31st December 1976)

    Mr* FOK Wah-pun ((from 1st January 1977)

    Mr. EUR. Knight, J.P.

    Mr. Robert W.K. Tse(from 1st September 1976)

    ill

  • FOREWORD

    In August 1972 the Manual of Job Standards and Specificationsfor the 22 principal jobs in the clothing industry in Hong Kong preparedby the Training Board was published and put on sale. Based on these jobstandards and specifications the Training Board has now completed itswork of drawing up model on~the~job training programmes for jobs at thetechnologistf technician and craftsman levels. The outcome is thismanual*

    The aim of preparing this manual of recommended trainingprogrammes is two-fold to provide employers with ready-made systematicon-the-job training programmes for training their apprentices/traineesand, for those employers who wish to prepare their own training programmesfto provide them with guidelines which should assist them in their task.While these recommended programmes are provided as guidelines, we wouldstrongly urge employers, in the interest of good training, to adhere tothem as closely as possible both with respect to the content and the timesallocated.

    In the particular case of clothing machine mechanics, knittingmachine mechanics and plant maintenance mechanics, it will be a definiteadvantage to employer^ to take on apprentices who have completed therelevant one-year full-time basic craft course at a Technical Institute.

    We would strongly advise that proper work attitute andawareness of the need for safe working and of statutory requirementsregarding the safe use of plant and machinery should be emphasizedthroughout the training period.

    We are confident that these model training programmes, whenapplied, would raise the standard of training which would in turn resultin a more efficient workforce.

    Francis Y.H. TienChairman

    Clothing Industry Training Board

    IV

  • CONTENTS

    Job Title Pages

    TECHNOLOGIST LEEL

    Production Manager 1 - k

    Quality Controller 5 - 7

    Garment Designer 8-10

    TECHNICIAN LEVEL

    Production Supervisor/Marker Maker/ 11-14Pattern Maker

    Knitwear Technician 15-18

    CKAFTSMAN LEVEL

    Clothing Machine Mechanic 19-22

    Knitting Machine Mechanic ' 23-25

    Plant Maintenance Mechanic 26 - 27

  • Job Level

    Job Title

    Technologist

    Production manager

    Type of Training * This programme covers one-year on-the-job trainingin the clothing industry.

    Induction

    ^Programme

    d) ouided tour of factory*

    (2) Company and factory regulations.

    (3) Government regulations*

    (k) Safety, health and proper workattitude.

    (5) Organisation of the factory.

    (6) Product range, quality standardof finished merchandise and markets*

    (?) Information about the trainingprogramme

    Approximatetime scale

    1 day

    Stockroom (1) Types of materials and trimmings 1 weekused*

    (2) Routine of receipts, stock controland issue ,

    (5) Inspection of in-coming goods*

    Safe storage of materials andtrimmings*

    Pattern Making andthe Cutting Hoom

    (1) Design and design engineering* 4 weeks

    (2) Garment measurements and sizes*

    (3) Pattern drafting*

  • Haking-up-

    PrograBBBg

    (If) Methods of grading,,

    (5) Pattern storagef issue andcontrol*

    (6) Sample making and garmentfitting.

    (7) Marker making*

    (8) Techniques of handling andlay-up of cloth by hand andby machinery*

    (9) Marking-out techniques.

    (10) Operation and techniques ofusing various types of cuttingmachines and cloth drills.

    (11) Bundling and ticketing*

    (1) Operation of various types ofsewing machines*

    (2) Production sequences and flowsystems*

    (?) Control of garment parts.

    (k) Practical supervision of aworking group :-

    allocating of workt

    balancing of line,motivation etc*

    Approximatetime scale

    k weeks

    Pressing Section (1) Operation of various pressingmachines*

    2 weeks

    Despatch : (1) Packing*

    (2) Distribution of finished garmentsand shipping*

    1 week

  • Costing

    Programme

    (1) Implications of cost

    (2) Methods of costing and control*

    Approximatetime scale

    2 weeks

    Quality Control (1) Inspection methods, fault-tracing, correction andtreatment of defectivegarments*

    (2) The importance and methods ofquality control and build-inin each process*

    2 weeks

    Personnel

    Production Planningand Control

    (1) Manpower planning,, 2 weeks

    (2) Recruiting $ interviewing andselection of employees*

    (3) Cost of labour turnover*

    Training at different levels*Betrainingf training costs andrecords* Apprentice training*

    (5) Paying systems*

    (1) Plant layout. Jk weeks

    (2) Production planning s

    Methods of schedulingwork and co-ordinatingwith other departments.Planning the cuttingorder.

    (3). Productio-n control :-

    (a) Materials -utilisationand control.

    (b) Labour - labour utilisation*

    3

  • ApproximateProgramme time scale

    (c) Equipment - the improvementof performanceby machinesfwork-placeengineering andtransportation.

    Recording and controlling of workin progress*

    (5) Simple applications of method studyand work measurement*

    52 weeks

    Note i Employers are reminded that, when planning on-the-jobtraining for trainees/apprentices, this trainingprogramme should be used as a guidelinef but employersare advised to adhere to it as nearly as possible.

  • Job Level 5 Technologist

    Job Title : Quality Controller

    Type of Training * This programme coers one-year on-the-job trainingin clothing industry

    Induction

    Programme

    (1) Guided tour of factory.

    (2) Company and factory regulations*

    (3) Government regulations.

    (if) Safetyf health and proper workingattitude.

    (5) Organisation of the factory.

    (6) Product rangef quality standardof finished merchandise and markets.

    (?) Information about the trainingprogramme

    Approximatetime scale

    1 day

    Stockroom (1) Types of materials and trimmingsused.

    (2) Inspection of in-coming goods*

    (3) Safe storage of materials andtrimmings

    1 week

    Sales and Design (1) Study of customers1 requirements

    with due consideration toperformance and price*

    (2) Designs effect on quality*

    (3) 3escription of style features.

    2 weeks

  • ApproximateProgramme time scale

    (if) Work instructions for production*

    (5) Critical garment dimensions andtolerances.

    (6) Stitch and seam types

    (?) Types of sewing threadf theirsuitability and characteristics*

    (8) Detecting problem areas in samplemaking*

    Pattern Making and . (1) Size charts and checking of 2 weeksthe Cutting Boom * measurements*

    (2) Quality control in relation topattern pieces and markers*

    (3) Methods of good lay making(i*e* correct tension* patternfabric matching, straight endsetc*)

    (k) Precise cutting and inspectionof cut pieces*

    Making-up ; (1) Inspection of cut pieces from 20 weeksthe cutting room.

    (2) Application and limitations ofclothing machinery and work aidsin relation to the quality ofstitching*

    (3) Specifications and tolerances,

    (k) Inspection methodsf in-processand final inspection*

    (5) Compilation and use of statistics.

    (6) Practice in instilling qualityconsciousness*

    ' ' (?) Fault-tracing, correction, andtreatment of defective garments.

  • Pressing andDespatch

    Approximatetime scale

    s (1) Techniques of high quality pressing* 1 week

    (2) Effects of pressing on differentmaterials*

    (3) Inspection techniques in thepressing room*

    Achievement of hanger and packageappeal

    Quality Control (1) Routine quality check from cutpieces to finishing*

    (2) Supervision and allocation ofwork in the quality controlsection*

    (3) Research work in achieving goodquality through s-

    (a) failure of garmentf

    (b) appraisal of circumstance,and,

    (c) prevention of recurrence*

    (k) Examination of customers * complaintsand rejects and feed back ofinformation to production sections*

    26 weeks

    Note * Employers are reminded that* when planning on-the-jobtraining for trainees/apprenticesf this trainingprogramme should be used as a guidelinef but employersare advised to adhere to it as nearly as possible*

    52 weeks

  • Job Level : Technologist

    Job Title Garment Designer

    Type of Training This programme covers one year on-thejob trainingin the clothing industry

    Approximatetime scaleProgramme

    Induction ** (1) Guided tour of factory 1. day

    (2) Company and factory regulations*

    (3) Government regulations*

    (4) Safety, health and proper workattitude

    (5) Organisation of the factory

    (6) Product range, quality standard offinished merchandise and markets*

    (?) Information about the trainingprogramme,

    Buying Department : Selection of materials and accessoriesf 1 weekbuying routine and time schedules*

    Stockroom

    Sample Boom

    (1) Types of materials and trimmings 1 weekused*

    (2) Routine of receipts, stock controland issue*

    (3) Safe storage of materials andtrimmings* "

    (1) Garment measurements and sizes, k weeks

    (2) Pattern drafting and grading.

  • Programme

    (3) Pattern storage, issue andcontrol*

    Sample making

    Approximatetime scale

    Cutting Production procedures in cuttingroom s marker making f lay makingand cutting and machinery used,,

    Making-up Production procedures in the sewingroom, pressing and despatch*

    weeks

    Quality Control (1) Quality standard of products*

    (2) Inspection methodsf fault-tracingfcorrection and treatment ofdefective garments.

    1 weeks

    Design and DesignEngineering

    (1) Garment design with reference toline, colour9 texture etc,

    (2) Adaptation of ideas to styles*

    (3) Modification of design formaterial economy; methods ofseam displacement*

    (4) Modification of design for thepurpose of production efficiency.

    (5) Design is relation to theavailable labour and machinery*

    (6) Catering for a specific market;assessment of the character ofthe market for which a firmcaters*

    (7) Study of customers' requirementswith due consideration toperformance and price

    weeks

  • ApproximatePrograsae time scale

    (8) Suitability of design andstyle for various materialssuch as faced cloths9 one-waydesign9 stripes and checks

    (9) Designing for a balancedcollection

    (1C) Current international styletrends and recent fabricdesign and developments

    (11) Effective utilisation of materials,

    (12) Effect of design on quality andproduction*

    (13) Achievement of hanger and packageappeal

    52 weeks

    Mote i Employers are reminded thatf when planning on-the-jobtraining for trainees/apprentices* this trainingprogramme should be used as a guideline9 but employersare advised to adhere to it as nearly as possible*

    10

  • Job Level s Technician

    Job Title Production Supervisor/Marker Maker/Pattern

    Type of Training 4-year on-the-job training with attendance at arelated technician course on a part-time day orblock-release or evening basis

    Induction

    Programme

    (1) Guided tour of factory*

    (2) Company and factory regulations

    (3) Government regulations*

    Safety * health and proper workattitude*

    (5) Organisation of the factory.

    (6) Product range, quality standardof finished merchandise and themarkets.

    (7) Information about the trainingprogramme*

    Approximatetiae scale_

    1 day

    BASIC TBAINING

    Stockroom 5 (1) Types of materials* trimmings andtheir usage*

    (2) Soutine of receipts, stock controland issue*

    (3) Safe storage of materials andtrimmings.

    3 months

    Design and Costing * (1) Design and design engineering,

    (2) Adaptation of ideas to styling,relevant to production, costingand market needs.

    (3) Costing methods and control*

    11

  • Programme

    Sample making

    (5) Job specification,, (detailedworking instructions)

    Approximatetime scale

    Pattern Making (1) Garment measurements in relationto size charts*

    (2) Pattern making and grading*

    Cutting Boom

    Sewing Room

    (1) Marker making f i*e, economicalcloth usage f techniques ofhandling and preparing thecloth for cutting and under-standing the importance ofgrain (warp and weft)f pilefchecks and pattern fabricsand shading

    (2) Laying of cloth and trimmings*

    (3) Cutting methods*

    (%) Bundling*

    (5) Instruction and practice oncutting room equipment

    (1) Manufacturing equipment 9including actual use ofmachinery*

    (2) Practical production work,assembly,

    (3) Principles and systems ofproduction,

    Control of garment parts*

    (5) Practical .supervision of aworking group s - balancing of aline etc*

    3 months

    12

  • Programme

    (6) Operative training

    (?) ork study.

    Approximatetime scale

    Finishing Sections : (1) Practical work in FinishingSections* (i*e Felling hemfbuttonholingf buttoningf hand-sewing etc,* 5

    Press Section

    Despatch

    ProductionEngineering

    (1) Practical work on pressing 1 month

    d) Practical work on packing andticketing*

    (2) Distribution of finished garmentsand shipping*

    (1) Study of handling methods and 2 monthswork place layouts*

    (2) Machinery types and attachmentsin relation to possible improvementof production efficiency and quality

    Production Control ' (1) Control over staff and production*

    (2) Production planning

    Quality Control (1) Practical examination and testingof materials and garments at variousstages of manufacture*

    (2) Techniques of random sampling*

    (3) Correction and treatment ofdefective garments*

    3 months

    Maintenance : (1) Knowledge of simple maintenanceof all machinery and equipment*

    13

  • ApproximateProgramme tiine seal n

    SPECIALISED . Thoroughly trained in one of the 3 years* following departments :-

    (1) Production planning andcontrol

    (2) Pattern making and thecutting room*

    (3) Sewing room

    k years

    Note i (1) Employers are reminded thatf when planning on~thejobtraining for trainees/apprentices, this trainingprogramme should be used as a guideline, but employersare advised to adhere to it sis nearly as possible *

    (2) Marker Maker and Pattern Maker trainees/apprenticesneed not spend time in maintenance section*

  • Job level Technician

    Job Title I Knitwear Technician

    Type of Training *iyear on-the-job training with attendance at arelated technician course on a -part-time day orblock-release or evening basis*

    Induction

    Programme

    (1) Guided tour of factory*

    (2) Company and factoryregulations*

    (3) Government regulations*

    (k) Safetyf health and properworking attitude*

    (5) Organisation of the factory*

    (6) Product rangef qualitystandard of finishedmerchandise and markets*

    (?) Information about thetraining programme

    Approximatetime scale

    1 day

    BASIC TRAINING

    Knitting Section (1) Identification of commonraw materials for knitting.

    (2) Yarn dyeing*

    (3) Binding and waxing/lubricating*

    (4) Prepare pattern wheels,pattern drums, patterncards or pattern tapesfrom the pattern draftsfor various knittingmachines*

    6 months

    15.

  • Approximatetime scale

    (5) Operate and control of allavailable knitting machinery*

    (6) Identification and productionof various knitted fabricstructures*

    Quality Controlin the KnittingSection

    Inspection methodsf fault-tracing,correction and treatment ofdefective pieces.

    1 month

    Fabric Cutting(Design* PatternMaking ad Cutting)

    Assembling

    (1) Design and design 4 monthsengineering.

    (2) Drafting block patterns*

    (3) Methods of grading*

    (4) Marker making - economicallayouts (Mixing of sizesand thickness of lays).

    (5) Techniques of handling andlay-up of knitted fabricsby hand and machinery

    (6) Marking-out techniques*

    (?) Operation and techniques ofusing various types ofcutting machines and clothdrills

    (8) Bundling and ticketing*

    (1) Operation of various 6 monthslinking, seaming and sewingmachines

    (2) Production sequences.

    (3) Control of garment parts.

    16

  • Programme

    Practical supervision of aworking group s- allocatingof workf balancing of lineetc*

    Approximatetime scale

    ? Finishing s (1) Methods of wet finishing and 1 monthpiece dyeing if applicable*

    (2) Operation of setting orpressing machines*

    VI. Quality Controlof Assembly andFinishes

    (1) Methods of inspection* 1 month

    (2) Quality standards of thefactory*

    (3) Causes and remedies offaults.

    'VII Packing andDespatch

    (1) Packing and despatch. 1 month

    VIII Costing s Calculation, control and revision 1 monthof production costs*

    IX. Production Controland Planning

    Planning and control of production 2 monthsflow to ensure efficient utilisationof :~

    (a) raw materials,

    (b) machines (e,g, machineproduction calculations)fand

    (c) labour*

    so that there will be no bottlenecks*

    17

  • Maintenance

    Programme

    Carrying out simple maintenanceand repairs of all machinery andequipment 9

    Approximatetime scale

    1 month

    TKAINING Thoroughly trained in one of thefollowing departments i

    (1) Knitting

    (2) Quality Control

    (3) Pattern making

    (4) Production

    (5) Production Planning

    (6) Finishing

    2k months

    months

    Note Employers are reminded thatf when planning on~the~jobtraining for trainees/apprentices, this trainingprogramme should be used as a guideline f but employersare advised to adhere to it as nearly as possible.

    18

  • Job level Craftsman

    Job Title Clothing Machine Mechanic

    Type of Training s 3-year craft apprenticeship with attendance at arelated craft course on a part-time day or block-release or evening basis*

    Induction

    Approximatetime scaleProgramme

    (1) Guided tour of factory* 1 day

    (2) Company and factory regulations*

    (3) Government regulations

    (k) Safety, health and proper workiugattitude*

    (5) Organisation of the factory*

    (6) Information about the trainingprogramme

    Basic WorkshopPractice

    (1) Use and care of measuring andmarking tools, such as rules,squares, protractors, scribers,centre punches f dividers, andmicrometers*

    (2) Use and care of various typesof files*

    (3) Use and care of chisels,scrapers, drills, reamers,handtaps and dies,

    Interpretation of simpleengineering drawings* Sketchingof simple machine parts andattachments,

    12 months

    19

  • Specialised Trainingon Clothing Machinery :-

    Cutting'

    Stitching

    (2)

    (1)

    Programme

    (1) Dismantliagf assembly andadjustment of portable powerknives and cloth drills.

    Simple repair and maintenanceof machinery used in the cuttingroom*

    Dismantling and assembly ofthe following sewing machinesfthe functions of various parts;fitting proceduresf adjustmentsand timing relationship s

    (a) Oscillating shuttlefDrop Feedf SingleNeedle, Lockstitchmachine*

    (b) Eotary Hookf DropFeedf Single NeedlefLockstitch machine*

    (c) High Speed EotarySemi-AutomaticLubrication machine*

    (d) Single-threadChainstitch machine*

    (e) Two-threadChainstitch machine*

    (f) Blindstitch machine*

    (g) Overedging machine*

    (h)

    Approximatetime scale

    2k months

    Covering Stitchmachine*

    20

  • Approximatetime scale

    (i) Zig-Zag DropLockstitchf or flatlock or any othermachines aremainly inparticular factoryfor producing specialgarments such aslingerie.

    (2) Dismantlingf assembly andadjustment of followingmachines f the functions ofvarious parts; fittingprocedures f and timing'relationship i

    (a) Automatic lockstitchButton andTacking machines .

    (b) Automatic SingleThread ChainstitchButton Sewing andTacking machines*

    (c) Automatic LockstitchButtonhole machine*

    (d) Automatic Single-Thread Chainstitch. ' ''Buttonhole machine*

    (e) Automatic Two- threadChainstitch Buttonholemachine *

    (3) Daily maintenance work of allmachines used in the sewingroom*

    Make and fit various guides,folders and attachments tofacilitate production, reducehandling time and improvequality*

  • ApproximateProgramme time scale

    Pressing Equipment Fittingf simple repair and maintenanceprocedures for steam ironsf vacuumpumps, different types of press, pressingequipmentf boiler and equipment

    Services (1) Electricity s Simple circuitsfuse of ammeters and voltmeters*Interpretation of simple wiringdiagrams relating to clothingmachinery*

    (2) Carry out simple testing,checking and repairingelectrical installationsin clothing machinery

    (3) Simple maintenance proceduresfor air compressors*

    Note : Employers are reminded that, when planning on~the-gobtraining for trainees/apprentices, this trainingprogramme should be used as a guideline, but employersare advised to adhere to it as nearly as possible*

    22

  • Job Craftsman

    Job Title Knitting Machine Mechanic

    Type of Training I 3year craft apprenticeship with attendance at arelated craft course on a part-time day or block-release or basis*

    Induction

    Programme

    (1) Guided tour of factory*

    (2) Company and factory regulations*

    (3) Government regulations

    (4) Safetyf health and proper workingattitude

    (5) Organisation of the factory*

    (6) Information about the trainingprogramme,

    Approximatetitt scale

    1 day

    Basic WorkshopPractice

    (1) Use and care of power, hand and 12 monthsmachine tools of the trade*

    (2) Use and care of measuring andspecial instruments,

    (3) Practice of soldering, brazingand welding*

    (if) Interpretation of simpleengineering drawings*

    (5) Sketching of simple machine partsand attachments*

    C6) Use and care of simple electricalmeasuring instruments*

    (7) Interpretation of simple wiringdiagrams

  • Training on KnittingMachinery

    Programme

    (1) Dismantlingf assembly andadjustments of the followingmachinery 5

    (a)

    (b) Hand

    (c) flat power knittingf

    (d) Circular knittlag9

    (e) Fully fashion straightbar knitting) and

    (f) Any other knittingmachines used in thefactory

    (2) Operate and control of allavailable knitting machine ry*

    (j) Prepare pattern wheels f patterndrums f pattern cards or patterntapes from the pattern draftsfor various knitting machines*

    ( f) Machine cleaning f oiling andsimple adjustment*

    (5) Carrying out machine erection,setting, overhauling, conversionand repairs as instructed by hissupervisor*

    (6) Check machine parts for wear andfaults and carry out any repairsor replacement if necessary*

    (?) Correct all setting to the requiredtolerances on various knittingmachines

    Approximatetime scale

    18 months

    (8) Make simple parts and gauges.

  • ApproximateProgramme tiae scale

    Carrying out daily routine work of repairingf cleaningf 6 monthsand lubricating on all machinery in the factory* Any workassigned by management related to a mechanic*

    Note J Saployers are reminded thatf when planning on-the-jobtraining for trainees/apprenticesf this trainingprogramme should be used as a guideline f but employersare advised to adhere to it as nearly as possible*

  • Job level : Craftsman

    Job Title I Plant Maintenance Mechanic (Clothing)

    Type of Training 5 >year organised craft apprenticeshipf or 2yearorganised craft apprenticeship if preceded by aone-year full-time basic craft (apprenticeship^course or a three year course in a prevocationalschool, with attendance at a related craft courseon a part-time day or block-release or eveningbasis

    Induction

    Programme

    (1) Guided tour of factory.

    (2) Company and factory regulations*

    (3) Government regulations

    Safety, health and proper workattitude*

    (5) Organisation of the factory

    (6) Information about the trainingprogramme*

    Approximatetime scale

    1 day

    Basic WorkshopPractice

    (1) Practical properties, selectionand application of materials*

    (2) Correct use and care of basicmanual and power-operated handtools and machine tools

    (3) Marking out and use of measuringinstruments*

    Heat treatment.

    (5) Fabrication processes,

    (6) Overhaul of mechanical parts andplant* . .

    12 months

    26

  • Approximatejragragme time scale

    (?) Simple electrical andisolation of equipmentthe supply source.

    (8) Electrical wiring work, andoverhaul of basic electricalequipment*

    (9) Use and care of commonly usedelectrical instruments

    (10) Engineering drawings, circuitand wiring diagrams, sketchingand use of conventional symbols*

    Specialised , (1) Correct use and care of the tools 2k .monthsTraining * of the plant including machine

    and power operated hand tools9instruments and test equipment*

    (2) Installation, maintenance, repairand modification of electricalwiring$ electrical and mechanicalcomponents and equipment to requiredspecifications*

    (3) Operation, testing, maintenance andrepair of compressed air systems,boiler and ancilliary equipment andpressing equipment

    Interpretation of engineeringdrawings, building plans, wiringand circuit diagrams, installationand service manuals

    Note : Employers are reminded that, when planning on-the-jobtraining for trainees/apprentices, this trainingprogramme should be used as a guideline, but'employersare advised to adhere to it as nearly as possible*